Test Catalog

Test Id : SPSM

Morphology Evaluation (Special Smear), Blood

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Detecting disease states or syndromes of the white blood cells, red blood cells, or platelet cell lines of a patient's peripheral blood

Profile Information
A profile is a group of laboratory tests that are ordered and performed together under a single Mayo Test ID. Profile information lists the test performed, inclusive of the test fee, when a profile is ordered and includes reporting names and individual availability.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
DIFFS Morphology Eval (Special Smear) No Yes
SPSM_ Special Smear No Yes

Reflex Tests
Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
DIFFR Morphology Eval (special Smear) No No
PINTP Peripheral Smear Interpretation No No
CBCN CBC without Differential Yes No
LCMSB Leukemia/Lymphoma Phenotype Yes No

Additional Tests
Lists tests that are always performed, at an additional charge, with the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
PBPC Peripheral Blood No, (Bill Only) Yes

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

If clinically abnormal results are identified by microscopic examination, a peripheral blood smear review is performed by a Hematopathologist at an additional charge.

 

If patient has not had a complete blood cell count in the last 3 days, one will be performed at an additional charge.

 

See Acute Tick-Borne Disease Testing Algorithm

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Manual-Microscopic Examination of Cells

 

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Morphology Eval (special smear)

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

SPSM

Peripheral Blood morphology evaluation

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

If clinically abnormal results are identified by microscopic examination, a peripheral blood smear review is performed by a Hematopathologist at an additional charge.

 

If patient has not had a complete blood cell count in the last 3 days, one will be performed at an additional charge.

 

See Acute Tick-Borne Disease Testing Algorithm

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Whole blood

Necessary Information

Clinician should provide indication for performing test.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Collection Container/Tube: 2 slides

Specimen Volume: 2 unstained, well prepared peripheral blood smears

Collection Instructions: Smears made from blood obtained by either a lavender top (EDTA) tube or finger stick specimen

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

See Specimen Required

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Clotted blood Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Whole blood Ambient (preferred) CARTRIDGE
Refrigerated CARTRIDGE

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Detecting disease states or syndromes of the white blood cells, red blood cells, or platelet cell lines of a patient's peripheral blood

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

If clinically abnormal results are identified by microscopic examination, a peripheral blood smear review is performed by a Hematopathologist at an additional charge.

 

If patient has not had a complete blood cell count in the last 3 days, one will be performed at an additional charge.

 

See Acute Tick-Borne Disease Testing Algorithm

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Under normal conditions, the morphology and proportion of each blood cell type is fairly consistent in corresponding age groups. The morphology and proportion of each blood cell type may change in various hematologic diseases. Differential leukocyte count and special smear evaluation is helpful in revealing the changes in morphology or proportion of each cell type in the peripheral blood.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

1-3 years

Neutrophils/bands: 22-51%

Lymphocytes: 37-73%

Monocytes: 2-11%

Eosinophils: 1-4%

Basophils: 0-2%

Metamyelocytes: 0%

Myelocytes: 0%

 

4-7 years

Neutrophils/bands: 30-65%

Lymphocytes: 29-65%

Monocytes: 2-11%

Eosinophils: 1-4%

Basophils: 0-2%

Metamyelocytes: 0%

Myelocytes: 0%

 

8-13 years

Neutrophils/bands: 35-70%

Lymphocytes: 23-53%

Monocytes: 2-11%

Eosinophils: 1-4%

Basophils: 0-2%

Metamyelocytes: 0%

Myelocytes: 0%

 

Adults

Neutrophils/bands: 50-75%

Lymphocytes: 18-42%

Monocytes: 2-11%

Eosinophils: 1-3%

Basophils: 0-2%

Metamyelocytes: <1%

Myelocytes: <0.5%

 

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

The laboratory will provide an interpretive report of percentage of white cells and, if appropriate, evaluation of white cells, red cells, and platelets.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

A poorly prepared peripheral smear may result in less than optimal interpretation.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Kjeldsberg CR, eds. Practical Diagnosis of Hematologic Disorders. 5th ed. American Society of Clinical Pathologists; 2010

2. Pozdnyakova O, Connell NT, Battinelli EM, Connors JM, Fell G, Kim AS. Clinical significance of CBC and WBC morphology in the diagnosis and clinical course of COVID-19 infection. Am J Clin Pathol.. 2021 Feb 11;155(3):364-375. doi: 10.1093/ajcp/aqaa231

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Microscopic examination of a Wright-Giemsa stained smear.(Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Sunday through Saturday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

1 day

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Slides: - 1 year

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

85007

85060-(if appropriate)

85027-(if appropriate)

88184-(If appropriate)

88185-(If appropriate)

88187-(if appropriate)

88188-(if appropriate)

88189-(if appropriate)

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
SPSM Morphology Eval (special smear) 14869-2
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
LYMPH Lymphocytes 26478-8
MONOC Monocytes 26485-3
EOS Eosinophils 714-6
BASO Basophils 707-0
META Metamyelocytes 740-1
MYEL Myelocytes 749-2
PROMY Promyelocytes 783-1
UBLS Blasts 709-6
PLSM Plasma Cells 79426-3
M_KR Megakaryocytes 19252-6
NUCL Nucleated RBC 19048-8
FRAGC Fragile Cells 34992-8
BL_PR Blasts and Promonocytes 709-6
MANC Manual Absolute Neutrophil Count 753-4
INT01 Interpretation 59466-3
REV96 Reviewed by: 18771-6
SEGBA Neutrophilic Segs and Bands 23761-0

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports