Test Catalog

Test Id : ROXUR

Oxalate, Random, Urine

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Monitoring therapy for kidney stones using random urine specimens

 

Identifying increased urinary oxalate as a risk factor for stone formation

 

Diagnosis of primary or secondary hyperoxaluria

Profile Information
A profile is a group of laboratory tests that are ordered and performed together under a single Mayo Test ID. Profile information lists the test performed, inclusive of the test fee, when a profile is ordered and includes reporting names and individual availability.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
OXCO1 Oxalate, Random, U (mmol/L) No Yes
OXCO3 Oxalate, Random, U (mg/L) No Yes
CRETR Creatinine, Random, U No Yes
RAT11 Oxalate/Creatinine Ratio No Yes

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Enzymatic

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Oxalate, Random, U

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Hyperoxaluria

Oxalate

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Urine

Ordering Guidance

A timed 24-hour urine collection is the preferred specimen for measuring and interpreting this urinary analyte. Order OXU / Oxalate, 24 Hour, Urine.

 

Random collections normalized to urinary creatinine may be of some clinical use in patients who cannot collect a 24-hour specimen, typically small children. Therefore, this random test is offered for children under 16 years old.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Patient Preparation: Avoid taking large doses (>2 g orally/24 hours) of vitamin C prior to specimen collection.

Supplies: Urine Tubes, 10 mL tube (T068)

Container/Tube: 10-mL plastic tube or a clean, plastic container with no metal cap

Specimen Volume: 7 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Collect a random urine specimen.

2. No preservative.

3. Specimen pH should be between 4.5 and 8 and will stay in this range if kept refrigerated. Specimens with pH above 8 may indicate bacterial contamination, and testing will be cancelled. Do not attempt to adjust pH as it will adversely affect results.

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Renal Diagnostics Test Request (T830) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

6 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

All specimens will be evaluated at Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Urine Refrigerated (preferred) 14 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Monitoring therapy for kidney stones using random urine specimens

 

Identifying increased urinary oxalate as a risk factor for stone formation

 

Diagnosis of primary or secondary hyperoxaluria

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Oxalate is an end product of glyoxalate and glycerate metabolism. Humans have no enzyme capable of degrading oxalate, therefore it must be eliminated by the kidney.

 

In tubular fluid, oxalate can combine with calcium to form calcium oxalate stones. In addition, high concentrations of oxalate may be toxic to renal cells.

 

Increased urinary oxalate excretion results from inherited enzyme deficiencies (primary hyperoxaluria), gastrointestinal disorders associated with fat malabsorption (secondary hyperoxaluria), or increased oral intake of oxalate-rich foods or vitamin C.

 

Since increased urinary oxalate excretion promotes calcium oxalate stone formation, various strategies are employed to lower oxalate excretion.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

No established reference values

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

An elevated urine oxalate (>0.46 mmol/day) may suggest disease states such as secondary hyperoxaluria (fat malabsorption), primary hyperoxaluria (alanine glyoxalate transferase enzyme deficiency, glyceric dehydrogenase deficiency), idiopathic hyperoxaluria, or excess dietary oxalate or vitamin C intake.

 

In stone-forming patients, high urinary oxalate values, sometimes even in the upper limit of the normal range, are treated to reduce the risk of stone formation.

 

The urinary oxalate creatinine ratio varies widely in young children from <0.35 mmol/mL at birth, to <0.15 mmol/mL at 1 year, to <0.10 mmol/mL at 10 years, and <0.05 mmol/mL at 20 years of age (see table below).(1)

Oxalate/Creatinine (mg/mg)

Age (year)

95th Percentile

0-0.5

<0.175

0.5-1

<0.139

1-2

<0.103

2-3

<0.08

3-5

<0.064

5-7

<0.056

7-17

<0.048

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Ingestion of ascorbic acid (>2 g/day) may falsely elevate the measured urinary oxalate excretion.

 

Do not collect in metal-capped containers.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Matos V, Van Melle G, Werner D, Bardy D, Guignard JP: Urinary oxalate and urate to creatinine ratios in a healthy pediatric population. Am J Kidney Dis. 1999 Aug;34(2):e1

2. Wilson DM, Liedtke RR: Modified enzyme-based colorimetric assay of urinary and plasma oxalate with improved sensitivity and no ascorbate interference: reference values and sample handling procedures. Clin Chem. 1991 Jul;37(7):1229-1235

3. Lieske JC, Wang X. Heritable traits that contribute to nephrolithiasis. Urolithiasis. 2019 Feb;47(1):5-10

4. Lieske JC, Turner ST, Edeh SN, Smith JA, Kardia SLR: Heritability of urinary traits that contribute to nephrolithiasis. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2014 May;9(5):943-950

5. Zhao F, Bergstralh EJ, Mehta RA, et al: Predictors of Incident ESRD among Patients with Primary Hyperoxaluria Presenting Prior to Kidney Failure. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2016 Jan 7;11(1):119-126

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

The assay utilizes oxalate oxidase, which oxidizes oxalate to carbon dioxide and peroxide. In the presence of peroxidase, the peroxide oxidatively couples 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone and 3-dimethylaminobenzoic acid to form indamine dye, which is measured spectrophotometrically at 580 nm.(Kasidas GP, Rose GA: Continuous-flow assay for urinary oxalate using immobilized oxalate oxidase. Ann Clin Biochem 1985;22:412-419; package insert: Oxalate kit. Trinity Biotech; V 07/2016)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Saturday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

3 to 5 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

7 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been modified from the manufacturer's instructions. Its performance characteristics were determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

83945

82570

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
ROXUR Oxalate, Random, U 13483-3
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
CRETR Creatinine, Random, U 2161-8
OXCO1 Oxalate, Random, U (mmol/L) 15086-2
OXCO3 Oxalate, Random, U (mg/L) 2700-3
RAT11 Oxalate/Creatinine Ratio 13483-3

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports