Test Catalog

Test Id : WGSDX

Whole Genome Sequencing for Hereditary Disorders, Varies

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Serving as a first-tier test to identify a molecular diagnosis in patients with suspected genetic disorders, which can allow for:

-Better understanding of the natural history/prognosis

-Targeted management (anticipatory guidance, management changes, specific therapies)

-Predictive testing of at-risk family members

-Testing and exclusion of disease in siblings or other relatives

-Recurrence risk assessment

 

Serving as a second-tier test for patients in whom previous genetic testing was negative

 

Providing a potentially cost-effective alternative to establishing a molecular diagnosis compared to performing multiple independent molecular assays (1)

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

This test utilizes next-generation sequencing to detect single nucleotide variants, small insertions and deletions, copy number variants, mitochondrial genome variants, and select repeat expansion variants throughout the genome. See Method Description for additional details.

 

Identification of a disease-causing variant may assist with diagnosis, prognosis, clinical management, recurrence risk assessment, familial screening, and genetic counseling.

 

It is highly recommended that specimens are submitted from the patient (proband), the patient's biological mother, and the patient's biological father (trio analysis). However, testing for the patient only (singleton), the patient and one first-degree relative (duo), or the patient and two first-degree relatives (nontraditional trios) will also be accepted if the patient's biological mother and biological father are not available for testing. Testing typically includes up to two family member comparators. Contact the laboratory for approval to send the patient and three first-degree relatives (quad).

 

Additional first-tier testing may be considered/recommended. For more information see the Ordering Guidance section.

Reflex Tests
Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
CULFB Fibroblast Culture for Genetic Test Yes No
CULAF Amniotic Fluid Culture/Genetic Test Yes No
_STR1 Comp Analysis using STR (Bill only) No, (Bill only) No
_STR2 Add'l comp analysis w/STR (Bill Only) No, (Bill only) No
G227 Number of Comparators for WGSDX No, (Bill Only) No
MATCC Maternal Cell Contamination, B Yes No

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

If a cord blood specimen is received, maternal cell contamination testing will be added and performed at an additional charge.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

No

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Whole Genome Sequencing

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Genome

Genomic

Whole genome

Whole-genome

Whole

Genome sequencing

WGS

Singleton

Duo

Trio

Quad

Non-traditional trio

WGSDX

Sequencing

Next Gen Sequencing Test

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

If a cord blood specimen is received, maternal cell contamination testing will be added and performed at an additional charge.

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Varies

Ordering Guidance

The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics recommends that whole genome sequencing be considered as a first-tier or second-tier test for patients with one or more congenital anomalies, or developmental delay or intellectual disability with onset prior to age 18 years.(1)

 

If a specific diagnosis is suspected, single gene or panel testing may be a more appropriate first-tier testing option.

 

This test is for affected patients (probands) only. For family member specimens being sent as comparators, order CMPRG / Family Member Comparator Specimen for Genome Sequencing, Varies. If this test is ordered on a family member comparator, this test will be canceled and CMPRG performed as the appropriate test.

 

This test is not appropriate for identification of somatic variants in solid tumors or other malignancies. Multiple oncology (cancer) gene panels are available. For more information see Oncology Somatic NGS Testing Guide. If testing for other malignancies is needed, contact the laboratory for test selection guidance.

 

This testing does not provide genotyping of patients for pharmacogenomic purposes. For an assessment for genes with strong drug-gene associations, order PGXQP / Focused Pharmacogenomics Panel, Varies.

 

Targeted testing for familial variants (also called site-specific or known variant testing) is available for variants identified by this test. See FMTT / Familial Mutation, Targeted Testing, Varies.

 

Prenatal specimens (amniocentesis or chorionic villi) are not currently accepted for this test.

Additional Testing Requirements

To order whole genome sequencing for the patient and the family member comparator specimens, see the following steps:

1. Order this test (WGSDX) on the patient (proband).

2. Order CMPRG / Family Member Comparator Specimen for Genome Sequencing, Varies on all family members' specimens being submitted as comparators.

 a. When available, the patient's biological mother and biological father are the preferred family member comparators.

 b. If one or both of the patient's biological parents are not available for testing, specimens from other first-degree relatives (siblings or children) can be used as comparators. Testing typically includes up to two family member comparators. Contact the laboratory at 800-533-1710 for approval to send specimens from other relatives or to send the patient and three first-degree relatives (quad).

 c. The cost of analysis for family member comparator specimens is applied to the patient's (proband's) test. Family members will not be charged separately.

3. Collect patient (proband) and family member specimens. Label specimens with full name and birthdate. Do not label family members' specimens with the proband's name.

4. For each family, complete the following portions of the Whole Genome Sequencing: Ordering Checklist. A separate form is not needed for each family member.

 a. Patient Information is required for all clients

 b. Informed Consent is required for New York State clients

 c. If the patient wishes to opt-out of receiving secondary findings or change the DNA storage selection, select the appropriate boxes in the Informed Consent section.

5. Attach clinic notes from specialists relevant to patient's clinical features, if available.

6. Attach pedigree, if available.

7. Send paperwork to the laboratory along with the specimens. If not sent with the specimens, fax a copy of the paperwork to 507-284-1759, Attn: WGS Genetic Counselors.

 

For more information see Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS): Questions and Answers for Providers.

Shipping Instructions

Specimen preferred to arrive within 96 hours of collection.

Necessary Information

Whole Genome Sequencing: Ordering Checklist is required for all patient, and Informed Consent is required for New York clients. Fill out one form for the family and send with the specimens.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Patient Preparation: A previous bone marrow transplant from an allogenic donor will interfere with testing. Call 800-533-1710 for instructions for testing patients who have received a bone marrow transplant.

Specimen Type: Whole blood

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Lavender top (EDTA) or yellow top (ACD)

Acceptable: Any anticoagulant

Specimen Volume: 3 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix blood.

2. Send whole blood specimen in original tube. Do not aliquot.

Additional Information: If a cord blood specimen is received, MATCC / Maternal Cell Contamination, Molecular Analysis, Varies will be performed at an additional charge; maternal blood sample is required.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

1. Whole Genome Sequencing: Ordering Checklist is required

2. New York Clients-Informed consent is required and is included in the above form. Document on the request form or electronic order that a copy is on file.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

1 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

  All specimens will be evaluated at Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Ambient (preferred)
Frozen
Refrigerated

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Serving as a first-tier test to identify a molecular diagnosis in patients with suspected genetic disorders, which can allow for:

-Better understanding of the natural history/prognosis

-Targeted management (anticipatory guidance, management changes, specific therapies)

-Predictive testing of at-risk family members

-Testing and exclusion of disease in siblings or other relatives

-Recurrence risk assessment

 

Serving as a second-tier test for patients in whom previous genetic testing was negative

 

Providing a potentially cost-effective alternative to establishing a molecular diagnosis compared to performing multiple independent molecular assays (1)

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

This test utilizes next-generation sequencing to detect single nucleotide variants, small insertions and deletions, copy number variants, mitochondrial genome variants, and select repeat expansion variants throughout the genome. See Method Description for additional details.

 

Identification of a disease-causing variant may assist with diagnosis, prognosis, clinical management, recurrence risk assessment, familial screening, and genetic counseling.

 

It is highly recommended that specimens are submitted from the patient (proband), the patient's biological mother, and the patient's biological father (trio analysis). However, testing for the patient only (singleton), the patient and one first-degree relative (duo), or the patient and two first-degree relatives (nontraditional trios) will also be accepted if the patient's biological mother and biological father are not available for testing. Testing typically includes up to two family member comparators. Contact the laboratory for approval to send the patient and three first-degree relatives (quad).

 

Additional first-tier testing may be considered/recommended. For more information see the Ordering Guidance section.

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

If a cord blood specimen is received, maternal cell contamination testing will be added and performed at an additional charge.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

This test uses next-generation sequencing technology to assess the genome of patients with suspected underlying genetic disorders. Indications for whole genome sequencing include but are not limited to:(1,2)

-Patients with one or more congenital anomalies

-Patients with developmental delay or intellectual disability with onset prior to age 18 years

-Patients with a phenotype and/or family history that strongly suggests an underlying genetic cause, yet genetic tests for that phenotype have failed to arrive at a diagnosis (diagnostic odyssey)

-Patients with a phenotype and/or family history that strongly suggests an underlying genetic cause, but the phenotype does not fit with one specific disorder (numerous individual genetic tests would be required for evaluation)

-Patients with a suspected genetic disorder that has numerous underlying genetic causes, making analysis of numerous genes simultaneously a more practical approach than single-gene testing (condition is genetically heterogeneous)

-Patients with a suspected genetic disorder for which specific molecular genetic testing is not yet available

-Patients with an atypical presentation of a genetic disorder

 

It is highly recommended that specimens are also submitted from the patient's biological mother and biological father, which are used for comparison purposes (trio analysis). However, testing for the patient only (singleton), the patient and one first-degree relative (duo), and the patient and two first-degree relatives (nontraditional trios) will also be accepted if the patient's biological mother and biological father are not available for testing. Testing typically includes up to two family member comparators. Contact the laboratory for approval to send the patient and three first-degree relatives (quad).

 

Based upon published reports, a diagnosis is identified by whole genome sequencing (WGS) in up to 44% of cases.(3,4) In comparison to whole exome sequencing (WES), WGS has advantages as it is more comprehensive, detects additional variant types, and includes coverage outside of the exons.(5) WGS has been shown to identify additional diagnoses in patients who previously had WES with negative or inconclusive results.(3,6,7,8)

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Variants of interest are evaluated according to American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics recommendations.(9,10) Variants are classified based on known, predicted, or possible pathogenicity and reported with interpretive comments detailing their potential or known significance.

 

Variants are reported in one of the following categories:

-Likely Causative: Variants with a high degree of suspicion for causing the patient's reported clinical features

-Possibly Relevant: Variants that may be related to the patient's clinical features or variants in genes of uncertain significance

-Secondary Findings: Medically actionable variants unrelated to the indication for testing (see below for additional information)

 

It is possible that a variant may not be recognized as the underlying cause of disease due to incomplete scientific knowledge about the function of all genes in the human genome and/or the impact of variants in those genes.

 

Secondary Findings:

Patients are evaluated for medically actionable secondary findings and these findings are reported in accordance with the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics recommendations.(11) Variants in these genes will not be evaluated or reported if the patient opts out of this evaluation, unless they overlap with the patient's reported clinical features.

 

The presence of a secondary finding in family member comparator samples is stated on the patient's (proband's) report unless family members opt out of secondary findings. If the patient (proband) opts out, secondary findings will not be evaluated or reported in any family member comparators. Secondary findings that are present in family member comparators but absent from the patient (proband) are not evaluated or reported.

 

The absence of a reportable secondary finding does not guarantee that there are no disease-causing or likely disease-causing variants in these genes, as review is limited to known or highly suspected pathogenic findings, and not all regions of these genes are adequately evaluated by this technology.

 

Reanalysis and Raw Data Requests:

It is not a guarantee that patient data will be stored indefinitely. Requests for reanalysis or release of raw data may not be possible, and a new whole genome sequencing order may be required if the original patient data is no longer available or no longer compatible with current bioinformatics processes or analysis tools.

 

Healthcare providers may contact the laboratory at 800-533-1710 to request reanalysis of the patient's genome due to new patient clinical features, advances in genetic knowledge, or changes in testing methodology. A charge may apply for reanalysis.

 

Requests for the raw data obtained from whole genome sequencing should be directed to the laboratory. A separate fee may apply. Raw data will be released for individuals who complete a Mayo Clinic release of information form. If raw data for family member comparators is requested, it will only be released with an accompanying request for the proband's raw data. Contact the laboratory for instructions on completing the release of information form. The laboratory is not responsible for providing software or other tools needed to visualize, filter, or interpret this data.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Clinical Correlations:

Test results should be interpreted in the context of clinical findings, family history, and other laboratory data. Misinterpretation of results may occur if the information provided is inaccurate or incomplete.

 

To discuss the availability of additional testing options or for assistance in the interpretation of these results, contact Mayo Clinic Laboratories genetic counselors at 800-533-1710.

 

Technical Limitations:

Whole genome sequencing may not detect all types of genomic variants; therefore, false-negative results are possible. There may be regions of genes that cannot be effectively evaluated by whole genome sequencing as a result of technical limitations of the assay, including variable depth of coverage, regions of homology, and repetitive sequences. Given these limitations, negative results do not rule out the diagnosis of a genetic disorder. If a specific clinical disorder is suspected, evaluation by alternative methods can be considered. In addition, in rare cases false-positive results may occur; however, false-positive events should be exceedingly rare as confirmation of reportable variants will be performed by alternate methodologies based on internal laboratory criteria.

 

Single Nucleotide Variants:

Genome-wide sensitivity for single nucleotide variants (SNV) is greater than 98% and in noncomplex regions sensitivity is greater than 99.9%.

 

Deletions and Insertions (less than 1000 base pairs):

This test is validated to detect greater than 99% of deletions and insertions (delins) up to 50 base pairs (bp) for noncomplex regions. Performance in complex regions is slightly reduced with sensitivities of 92% to 99% depending on the size of the delins event. Although detected by this assay, performance for larger delins (51-999 bp) is not comprehensively established.

 

Copy Number Variants (greater than or equal to 1000 base pairs):

Genome-wide sensitivity for copy number variants (CNV) detectable by chromosomal microarray is >99.9% as established by a comprehensive comparison with clinically validated nonmosaic CNV detected by chromosomal microarray.

 

Additional Variant Classes:

A variety of additional variant classes can be detected by this test, including mitochondrial variants, repeat expansions, select spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)-associated variants, balanced structural rearrangements, and mosaic variants of all classes. A limited validation of each of these additional variant classes was conducted before inclusion in this assay; however, comprehensive assessment of sensitivity and false-negative rate has not been established. These variants will be evaluated per laboratory protocol, and findings of clinical relevance will be reported following confirmation with validated laboratory methods. Importantly, the sensitivity and performance for these variant classes is not expected to meet that of current gold-standard testing methodologies; therefore, additional testing may be indicated if there is clinical suspicion for a disorder involving these variant classes. Specific technical limitations for each class are described below.

 

Mitochondrial Genome Variants:

This assay can detect mitochondrial genome SNV and small delins with heteroplasmy levels above 5%; however, comprehensive sensitivity/false-negative rate is not established. Detection of large deletion and duplication events involving the mitochondrial genome is not available with the current analysis. Any clinically relevant and reportable mitochondrial variants detected will be confirmed with standard validated methods prior to reporting.

 

Repeat Expansion Variants:

Select short tandem repeats (STR; also known as repeat expansions) in pathogenic ranges can be detected with this assay; however, comprehensive sensitivity/false negative rate is not established. STR loci included in this assay are: C9orf72, CSTB, ATN1, FXN, FMR1, HTT, AR, ATXN1, ATXN2, ATXN3, CACNA1A, and ATXN7. Only loci overlapping the patient's (proband's) clinical features will be evaluated and reported. All repeat expansions meeting laboratory reporting criteria will be confirmed and further characterized by standard validated methods prior to reporting.

 

SMA Variants:

Absence of the definitive C nucleotide in exon 7 of SMN1 (NM_000344.3:c.840C) indicating the homozygous loss of SMN1 exon 7 is detectable by this assay; however, comprehensive sensitivity/false-negative rate is not established. This assay does not identify SMN1 or SMN2 variants outside of this specific single nucleotide change. This assay does not detect SMN1 carrier status or phase of SMN1/SMN2 alleles. All variants will be confirmed by validated laboratory methods before reporting.

 

Balanced Structural Rearrangements:

This assay does not involve comprehensive evaluation of balanced structural rearrangements (eg, translocations and inversions). However, select genomic regions may be evaluated and balanced events reported when there is a directed clinical focus (eg, known family history or specific locus of high clinical suspicion communicated to the laboratory). Comprehensive sensitivity/false-negative rate is not established. All reported rearrangements will be confirmed by validated laboratory methods before reporting (additional specimen may be required for further characterization).

 

Mosaicism:

This assay is not designed to detect mosaicism or to differentiate between somatic and germline variants. Mosaic variants may be detected; however, comprehensive limits of detection for mosaic events are not established. All mosaic variants meeting laboratory reporting criteria will be confirmed by validated laboratory methods before reporting.

 

If the patient has had an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant or a recent blood transfusion, results may be inaccurate due to the presence of donor DNA. Call Mayo Clinic Laboratories for instructions for testing patients who have received a bone marrow transplant.

 

Reclassification of Variants:

At this time, it is not standard practice for the laboratory to systematically review previously classified variants on a regular basis. The laboratory encourages healthcare providers to contact the laboratory at any time to learn how the classification of a particular variant may have changed over time. Due to broadening genetic knowledge, it is possible that the laboratory may discover new information of relevance to the patient. Should that occur, the laboratory may issue an amended report.

 

Variant Evaluation:

Evaluation and categorization of variants are performed using published American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) recommendations as a guideline.(9,10) Other gene-specific guidelines may also be considered. Variants are classified based on known, predicted, or possible pathogenicity and reported with interpretive comments detailing their potential or known significance. Variants classified as benign or likely benign are not reported.

 

Rarely, incidental or secondary findings outside of the genes recommended by the ACMG may implicate another predisposition or presence of active disease. These findings will be carefully reviewed to determine whether they will be reported.

 

Data Sharing:

Deidentified variant information may be shared in public genetic databases, such ClinVar and Matchmaker Exchange.

 

A genetic consultation is recommended for patients undergoing this test, both prior to testing and after results are available.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Manickam K, McClain MR, Demmer LA, et al: Exome and genome sequencing for pediatric patients with congenital anomalies or intellectual disability: an evidence-based clinical guideline of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomes (ACMG). Genet Med. 2021 Nov;23(11):2029-2037. doi: 10.1038/s41436-021-01242-6

2. ACMG Board of Directors: Points to consider for informed consent for genome/exome sequencing. Genet Med. 2013 Sep;15(9):748-749. doi: 10.1038/gim.2013.94

3. Lionel AC, Costain G, Monfared N, et al: Improved diagnostic yield compared with targeted gene sequencing panels suggests a role for whole-genome sequencing as a first-tier genetic test. Genet Med. 2018 Apr;20(4):435-443. doi: 10.1038/gim.2017.119

4. Lee HF, Chi CS, Tsai CR: Diagnostic yield and treatment impact of whole-genome sequencing in paediatric neurological disorders. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2021 Aug;63(8):934-938. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.14722

5. Austin-Tse CA, Jobanputra V, Perry DL, et al: Best practices for the interpretation and reporting of clinical whole genome sequencing. NPJ Genom Med. 2022 Apr 8;7(1):27. doi: 10.1038/s41525-022-00295-z

6. Splinter K, Adams DR, Bacino CA, et al: Effect of genetic diagnosis on patients with previously undiagnosed disease. N Engl J Med. 2018 Nov 29;379(22):2131-2139. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1714458

7. Bertoli-Avella AM, Beetz C, Ameziane N, et al: Successful application of genome sequencing in a diagnostic setting: 1007 index cases from a clinically heterogeneous cohort. Eur J Hum Genet. 2021 Jan;29(1):141-153. doi: 10.1038/s41431-020-00713-9

8. Palmer EE, Sachdev R, Macintosh R, et al: Diagnostic yield of whole genome sequencing after nondiagnostic exome sequencing or gene panel in developmental and epileptic encephalopathies. Neurology. 2021 Mar 30;96(13):e1770-e1782. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000011655

9. Richards S, Aziz N, Bale S, et al: Standards and guidelines for the interpretation of sequence variants: a joint consensus recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Genet Med. 2015 May;17(5):405-24. doi: 10.1038/gim.2015.30

10. Riggs ER, Andersen EF, Cherry AM, et al: Technical standards for the interpretation and reporting of constitutional copy-number variants: a joint consensus recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) and the Clinical Genome Resource (ClinGen). Genet Med. 2020;22(2):245-257. doi: 10.1038/s41436-019-0686-8. Erratum in: Genet Med. 2021 Nov;23(11):2230

11. Miller DT, Lee K, Gordon AS, et al: Recommendations for reporting of secondary findings in clinical exome and genome sequencing, 2021 update: a policy statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG). Genet Med. 2021 Aug;23(8):1391-1398. doi: 10.1038/s41436-021-01171-4

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

Supplemental

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Varies

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

84 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Whole blood: 2 weeks (if available); Extracted DNA: 3 months; Cord blood: 1 month

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their account representative. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

81425-Patient only

81425, 81426-Patient and one family member comparator sample (duo) (as appropriate)

81425, 81426 x 2-Patient and two family member comparator samples (trio or non-traditional trio) (as appropriate)

81425, 81426 x 3-Patient and three family member comparator samples (quad) (as appropriate)

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
WGSDX Whole Genome Sequencing 86206-0
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
614364 Interpretation 69047-9
614464 Specimen 31208-2
614317 Source 31208-2
614473 Released By 18771-6

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports

Test Update Resources

Change Type Effective Date
New Test 2022-12-20