Test Catalog

Test Id : CRDPU

Creatine Disorders Panel, Random, Urine

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Evaluation of patients with a clinical suspicion of inborn errors of creatine metabolism including arginine:glycine amidinotransferase deficiency, guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency, and creatine transporter (SLC6A8) defect

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

Depletion of cerebral creatine occurs in all 3 types of creatine deficiency syndromes (CDS): arginine:glycine amidinotransferase deficiency, guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency, and creatine transporter (SLC6A8) deficiency.

 

Measurement of guanidinoacetate, creatine (Cr), and creatinine (Crn) in urine along with the Cr:Crn ratio distinguishes among the types of creatine deficiency syndromes.

 

Treatment with oral creatine supplementation is effective in some types of CDS.

 

Creatine supplementation may cause increased creatine values.

Additional Tests
Lists tests that are always performed, at an additional charge, with the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
CRBO Creatine, (Bill Only), U No Yes
CRNBO Creatinine, (Bill Only), U No Yes
GAABO Guanidinoacetate, (Bill Only), U No Yes

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

CRDPU / Creatine Disorders Panel, Random, Urine is a single test that carries the results for the panel. When the test is resulted, the following procedures are billed:

-CRBO / Creatine, Urine (Bill Only)

-CRNBO / Creatinine, Urine (Bill Only)

-GAABO / Guanidinoacetate, Urine (Bill Only)

 

For more information, see Newborn Screening Act Sheet Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase Deficiency: Increased Guanidinoacetate

 

The following algorithms are available:

-Newborn Screen Follow-up for Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase Deficiency (GAMT)

-Epilepsy: Unexplained Refractory and/or Familial Testing Algorithm

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectometry (LC-MS/MS)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Creatine Disorders Panel, U

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

AGAT (Arginine:Glycine Amidinotransferase) Deficiency

Arginine:Glycine Amidinotransferase Deficiency (AGAT)

CrT1 defect

GAMT (Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase) Deficiency

Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase (GAMT) Deficiency

Guanidinoacetate

Guanidinoacetic acid

Creatine urine

Creatinine urine

Creatine/creatinine ratio urine

Creatine disorders

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

CRDPU / Creatine Disorders Panel, Random, Urine is a single test that carries the results for the panel. When the test is resulted, the following procedures are billed:

-CRBO / Creatine, Urine (Bill Only)

-CRNBO / Creatinine, Urine (Bill Only)

-GAABO / Guanidinoacetate, Urine (Bill Only)

 

For more information, see Newborn Screening Act Sheet Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase Deficiency: Increased Guanidinoacetate

 

The following algorithms are available:

-Newborn Screen Follow-up for Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase Deficiency (GAMT)

-Epilepsy: Unexplained Refractory and/or Familial Testing Algorithm

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Urine

Necessary Information

Patient's age and sex are required.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Supplies: Urine Tubes, 10 mL (T068)

Container/Tube: Plastic, 10 mL urine tube

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Collect a random urine specimen.

2. Immediately freeze urine specimen.

3. If possible, do not send other tests ordered on same vial of urine. In doing so, the other tests may have increased turnaround time due to the strict frozen criteria of this assay.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

0.5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

  All specimens will be evaluated at Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Urine Frozen (preferred) 29 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Evaluation of patients with a clinical suspicion of inborn errors of creatine metabolism including arginine:glycine amidinotransferase deficiency, guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency, and creatine transporter (SLC6A8) defect

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

Depletion of cerebral creatine occurs in all 3 types of creatine deficiency syndromes (CDS): arginine:glycine amidinotransferase deficiency, guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency, and creatine transporter (SLC6A8) deficiency.

 

Measurement of guanidinoacetate, creatine (Cr), and creatinine (Crn) in urine along with the Cr:Crn ratio distinguishes among the types of creatine deficiency syndromes.

 

Treatment with oral creatine supplementation is effective in some types of CDS.

 

Creatine supplementation may cause increased creatine values.

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

CRDPU / Creatine Disorders Panel, Random, Urine is a single test that carries the results for the panel. When the test is resulted, the following procedures are billed:

-CRBO / Creatine, Urine (Bill Only)

-CRNBO / Creatinine, Urine (Bill Only)

-GAABO / Guanidinoacetate, Urine (Bill Only)

 

For more information, see Newborn Screening Act Sheet Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase Deficiency: Increased Guanidinoacetate

 

The following algorithms are available:

-Newborn Screen Follow-up for Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase Deficiency (GAMT)

-Epilepsy: Unexplained Refractory and/or Familial Testing Algorithm

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Disorders of creatine synthesis, deficiency of arginine:glycine amidinotransferases (AGAT), guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency, and creatine transporter (SLC6A8) deficiency, are collectively described as creatine deficiency syndromes (CDS). AGAT and GAMT deficiencies are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, while the creatine transporter defect is X-linked. All 3 disorders result in a depletion of cerebral creatine and typically present with global developmental delays, intellectual disability, and severe speech delay. Commonly, patients with CDS develop seizures. Patients with GAMT and the creatine transporter deficiency exhibit behavioral problems and features of autism. Female carriers for the creatine transporter deficiency can have intellectual disabilities and behavioral problems, and some develop seizures.

 

Diagnosis is possible by measuring guanidinoacetate (GAA), creatine (Cr), and creatinine (Crn) in plasma and urine. The profiles are specific for each clinical entity. Patients with GAMT deficiency typically exhibit normal to low Cr, very elevated GAA, and low Crn. Patients with AGAT deficiency typically exhibit normal to low Cr, low GAA, and normal to low Crn. In comparison, elevated Cr, normal GAA, normal to low Crn, and an elevated Cr:Crn ratio characterize patients with creatine transporter defect.

 

Treatment with oral supplementation of creatine monohydrate is available and effective for the AGAT and GAMT deficiencies. Early treatment has been reported to prevent disease manifestations in affected but presymptomatic newborn siblings of individuals with GAMT or AGAT deficiencies. Creatine supplementation has not been shown to improve outcomes in male patients with the creatine transporter defect. However, symptomatic female carriers of creatine transporter deficiency have been reported to benefit from creatine supplementation.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Males

Age

Creatinine (nmol/mL)

Guanidinoacetate (nmol/mL)

Creatine (nmol/mL)

Creatine/

creatinine

< or =31 days

430-5,240

9-210

12-2,930

0.02-0.93

32 days-23 months

313-9,040

16-860

18-10,490

0.02-2.49

2-4 years

1,140-12,820

90-1,260

200-9,210

0.04-1.75

5-18 years

1,190-25,270

40-1,190

60-9,530

0.01-0.96

>18 years (male)

3,854-23,340

30-710

7-470

0.00-0.04

 

Females

Age

Creatinine (nmol/mL)

Guanidinoacetate (nmol/mL)

Creatine (nmol/mL)

Creatine/

creatinine

< or =31 days

430-5,240

9-210

12-2,930

0.02-0.93

32 days-23 months

313-9,040

16-860

18-10,490

0.02-2.49

2-4 years

1,140-12,820

90-1,260

200-9,210

0.04-1.75

5-18 years

1,190-25,270

40-1,190

60-9,530

0.01-0.96

>18 years

1,540-18,050

30-760

5-2810

0.00-0.46

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Reports include concentrations of guanidinoacetate, creatine, and creatinine, as well as a calculated creatine:creatinine ratio. When no significant abnormalities are detected, a simple descriptive interpretation is provided. When abnormal results are detected, a detailed interpretation is given. This interpretation includes an overview of the results and their significance, a correlation to available clinical information, elements of differential diagnosis, and recommendations for additional biochemical testing.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Correct specimen collection and handling are crucial to achieve reliable results.

 

Creatine supplementation will cause falsely elevated results.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Clark JF, Cecil KM: Diagnostic methods and recommendations for the cerebral creatine deficiency syndromes. Pediatr Res. 2015 Mar;77(3):398-405. doi: 10.1038/pr.2014.203

2. Mercimek-Mahmutoglu S, Salomons GS: Creatine deficiency syndromes. In: Adam MP, Ardinger HH, Pagon RA, et al, eds. GeneReviews [Internet]. University of Washington, Seattle; 2009. Updated February 10, 2022. Accessed June 3, 2022. Available at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK3794/

3. Stockler S, Schultz PW, Salomons GS: Cerebral creatine deficiency syndromes: Clinical aspects, treatment and pathophysiology. Subcell Biochem. 2007;46:149-166. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6486-9_8

4. Longo N, Ardon O, Vanzo R, et al: Disorders of creatine transport and metabolism. Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet. 2011 Feb 15;157C(1):72-78. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.c.30292

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

A random urine sample is combined with stable isotope-labeled internal standards and acetonitrile. After centrifugation, an aliquot of this diluted sample is analyzed by injection onto liquid chromatography columns that separate the analytes from the bulk of the stable isotope dilution in the positive electrospray selected reaction monitoring mode using the Applied Biosystems API 3200 LC-MC/MC System with Analyst Software.(Bodamer OA, Bloesch SM, Gregg AR, et al: Analysis of guanidinoacetate and creatine by isotope dilution electroscopy tandem mass spectrometry. Clin Chim Acta. 2001 Jun;308(1-2):173-178. doi: 10.1016/s0009-8981(01)00480-6; Cognat S, Cheillan D, Piraud M, et al: Determination of guanidinoacetate and creatine in urine and plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Clin Chem. 2004 Aug;50(8):1459-1461. doi: 10.1373/clinchem.2004.034538)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Tuesday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

3 to 9 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

2 months

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

82540

82570

82542

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
CRDPU Creatine Disorders Panel, U 79290-3
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
23383 Creatine 15046-6
23384 Creatinine 14683-7
23385 Guanidinoacetate 97148-1
23268 Creatine/Creatinine Ratio 34275-8
23270 Creatine Disorders Panel Interp 79292-9
23272 Reviewed By 18771-6

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports