Describes the specimen type validated for testing
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing
Specimen Type: Serum
Container/Tube: Red Top or SST
Specimen Volume: 2 mL
Collection Instructions: Draw blood in a plain, no additive red-top tube(s) or serum gel tube(s). Spin down and send 2 mL serum frozen in amber vial (T192) to protect from light.
Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory
Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected
| Hemolysis || Mild OK; Gross reject |
| Lipemia || Mild OK; Gross reject |
| Icterus || NA |
| Other || Not light protected |
Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test
Biotin, vitamin B7, or vitamin H, is a water soluble vitamin. The vitamin plays a role in the transferring of carbon dioxide in the metabolism of fat, carbohydrate and protein by functioning as an enzyme cofactor. It is involved in multiple biochemical reactions including niacin metabolism, amino acid degradation, and the formation of purine, which is an integral part of nucleic acids. It interacts with histone by the action of biotinyl-transferase. Sometimes the vitamin is used in weight reduction programs. It may be prescribed as a supplement for diabetic patients due to its role in carbohydrate metabolism. Biotin is commonly found in vitamin B complex and many food sources, such as milk, yeast, egg yolk, cereal, and mushrooms. The reference daily intake [RDI of 101.9(c) (8) (IV)] for vitamin B7 is 300 micrograms. Deficiency in the vitamin may result in seborrheic dermatitis, alopecia, myalgia, hyperesthesia, and conjunctivitis. Disorders of biotin metabolism can be acquired or congenital. Biotinidase and holocarboxylase synthethase deficiency are the two better known forms of disorders. The lack of biotin-dependent pyruvate carboxylase, propionyl-CoA carboxylase, methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase, and acetyl-CoA carboxylase can lead to the life-threatening disorder of multiple carboxylase deficiency. Treatment involves a daily dose of approximately 10 mg biotin/day. Irreversible mental or neurological abnormalities may result from delayed clinical intervention.
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.
Pediatric <12 yrs: 100.0-2460.2 pg/mL
Adults >or=12 yrs: 221.0-3004.0 pg/mL
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference
The Biological Assay employed to quantify the level of biotin in sera uses Lactobacillus plantarum as a biotin-dependent microorganism that requires Biotin for growth. The assay consists of a sterile 96-well microplate. The assay is set by placing standard curve volumes, assay media, control serum and test samples in a sterile 96-well plate and adding a set volume of diluted bacterial culture. This culture is placed in last to allow for equal growth and distribution. The bioassay is placed in 37 degrees celsius (+/- 3 degrees celsius), humidified, 5% (+/-1%) CO2 incubator and allowed to incubate 64 to 86 hours. The plate is read for %Transmission. This method measures the ability of light to pass through the bacterial culture inversely measuring bacterial growth by biotin utilization.
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.
1 to 17 days
Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.
- Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
- Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
- Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.
The performance characteristics of the listed assay was validated by BioAgilytix Diagnostics. The US FDA has not approved or cleared this test. The results of this assay can be used for clinical diagnosis without FDA approval. BioAgilytix Diagnostics is a CLIA certified, CAP accredited laboratory for performing high complexity assays such as this one.
CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.
CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.
||Test Order Name
Order LOINC Value
||Biotin (Vitamin B7)
||Test Result Name
Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
||Biotin (Vitamin B7)
Test Setup Resources
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.
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SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.
SI Normal Reports |
SI Abnormal Reports