Test Catalog

Test Id : FS

Fungal Smear, Varies

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Detection of fungi in clinical specimens

Reflex Tests
Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
TISSR Tissue Processing No, Bill Only No

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

When this test is ordered, the reflex test may be performed at an additional charge.

 

See Meningitis/Encephalitis Panel Algorithm in Special Instructions.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Calcofluor/KOH Stain

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Fungal Smear

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

KOH stain

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

When this test is ordered, the reflex test may be performed at an additional charge.

 

See Meningitis/Encephalitis Panel Algorithm in Special Instructions.

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Varies

Shipping Instructions

Specimen should arrive within 24 hours of collection.

Necessary Information

Specimen source is required.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Specimen Type: Body fluid

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: Entire collection

 

Specimen Type: Bone marrow

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: Entire collection

 

Specimen Type: Fresh tissue or stool

Supplies: Stool Collection Kit, Random (T635)

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: Pea sized

Collection Instructions: Tissue should be placed in small amount of sterile saline or sterile water.

 

Specimen Type: Respiratory specimen

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: Entire collection

 

Specimen Type: Urine

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 2 mL

Collection Instructions: Collect a random urine specimen.

 

Acceptable

Fresh tissue or body fluid is the preferred specimen type instead of a swab specimen.

 

Specimen Type: Swab

Sources: Dermal, ear, mouth, ocular, throat, or wound

Container/Tube: Culture transport swab (noncharcoal) Culturette

Specimen Volume: Swab

Collection Instructions:

1. Before collecting specimen, wipe away any excessive amount of secretion and discharge, if appropriate.

2. Obtain secretions or fluid from source with sterile swab.

3. If smear and culture are requested or both a bacterial culture and fungal culture are requested, collect a second swab to maximize test sensitivity.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Microbiology Test Request (T244) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

Bone Marrow or Body Fluid: 1 mL

Respiratory Specimen: 1.5 mL

Tissue: pea-sized piece

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Blood or fixed tissue
Specimen in viral transport (including but not limited to M4, M5, BD viral transport media, thioglycolate broth)
Nasal swab
Wood shaft or charcoal swab
Catheter tips
Prepared slide, glass slide, microscope slide
Reject
 

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Refrigerated (preferred) 7 days
Ambient 7 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Detection of fungi in clinical specimens

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

When this test is ordered, the reflex test may be performed at an additional charge.

 

See Meningitis/Encephalitis Panel Algorithm in Special Instructions.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Many fungi in the environment cause disease in severely compromised human hosts. Accordingly, the range of potential pathogenic fungi has increased as the number of immunosuppressed individuals (persons with AIDS, patients receiving chemotherapy or transplant rejection therapy, etc) has increased.

 

Few fungal diseases can be diagnosed clinically; most are diagnosed by isolating and identifying the infecting fungus in the clinical laboratory.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Negative

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Positive slides are reported as one or more of the following: yeast or hyphae present, organism resembling Blastomyces dermatitidis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Coccidioides immitis, Cryptococcus neoformans, or Malassezia furfur.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

No significant cautionary statements.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

Lockhart SR, Diekema DJ, Pfaller MA: The epidemiology of fungal infections. In: Anaissie EJ, McGinnis MR, Pfaller MA, eds. Clinical Mycology. 2nd ed. Elsevier; 2009:1-14

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Calcofluor white, a fluorescent textile brightener, nonspecifically binds with chitin in the cell wall of fungi. Examination of stained specimens using fluorescent microscopy allows for the detection of fungi due to the fluorescence of calcofluor white present on the fungal cell wall. Potassium hydroxide is added to hasten clearing of viscous specimens, and Evans blue is added to prevent nonspecific fluorescence.(Snyder JW, Atlas RM, LaRocco MT: Reagents, stains, and media: Mycology. In Manual of Clinical Microbiology. 10th edition. Edited by J Versalovic, KC Carroll, G Funke, et al. Washington DC, ASM Press, 2011)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Sunday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

1 to 2 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Raw specimen saved 7 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

87206

87176-Tissue processing (if appropriate)

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports