Test Catalog

Test Id : GIP

Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel, PCR, Feces

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Rapid detection of gastrointestinal infections caused by:

-Campylobacter species (Campylobacter jejuni/Campylobacter coli/Campylobacter upsaliensis)

-Clostridioides difficile toxin A/B

-Plesiomonas shigelloides

-Salmonella species

-Vibrio species (Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio cholerae)

-Vibrio cholerae-Yersinia species

-Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC)

-Enteropathogenic E coli (EPEC)

-Enterotoxigenic E coli (ETEC)

-Shiga toxin

-E coli O157

-Shigella/Enteroinvasive E coli (EIEC)

-Cryptosporidium species

-Cyclospora cayetanensis

-Entamoeba histolytica

-Giardia

-Adenovirus F 40/41

-Astrovirus

-Norovirus GI/GII

-Rotavirus A

-Sapovirus

 

This test is not recommended as a test of cure.

Highlights

The FilmArray gastrointestinal panel is a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test capable of qualitatively detecting DNA or RNA of 22 pathogens (bacteria, parasites, and viruses) in approximately 1 hour from feces in Cary Blair transport medium.

 

This test provides diagnosis of infections caused by Campylobacter species, Clostridioides difficile (formerly Clostridium difficile), Plesiomonas shigelloides, Salmonella species, Vibrio species, Vibrio cholerae, Yersinia species, enteroaggregative Escherichia coli, enteropathogenic E coli, enterotoxigenic E coli, Shiga toxin-producing E coli, E coli O157, Shigella/Enteroinvasive E coli, Cryptosporidium species, Cyclospora cayetanensis, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, adenovirus F 40/41, astrovirus, norovirus, rotavirus, and sapovirus.

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

GI Pathogen Panel, PCR, F

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Campylobacter species (C. jejuni/coli/upsaliensis)

Plesiomonas shigelloides

Vibrio cholerae

Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC)

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC)

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)

Shiga toxin producing E. coli

Escherichia coli O157 serotype

Shigella/Enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC)

Cyclospora cayetanensis

Giardia

Astrovirus

Norovirus GI/GII

Rotavirus A

Gastrointestinal Infections

Cryptosporidium species

Entamoeba histolytica

Multiplex PCR

Sapovirus

Salmonella species

Yersinia species

C difficile toxin A/B

Clostridium difficile toxin

Clostridioides difficile toxin

Vibrio species (V. parahaemolyticus/vulnificus/cholerae)

C diff

C. diff

Clostridioides

Adenovirus F 40/41

Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile toxin

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Fecal

Ordering Guidance

It is not recommended that the following tests be concomitantly ordered if this test is ordered:

-VIBC / Vibrio Culture, Feces

-ROTA / Rotavirus Antigen, Feces

-LADV / Adenovirus, Molecular Detection, PCR, Varies

-GIAR / Giardia Antigen, Feces

-CRYPS / Cryptosporidium Antigen, Feces

-CYCL / Cyclospora Stain, Feces

-STL / Enteric Pathogens Culture, Feces

-CAMPC / Campylobacter Culture, Feces

-SHIGC / Shigella Culture, Feces

-SALMC / Salmonella Culture, Feces

-YERSC / Yersinia Culture, Feces

-E157C / Escherichia coli O157:H7 Culture, Feces

-STFRP / Shiga Toxin, Molecular Detection, PCR, Feces

-CDFRP / Clostridioides difficile Toxin, Molecular Detection, PCR, Feces

-LNORO / Norovirus PCR, Molecular Detection, Feces

Additional Testing Requirements

In some cases, there may be local public health requirements that impact Mayo Clinic Laboratories (MCL) clients and require additional testing on specimens with positive results from this panel. Clients should familiarize themselves with local requirements. MCL recommends clients retain an aliquot of each specimen submitted for this test to perform additional testing themselves, as needed. If necessary, see Interpretation for detailed information about how to obtain this testing.

Shipping Instructions

Specimen must arrive within 96 hours of collection.

Do not freeze. Testing will be canceled on specimens received frozen.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Supplies: Culture and Sensitivity Stool Transport Vial (T058)  

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Specific modified Cary Blair transport system; see Additional Information for acceptable collection media

Acceptable: Cary Blair transport system (15 mL of non-nutritive transport medium containing phenol red as a pH indicator)

Specimen Volume: Representative portion of feces; 1 gram or 5 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Collect fresh fecal specimen and submit in container with transport medium.

2. Place feces in preservative within 2 hours of collection.

3. Submit preserved feces in original container. Do not aliquot.

4. If unpreserved specimens received, testing will be canceled.

Additional Information:

If collection media other than those listed is utilized, testing may be canceled. Media listed have been verified for use by Mayo Clinic Laboratories.

Modified Cary Blair media:

Preferred: Culture and Sensitivity Stool Transport Vial

Acceptable: Para-Pak C and S, Meridian

Cary Blair media: Cary Blair, Remel; Cary Blair, Protocol

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send 1 of the following forms with the specimen:

-Gastroenterology and Hepatology Client Test Request (T728)

-Microbiology Test Request (T244)

-Gastroenterology and Hepatology Patient Insurance Test Request (T908)

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

1 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Commercial transport media (eg, ETM, AlphaTec; Para-Pak Enteric Plus; C and S Transport Medium, Medical Chemical [MCC]; Copan FecalSwab/ESwab);
Products containing formalin (eg,
Sodium Acetate-Acetic Acid Formalin fixative [SAF]; PolyVinyl Alcohol fixative [PVA]; EcoFix preservative);
Swabs (eg, Cary Blair gel swab; Rectal swab; Stool swab; Gel swab);
Endoscopy specimen;
Unpreserved stool
Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Fecal Ambient (preferred) 4 days
Refrigerated 4 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Rapid detection of gastrointestinal infections caused by:

-Campylobacter species (Campylobacter jejuni/Campylobacter coli/Campylobacter upsaliensis)

-Clostridioides difficile toxin A/B

-Plesiomonas shigelloides

-Salmonella species

-Vibrio species (Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio cholerae)

-Vibrio cholerae-Yersinia species

-Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC)

-Enteropathogenic E coli (EPEC)

-Enterotoxigenic E coli (ETEC)

-Shiga toxin

-E coli O157

-Shigella/Enteroinvasive E coli (EIEC)

-Cryptosporidium species

-Cyclospora cayetanensis

-Entamoeba histolytica

-Giardia

-Adenovirus F 40/41

-Astrovirus

-Norovirus GI/GII

-Rotavirus A

-Sapovirus

 

This test is not recommended as a test of cure.

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Acute diarrheal syndromes are usually self-limiting but may be complicated by dehydration, vomiting, and fever. Diagnostic testing and treatment may be required in some instances. Many bacterial enteric infections in the United States originate within the food supply chain. According to the CDC, in 2012 there were 19,531 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with pathogens potentially transmitted through food in the United States. The numbers of infections, by pathogen, were as follows: Salmonella species (7800), Campylobacter species (6793), Shigella species (2138), Cryptosporidium species (1234), Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli non-O157 (551), Shiga toxin-producing E coli O157 (531), Vibrio species (193), Yersinia species (155), and Cyclospora cayetanensis (15). Giardia may also be transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food and water. There were 15,178 cases of giardiasis reported to the CDC in 2012. Since the clinical presentation may be very similar to many of these bacterial, viral, and parasitic pathogens, laboratory testing is required for definitive identification of the causative agent.

 

Rapid multiplex panel detection of the most common agents of bacterial, viral, and parasitic enteric infections directly from stool specimens is sensitive, specific, and provides same-day results, obviating the need for culture, antigen testing, microscopy, or individual nucleic acid amplification tests.

 

For other diagnostic tests that may be of value in evaluating patients with diarrhea the following are available:

-Parasitic Investigation of Stool Specimens Algorithm

-Laboratory Testing for Infectious Causes of Diarrhea

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Negative (for all targets)

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

A negative result should not rule-out infection in patients with a high pretest probability for gastrointestinal infection. The assay does not test for all potential infectious agents of diarrheal disease.

 

Positive results do not distinguish between a viable or replicating organism and the presence of a nonviable organism or nucleic acid, nor do they exclude the potential for coinfection by organisms not contained within the panel.

 

Results of the panel are intended to aid in the diagnosis of illness and are meant to be used in conjunction with other clinical and epidemiological findings.

 

In some cases, there may be local public health requirements that impact Mayo Clinic Laboratories (MCL) clients and require additional testing on specimens with positive results from this panel. Clients should familiarize themselves with local requirements. MCL recommends clients retain an aliquot of each specimen submitted for this test to perform additional testing themselves, as needed. If necessary, selected add-on tests can be performed by MCL at an additional charge, as detailed below. Call 800-533-1710 within 96 hours of specimen collection to request supplemental testing for positive test results:

 

Gastrointestinal pathogen panel positive for

Client action

Campylobacter species

Request add on test: CAMPC / Campylobacter Culture, Feces

Salmonella species

Request add on test: SALMC / Salmonella Culture, Feces

Shigella/Enteroinvasive E coli

Request add on test: SHIGC / Shigella Culture, Feces (for the Shigella/Enteroinvasive E coli target, the culture will assess for Shigella species only)

Yersinia species

Request add on test: YERSC / Yersinia Culture, Feces

Vibrio species

Request add on test: VIBC / Vibrio Culture, Feces

Shiga toxin-producing E coli

E coli O157

Request add on test: E157C / Escherichia coli O157:H7 Culture, Feces

 

MCL will report results to the client for additional cultures when ordered. If cultures are positive and the client is in need of the isolated organism (eg, Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia or Vibrio species, or E coli O157:H7) for submission to a public health laboratory, the client needs to call MCL and request that the isolates be returned to them (the client). The client will be responsible for submitting the isolates to the appropriate public health department. Positive culture results will also be reported via the Electronic Clinical Laboratory Reporting System (ECLRS).

 

Alternatively (not preferred), clients who want a patient specimen returned from MCL should call 800-533-1710 as soon as possible, at the latest within 96 hours of specimen collection, to request that MCL return an aliquot of the submitted specimen to them. Clients will be responsible for submitting specimens to appropriate public health departments.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

The detection of microbial DNA or RNA is dependent upon proper sample collection, handling, transportation, storage, and preparation. There is a risk of false-negative results due to the presence of strains with sequence variability or genetic rearrangements in the target regions of the assays.

 

Repeat testing should not be performed on specimens collected less than 7 days apart.

 

The presence of blood or mucous in the specimen may interfere with testing.

 

Aeromonas species are not detected by this panel but may be detected by tests: STL / Enteric Pathogens Culture, Feces or AERMC / Aeromonas Culture, Feces.

 

The following information is provided by the test manufacturer:

Cary Blair media, used for dilution and processing of clinical stools, is screened by manufacturers for viable organisms but may not be specifically tested for microbial nucleic acids. The presence of nucleic acids at levels that can be detected by the FilmArray GI Panel may lead to false positive test results.(BioFire Technical Notes FLM1-PRT-0239-01 and QS-339B-01)

 

Campylobacter species: Detects but does not differentiate Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter upsaliensis. Other species will not be detected. Helicobacter pullorum may cross react.

Clostridioides difficile: Detects but does not differentiate toxin A gene (tcdA) and toxin B gene (tcdB). A positive result may reflect asymptomatic carriage or C difficile-associated diarrhea.

Salmonella species: Detects but does not differentiate Salmonella enterica and Salmonella bongori. Cross-reactivity may occur with some strains of Escherichia coli, which have the cryptic ETT2 type-III secretion system.

Vibrio species: Detects but does not differentiate Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus. The assay may also react with less common Vibrio species such as, Vibrio alginolyticus, Vibrio fluvialis, and Vibrio mimicus. The assay is not expected to detect rare species of Vibrio such as: Vibrio cincinnatiensis, Vibrio furnissii and Vibrio metschnikovii. Grimontia hollisae may cross react.

Vibrio cholerae: V cholerae is specifically reported when detected. V cholerae strains that do not carry the toxR gene or which carry highly divergent toxR genes may not be detected. Rare non-cholerae strains of Vibrio that have acquired the toxR gene may cross-react (eg, Vibrio harveyi, Vibrio mimicus, Vibrio alginolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus).

Yersinia species: Detects Yersinia enterocolitica but does not differentiate known serotypes or biotypes. Yersinia kristensenii, Yersinia frederiksenii, and Yersinia intermedia cross-react at high levels with Y enterocolitica; detection is reported to genus level only.

Diarrheagenic E coli: Detects genetic determinants associated with classic diarrheagenic E coli/Shigella pathotypes. Transfer of these genes between organisms has been documented; therefore, detected results for multiple diarrheagenic E coli/Shigella may be due to the presence of multiple pathotypes or a single strain containing the genes characteristic of multiple pathotypes.

Enteroaggregative E coli (EAEC): Detects but does not differentiate 2 gene targets typically associated with enteroaggregative E coli; the aggR regulatory gene and the putative outer membrane protein, aatA, both located on the partially-conserved pAA plasmid. pAA is not present in all strains phenotypically identified as EAEC, and not all pAA plasmids carry aggR and aatA genes; therefore, the assay will not detect all members of this diverse pathotype but is likely to detect most pathogenic strains.

Enterotoxigenic E coli (ETEC): Detects but does not differentiate heat-labile (LT) enterotoxin (ltA) and 2 heat-stable (ST) enterotoxin variants (st1a and st1b). Cross-reactivity may occur with strains of Hafnia alvei, Citrobacter koseri, Citrobacter sedlakii, and Cedecea davisae. LT-II and the STB/ST2 toxins are not detected.

Enteropathogenic E coli (EPEC): Detects eae gene but does not differentiate typical and atypical EPEC. The LEE pathogenicity island, which includes the eae gene, is also found in some Shiga toxin-producing E coli (STEC; O157 and non-O157 strains). Therefore, the results of the eae assay (positive or negative) are only reported when STEC is not detected. When STEC is detected, EPEC will not be reported, regardless of the EPEC assay result. Consequently, the assay cannot distinguish between STEC containing eae and a coinfection of EPEC and STEC. Rare instances of other organisms carrying eae have been documented (eg, Aeromonas species, Citrobacter species, Escherichia albertii, Shigella boydii). Others assays target bfp to detect EPEC and, if positive, reflex to eae detection to characterize isolates as typical or atypical EPEC. The bfp gene is not used to detect EPEC in this assay. For the reasons described above, EPEC may be missed or overcalled.

Shiga toxin-producing E coli (STEC): Detects but does not differentiate Shiga toxin 1 (stx1) and Shiga toxin 2 (stx2) sequences. Shiga toxin-positive results indicate the likely presence of STEC. Rare instances of detection of Shiga-like toxin genes in other genera and species have been reported (eg, Aeromonas caviae, Acinetobacter haemolyticus, Shigella sonnei, Enterobacter cloacae, Citrobacter freundii, Klebsiella pneumoniae).

E coli O157: The E coli O157 assay is not reported as detected unless a Shiga-like toxin gene is also detected. The assay cannot distinguish between infections with a single toxigenic STEC O157 or rare coinfections of STEC (non-O157) with a stx1/stx2-negative E coli O157.

Shigella/Enteroinvasive E coli (EIEC): Detects but does not differentiate Shigella species from enteroinvasive E coli.

Cryptosporidium species: Detects but does not differentiate approximately 23 different Cryptosporidium species, including the most common species (eg, Cryptosporidium hominis and Cryptosporidium parvum), as well as less common species (eg, Cryptosporidium meleagridis, Cryptosporidium felis, Cryptosporidium canis, Cryptosporidium cuniculus, Cryptosporidium muris, and Cryptosporidium suis), but is not expected to detect the very rare species Cryptosporidium bovis, Cryptosporidium ryanae, and Cryptosporidium xiaoi.

Entamoeba histolytica: Detects E histolytica. Entamoeba dispar present in high levels may cross-react.

Giardia: Detects Giardia lamblia (also known as Giardia intestinalis, Giardia duodenalis). A very low frequency of cross-reactivity with the commensal microorganisms Bifidobacterium and Ruminococcus species was observed in the clinical evaluation.

Adenovirus F40/41: Detects but does not differentiate F40 and F41. Does not detect respiratory adenovirus species such as B, C, and E.

Astrovirus: Detects but does not differentiate 8 subtypes (HAstV1-8).

Norovirus GI/GII: Detects but does not differentiate GI and GII. Does not detect genogroup GIV, nonhuman genogroups, or closely related Caliciviruses.

Rotavirus: Detects all strains of rotavirus A. In silico sequence analysis indicates that these assays will not cross-react with rotavirus B and C, which are less common in human disease, or rotavirus D, E, and F, which have not been found in humans. Recent oral rotavirus A vaccines may result in patients passing the virus in stool and be detectable in stool PCR testing. Contamination of specimens with vaccine can cause false-positive rotavirus PCR results. Specimens should not be collected or processed in areas that are exposed to rotavirus A vaccine material.

Sapovirus: Detects but does not differentiate genogroups I, II, IV, V. Genogroup III will not be detected.(FilmArray Gastrointestinal [GI] Panel. BioFire Diagnostics, LLC)

Supportive Data

The BioFire FilmArray Gastrointestinal Panel is an FDA-cleared assay for testing Cary-Blair-preserved stool. A performance verification study of the FilmArray Gastrointestinal Panel was completed at Mayo Clinic (Rochester Minnesota).(1) Five hundred clinical stool specimens (retrospective/stored samples=270; prospective samples=230) were evaluated. Results were compared to a reference standard result, which was defined as an organism identified by routine culture, microscopy, or a consensus (2 out of 3) result obtained by molecular and/or antigen assays. Among 500 clinical stool samples, the assay showed greater than 90% agreement for all targets. Several targets, including Plesiomonas shigelloides, Cyclospora cayetanensis, Entamoeba histolytica, Vibrio species, and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli did not have an adequate number of positive samples to rigorously assess the sensitivity of these targets.

 

In order to supplement the data derived from clinical samples, spiking studies were completed to evaluate the accuracy of all targets, including those that could not be analyzed by clinical specimens alone. This group included: Campylobacter species (n=4), Clostridioides difficile (n=4), Plesiomonas shigelloides (n=4), Salmonella species (n=4), Yersinia enterocolitica (n=4), Vibrio cholerae (n=4), enteroaggregative E coli (n=4), enteropathogenic E. coli (n=8), enterotoxigenic E coli (n=4), E coli O157 (n=4), Shigella species (n=8), Cryptosporidium species (n=4), Cyclospora cayetanensis (n=8), Entamoeba histolytica (n=4), Giardia lamblia (n=4), adenovirus 40/41 (n=4), norovirus (n=8), rotavirus A (n=4), sapovirus (n=4), and astrovirus (n=8). All targets demonstrated 100% agreement with the expected result during the spiking studies.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Khare R, Espy MJ, Cebelinski E, et al: Comparative evaluation of two commercial multiplex panels for detection of gastrointestinal pathogens by use of clinical stool specimens. J Clin Microbiol. 2014 Oct;52(10):3667-3673

2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Incidence and trends of infection with pathogens transmitted commonly through food-foodborne diseases active surveillance network, 10 U.S. sites, 1996-2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2013 Apr 19;62(15):283-287

3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Summary of notifiable diseases-United States, 2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014 Sep 19;61(53):1-121

4. DuPont HL: Persistent Diarrhea: A Clinical Review. JAMA. 2016 Jun 28;315(24):2712-2723. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.7833

5. Lawson PA, Citron DM, Tyrrell KL, Finegold SM: Reclassification of Clostridium difficile as Clostridioides difficile (Hall and O'Toole 1935) Prevot 1938. Anaerobe. 2016 Aug;40:95-99. doi: 10.1016/j.anaerobe.2016.06.008

6. Oren A, Garrity GM: List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2016 Jun;66(6):2456-2458. doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.001181

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

The FilmArray GastrointestinaI Panel is a closed system that performs the chemistry required for isolation, amplification, and detection of nucleic acid from multiple viral, bacterial, and parasitic gastrointestinal pathogens from a single stool specimen of patients suspected to have a gastrointestinal infection. A panel contains reagents in freeze-dried form and is divided into discrete segments where the required chemical processes are carried out. Patient sample and hydration fluid are drawn by vacuum into the panel and then placed into the FilmArray instrument. The detection process operations are automated (nucleic acid purification, first-stage polymerase chain reaction [PCR], second-stage PCR, and melt analysis) and complete in about an hour in this closed system:

-Nucleic Acid Purification:

The sample is lysed by a combination of chemical and mechanical mechanisms and the liberated nucleic acid is captured, washed, and eluted using magnetic bead technology.

 

-First-Stage PCR:

A reverse transcription step is performed to convert viral RNA into complementary DNA prior to amplification. The purified nucleic acid solution is combined with a preheated master mix to initiate the reverse transcription step and subsequent thermocycling for multiplex PCR.

 

-Second-Stage PCR:

Products of first stage PCR are diluted and mixed with fresh PCR reagents containing an intercalating fluorescent DNA dye (LCGreen Plus), which is distributed over the second stage PCR array. The individual wells of the array contain primers for different assays (in triplicate) that target specific nucleic acid sequences from each of the pathogens detected, as well as control template material.

 

-DNA Melting Analysis:

Temperature is slowly increased and fluorescence in each well of the array is monitored and analyzed to generate a melt curve.

 

-Analysis of Melt Curves:

The software evaluates the DNA melt curve for each well to determine if a PCR product was present in that well. If the melt profile indicates the presence of a PCR product, then the analysis software calculates the melting temperature of the curve, which is then compared against the expected range for the assay. When the software determines that the melt curve is positive and in range, it is called positive. When it determines that the melt curve is negative or is not in the appropriate range, it is called negative.

 

-Analysis of Replicates:

Melt curves of each of the 3 replicates for each assay are evaluated to determine the assay result. For an assay to be called positive, at least 2 of the 3 associated melt curves must be called positive, and the temperature for at least 2 of the 3 positive melt curves must be similar (within 1 degree C). Assays that do not meet these criteria are called negative.(Instruction manual: FilmArray Gastrointestinal [GI] Panel CE IVD. BioFire Diagnostics, LLC; RFIT-PRT-0143-05, 05/2021)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Sunday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

1 to 2 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

7 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

87507

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
GIP GI Pathogen Panel, PCR, F 82195-9
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
SRCGI Specimen Source 31208-2
37081 Campylobacter species 82196-7
37082 C. difficile toxin 82197-5
37083 Plesiomonas shigelloides 82198-3
37084 Salmonella species 82199-1
37085 Vibrio species 82200-7
37086 Vibrio cholerae 82201-5
37087 Yersinia species 82202-3
37088 Enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC) 80349-4
37089 Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) 80348-6
37090 Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) 80351-0
37091 Shiga toxin producing E. coli 82203-1
37092 Escherichia coli O157 serotype 82204-9
37093 Shigella/Enteroinvasive E. coli 80350-2
37094 Cryptosporidium species 82205-6
37095 Cyclospora cayetanensis 82206-4
37096 Entamoeba histolytica 82207-2
37097 Giardia 82208-0
37098 Adenovirus F40/41 82209-8
37099 Astrovirus 82210-6
37100 Norovirus GI/GII 82211-4
37101 Rotavirus 82212-2
37103 Sapovirus 82213-0
37262 Interpretation 59464-8

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports