Test Catalog

Test Id : MFBNG

FBN1 Full Gene Sequencing with Deletion/Duplication, Varies

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Providing a genetic evaluation for patients with a personal or family history suggestive of Marfan syndrome and other FBN1-related conditions

 

Establishing a diagnosis for Marfan syndrome and other FBN1-related conditions

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

This test utilizes next-generation sequencing to detect single nucleotide and copy number variants in the FBN1 gene. See Method Description for additional details.

 

Identification of a disease-causing variant may assist with diagnosis, prognosis, clinical management, familial screening, and genetic counseling for Marfan syndrome or other FBN1-related conditions.

 

Prior Authorization is available for this assay.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Sequence Capture and Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing followed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Sanger Sequencing.

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

FBN1 Full Gene Analysis

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

FBN1

Marfan lipodystrophy syndrome

Marfan syndrome

MASS phenotype

MFS

NextGen Sequencing Test

Stiff skin syndrome

Weill-Marchesani syndrome

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Varies

Ordering Guidance

This is a single gene test for the FBN1 gene. The FBN1 gene is also included on multi-gene panels. If testing for multiple overlapping clinical presentations is desired, see MFRGG Marfan, Loeys-Dietz, and Aortopathy Gene Panel, Varies or CAORG / Comprehensive Marfan, Loeys-Dietz, Ehlers-Danlos, and Aortopathy Gene Panel, Varies.

 

Customization of this panel and single gene analysis for any gene present on this panel are available. For more information see CGPH/ Custom Gene Panel, Hereditary, Next-Generation Sequencing, Varies.

 

Targeted testing for familial variants (also called site-specific or known mutations testing) is available for the genes on this panel. See FMTT / Familial Mutation, Targeted Testing, Varies. To obtain more information about this testing option, call 800-533-1710.

Shipping Instructions

Specimen preferred to arrive within 96 hours of collection.

Necessary Information

Prior Authorization is available for this test. Submit the required form with the specimen.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Patient Preparation: A previous bone marrow transplant from an allogenic donor will interfere with testing. Call 800-533-1710 for instructions for testing patients who have received a bone marrow transplant.

 

Specimen Type: Whole blood

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Lavender top (EDTA) or yellow top (ACD)

Acceptable: Any anticoagulant

Specimen Volume: 3 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix blood.

2. Send whole blood specimen in original tube. Do not aliquot.

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient (preferred)/Refrigerated

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

All specimens will be evaluated at Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Varies

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Providing a genetic evaluation for patients with a personal or family history suggestive of Marfan syndrome and other FBN1-related conditions

 

Establishing a diagnosis for Marfan syndrome and other FBN1-related conditions

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

This test utilizes next-generation sequencing to detect single nucleotide and copy number variants in the FBN1 gene. See Method Description for additional details.

 

Identification of a disease-causing variant may assist with diagnosis, prognosis, clinical management, familial screening, and genetic counseling for Marfan syndrome or other FBN1-related conditions.

 

Prior Authorization is available for this assay.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Fibrillin-1 is a 320 kDa, cysteine-rich glycoprotein found in the extracellular matrix. Monomers of fibrillin-1 associate to form microfibrils that provide mechanical stability and elastic properties to connective tissues. Fibrillin-1 is encoded by the FBN1 gene, which contains 65 exons and is located at chromosome 15q21.

 

Disease-causing FBN1 variants are most commonly associated with Marfan syndrome (MFS), an autosomal dominant connective tissue disease involving the ocular, skeletal, and cardiovascular systems. Ocular MFS manifestations most commonly include myopia and ectopia lentis (lens displacement). Skeletal manifestations can include arachnodactyly (abnormally long and slender fingers and toes), dolichostenomelia (long limbs), pectus (chest wall) deformity, and scoliosis. Cardiovascular manifestations, which are the major cause of early morbidity and mortality in MFS, include aortic aneurysm and dissection, as well as mitral valve and tricuspid valve prolapse.(1) The clinical diagnosis of Marfan syndrome is based on the revised Ghent nosology for the Marfan syndrome.(2) There may be significant inter- and intrafamilial variability in the MFS phenotype.

 

Disease-causing FBN1 variants have also been reported in several other rare phenotypes with variable overlap with classic MFS.(3) In some cases, MFS may present in the neonatal period with severe, rapidly progressive disease (previously termed "neonatal Marfan syndrome"). Other FBN1-associated conditions include autosomal dominant ectopia lentis (displacement of the lens of the eye), isolated skeletal features of MFS, MASS phenotype (mitral valve prolapse, aortic diameter increased, stretch marks, skeletal features of MFS), autosomal dominant Weill-Marchesani syndrome (short stature, short fingers, ectopia lentis), Marfan lipodystrophy syndrome, and stiff skin syndrome.

 

Hundreds of disease-causing variants have been identified in FBN1, many of them unique to individual families. There is a wide range of variability, including intrafamilial variability, in expressivity among disease-causing FBN1 variants. Approximately two-thirds of disease-causing FBN1 variants are missense changes, with the majority of these being cysteine substitutions. Approximately 25% to 33% of disease-causing FBN1 variants are de novo, in which an individual has no family history of disease. Disease-causing FBN1 variants have been shown to occur across the gene. Some genotype-phenotype correlations have been observed, including the association with truncating and splicing variants with risk for aortic dissection, cysteine-based variants associated with ectopia lentis, and severe, early onset MFS associated with variants in exons 24 through 32.(4-6)

 

Marfan syndrome has significant clinical overlap with a condition called Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS); however, the vascular phenotype of LDS can be more severe, and LDS has disease-causing variants in different genes (TGFBR1, TGFBR2, SMAD2, SMAD3, TGFB2 and TGFB3). When the diagnosis of MFS, LDS, or a related disorder is suspected, the use of genetic testing is important to verify the diagnosis and provide appropriate clinical management. Single gene analysis of the FBN1 gene may be appropriate when there is a very high index of suspicion for Marfan syndrome based on clinical presentation and Ghent diagnostic criteria, while multigene panel-based testing can be more appropriate when the differential diagnosis includes Marfan syndrome and additional, overlapping phenotypes. Confirmation of the genetic diagnosis also allows for preconception, prenatal, and family counseling.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

All detected variants are evaluated according to American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics recommendations.(7) Variants are classified based on known, predicted, or possible pathogenicity and reported with interpretive comments detailing their potential or known significance.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Clinical Correlations:

Test results should be interpreted in the context of clinical findings, family history, and other laboratory data. Misinterpretation of results may occur if the information provided is inaccurate or incomplete.

 

If testing was performed because of a clinically significant family history, it is often useful to first test an affected family member. Detection of a reportable variant in an affected family member would allow for more informative testing of at-risk individuals.

 

To discuss the availability of additional testing options or for assistance in the interpretation of these results, contact the Mayo Clinic Laboratories genetic counselors at 800-533-1710.

 

Technical Limitations:

Next-generation sequencing may not detect all types of genomic variants. In rare cases, false-negative or false-positive results may occur. The depth of coverage may be variable for some target regions; assay performance below the minimum acceptable criteria or for failed regions will be noted. Given these limitations, negative results do not rule out the diagnosis of a genetic disorder. If a specific clinical disorder is suspected, evaluation by alternative methods can be considered.

 

There may be regions of genes that cannot be effectively evaluated by sequencing or deletion and duplication analysis as a result of technical limitations of the assay, including regions of homology, high guanine-cytosine content, and repetitive sequences. Confirmation of select reportable variants will be performed by alternate methodologies based on internal laboratory criteria.

 

This test is validated to detect 95% of deletions up to 75 base pairs (bp) and insertions up to 47 bp. Deletions-insertions (delins) of 40 or more bp, including mobile element insertions, may be less reliably detected than smaller delins.

 

Deletion/Duplication Analysis:

This analysis targets single and multi-exon deletions/duplications; however, in some instances single exon resolution cannot be achieved due to isolated reduction in sequence coverage or inherent genomic complexity. Balanced structural rearrangements (such as translocations and inversions) may not be detected.

 

This test is not designed to detect low levels of mosaicism or to differentiate between somatic and germline variants. If there is a possibility that any detected variant is somatic, additional testing may be necessary to clarify the significance of results.

 

For detailed information regarding gene specific performance and technical limitations, see Method Description or contact a laboratory genetic counselor.

 

If the patient has had an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant or a recent blood transfusion, results may be inaccurate due to the presence of donor DNA. Call Mayo Clinic Laboratories for instructions for testing patients who have received a bone marrow transplant.

 

Reclassification of Variants:

At this time, it is not standard practice for the laboratory to systematically review previously classified variants on a regular basis. The laboratory encourages healthcare providers to contact the laboratory at any time to learn how the classification of a particular variant may have changed over time.

 

Variant Evaluation:

Evaluation and categorization of variants are performed using published American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology recommendations as a guideline.(7) Other gene-specific guidelines may also be considered. Variants are classified based on known, predicted, or possible pathogenicity and reported with interpretive comments detailing their potential or known significance. Variants classified as benign or likely benign are not reported.

 

Multiple in silico evaluation tools may be used to assist in the interpretation of these results. The accuracy of predictions made by in silico evaluation tools is highly dependent upon the data available for a given gene, and periodic updates to these tools may cause predictions to change over time. Results from in silico evaluation tools should be interpreted with caution and professional clinical judgment.

 

Rarely, incidental or secondary findings may implicate another predisposition or presence of active disease. Incidental findings may include, but are not limited to, results related to the sex chromosomes. These findings will be carefully reviewed to determine whether they will be reported.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1 Dietz H: FBN1-related Marfan syndrome. In: Adam MP, Ardinger HH, Pagon RA, et al, eds. GeneReviews [Internet]. University of Washington, Seattle; 2001. Updated February 17, 2022. Accessed August 1, 2022. Available at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1335/

2. Loeys BL, Dietz HC, Braverman AC, et al: The revised Ghent nosology for the Marfan syndrome. J Med Genet. 2010 Jul;47(7):476-485

3. OMIM. 134797 Fibrillin 1; FBN1. Johns Hopkins University; 1991. Updated November 12, 2020. Accessed August 1, 2022. Available at https://omim.org/entry/134797

4. Baudhuin LM, Kotzer KE, Lagerstedt SA: Increased frequency of FBN1 truncating and splicing variants in Marfan syndrome patients with aortic events. Genet Med. 2015 Mar;17(3):177-187. doi: 10.1038/gim.2014.91

5. Baudhuin LM, Kotzer KE, Lagerstedt SA: Decreased frequency of FBN1 missense variants in Ghent criteria-positive Marfan syndrome and characterization of novel FBN1 variants. J Hum Genet. 2015 May;60(5):241-252. doi: 10.1038/jhg.2015.10

6. Faivre L, Collod-Beroud G, Loeys BL, et al: Effect of mutation type and location on clinical outcome of 1,013 probands with Marfan syndrome or related phenotypes and FBN1 mutations: an international study. Am J Hum Genet. 2007;81(3):454-466. doi: 10.1086/520125

7. Richards S, Aziz N, Bale S, et al: Standards and guidelines for the interpretation of sequence variants: a joint consensus recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Genet Med 2015 May;17(5):405-424.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) and/or Sanger sequencing are performed to test for the presence of variants in coding regions and intron/exon boundaries of FBN1, as well as some other regions that have known disease-causing variants. The human genome reference GRCh37/hg19 build was used for sequence read alignment. At least 99% of the bases are covered at a read depth over 30X. Sensitivity is estimated at above 99% for single nucleotide variants, above 94% for deletion-insertions (delins) less than 40 base pairs (bp), above 95% for deletions up to 75 bp and insertions up to 47 bp. NGS and/or a polymerase chain reaction-based quantitative method is performed to test for the presence of deletions and duplications in FBN1.

 

There may be regions of genes that cannot be effectively evaluated by sequencing or deletion and duplication analysis as a result of technical limitations of the assay, including regions of homology, high guanine-cytosine content, and repetitive sequences.(Unpublished Mayo method)

 

The reference transcript for FBN1 gene is NM_000138.4. Reference transcript numbers may be updated due to transcript re-versioning. Always refer to the final patient report for gene transcript information referenced at the time of testing. Confirmation of select reportable variants may be performed by alternate methodologies based on internal laboratory criteria.

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

Supplemental

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Varies

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

28 to 42 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Whole blood: 2 weeks (if available); Extracted DNA: 3 months

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

81408

Prior Authorization
Prior Authorization may be required by your insurance carrier.

Insurance preauthorization is available for this testing; forms are available.

 

Patient financial assistance may be available to those who qualify. Patients who receive a bill from Mayo Clinic Laboratories will receive information on eligibility and how to apply.

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
MFBNG FBN1 Full Gene Analysis 77114-7
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
617366 Test Description 62364-5
617367 Specimen 31208-2
617368 Source 31208-2
617369 Result Summary 50397-9
617370 Result 82939-0
617371 Interpretation 69047-9
617372 Additional Results In Process
617373 Resources 99622-3
617374 Additional Information 48767-8
617375 Method 85069-3
617376 Genes Analyzed 48018-6
617377 Disclaimer 62364-5
617378 Released By 18771-6

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports

Test Update Resources

Change Type Effective Date
New Test 2022-12-15