Test Catalog

Test Id : NARC

Narcolepsy-Associated Antigen, HLA-DQB1 Typing, Blood

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Ruling out a diagnosis of narcolepsy

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)/Sequence-Specific Oligonucleotide Probes (SSO)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Narcolepsy Associated Ag, B

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Whole Blood ACD-B

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Container/Tube: Yellow top (ACD solution B)

Specimen Volume: 6 mL

Collection Instructions: Do not transfer blood to other containers.

Additional Information: Specimen acceptability is based on extracted DNA concentration and not sample age.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

3 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

All specimens will be evaluated at Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Whole Blood ACD-B Refrigerated (preferred)
Ambient

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Ruling out a diagnosis of narcolepsy

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Narcolepsy is a neurological condition affecting about 0.02% of African American, White, and Japanese individuals. It is characterized by excessive daytime somnolence and abnormal rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Cataplexy (weakness precipitated by emotions, especially laughter) is present in 64% to 79% of patients with narcolepsy.

 

Studies have identified DQB1*06:02 as a useful marker of narcolepsy. DQB1*06:02 is found in 90% to 95% of African American, White, and Japanese patients with narcolepsy who also have cataplexy (narcolepsy type 1), but only in 45% to 50% of patients with narcolepsy without cataplexy (narcolepsy type 2). It must also be clearly understood that about 25% of normal people have this gene.

 

Because DQB1*06:02 is present in the normal population, no test for an HLA gene constitutes a test for narcolepsy. A more reliable approach would be to consider that, in an appropriate patient who has cataplexy, the absence of the strongly associated DQB1*06:02, provides good evidence that the patient does not have narcolepsy. However, its absence does not rule-out narcolepsy without cataplexy (narcolepsy type 2).

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

If DQB1*06:02 is not detected, the narcolepsy-associated antigen test result will be reported as negative for DQB1*06:02.

 

If the allele is detected, the result will be reported as positive for DQB1*06:02.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

No significant cautionary statements

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Mignot E, Lin X, Arrigoni J, et al: DQB1*0602 and DQB1*0102 (DQ1) are better markers than DR2 for narcolepsy in Caucasian and Black Americans. Sleep 1994;17:S60-67

2. Chabas D, Taheri S, Renier C, Mignot E: The genetics of narcolepsy. Ann Rev Genomics Hum Genet 2003;4:459-483

3. Andlauer O, Moore H 4th, Hong SC, et al: Predictors of hypocretin (orexin) deficiency in narcolepsy without cataplexy Sleep 2012 Sep 1;35(9):1247-1255F

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

This assay applies Luminex technology to the reverse sequence specific oligonucleotide DNA typing method. First, target DNA is polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified using a group-specific primer. The PCR product is biotinylated, which allows it to be detected using r-phycoerythrin-conjugated streptavidin. The PCR product is denatured and allowed to rehybridize to complementary DNA probes conjugated to fluorescently coded microspheres. A flow analyzer identifies the fluorescent intensity of phycoerythrin on each microsphere. The HLA class II allele or allele groups of the sample are determined by the positive and negative bead identified using a computer software program. The assignment of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing is based on the reaction pattern compared to patterns associated with published HLA gene sequences.(Package insert: LABType SSO Typing Tests. One Lambda; Version 04, 11/11/2019)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

5 to 9 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Whole Blood 7 days; Extracted DNA 2 months

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

81376-HLA Class II typing, low resolution (eg, antigen equivalents); one locus (eg, HLA-DRB1/3/4/5, -DQB1, -DQA1, -DPB1, or -DPA1), each

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
NARC Narcolepsy Associated Ag, B 63558-1
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
NARC_ Narcolepsy Associated Ag Result 63558-1
NARCC Interpretation 50595-8

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports