Test Catalog

Test Id : F81B

Hemophilia A F8 Gene, Intron 1 Inversion Known Mutation, Whole Blood

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

First-tier molecular testing for males affected with severe hemophilia A, when a familial intron 1 inversion has been previously identified

 

Determining hemophilia A carrier status for at-risk females, ie, individuals with a family history of severe hemophilia A due to F8 intron 1 inversion

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

Detects the intron 1 inversion in the F8 gene. The intron 1 inversion mutation accounts for approximately 5% of mutations associated with severe hemophilia A.

 

Intron 1 inversion known mutation analysis can only be performed for individuals when an intron 1 inversion has already been identified in the family. If a mutation has not already been identified in the family, order F8INV / Hemophilia A F8 Gene, Intron 1 and 22 Inversion Mutation Analysis, Whole Blood.

Reflex Tests
Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
MATCC Maternal Cell Contamination, B Yes No

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Maternal cell contamination testing will be performed for all cord blood specimens. A maternal whole blood sample with an order for MATCC / Maternal Cell Contamination, Molecular Analysis, Blood is also required to perform this test. (See Specimen Required for more details.)

 

The following algorithms are available in Special Instructions:

-Hemophilia Carrier Testing Algorithm

-Hemophilia Testing Algorithm

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

HA F8 Intron 1 Inversion KM, B

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Hemophilia A

HA

Factor VIII gene

F8

Intron 1 inversion

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Maternal cell contamination testing will be performed for all cord blood specimens. A maternal whole blood sample with an order for MATCC / Maternal Cell Contamination, Molecular Analysis, Blood is also required to perform this test. (See Specimen Required for more details.)

 

The following algorithms are available in Special Instructions:

-Hemophilia Carrier Testing Algorithm

-Hemophilia Testing Algorithm

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Whole blood

Ordering Guidance

If a familial mutation has not been identified in a severely affected hemophilia A patient the F8 gene intron 1 and 22 inversion analysis (F8INV / Hemophilia A F8 Gene, Intron 1 and 22 Inversion Mutation Analysis, Whole Blood) should be ordered.

 

For evaluation of a patient with bleeding symptoms and no known personal history of a bleeding disorder consider BDIAL / Bleeding Diathesis Profile or the specific factor assays.

Additional Testing Requirements

Due to the complexity of testing nonperipheral blood, consultation with the laboratory is required for all cord blood samples. Order F822B / Hemophilia A F8 Gene, Intron 22 Inversion Known Mutation, Whole Blood on the cord blood specimen (only 1 sample tube required) and order MATCC / Maternal Cell Contamination, Molecular Analysis, Blood on the maternal specimen.

Necessary Information

Hemophilia A Patient Information is required, see Special Instructions. Testing may proceed without the patient information, however, the information aids in providing a more thorough interpretation. Ordering providers are strongly encouraged to fill out the form and send with the specimen.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Patient Preparation: A previous bone marrow transplant from an allogenic donor will interfere with testing. Call 800-533-1710 for instructions for testing patients who have received a bone marrow transplant.

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Lavender top (EDTA)

Acceptable: Yellow top (ACD) or blue top (sodium citrate)

Specimen Volume: 3 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix blood.

2. Send specimen in original tube.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

1. New York Clients-Informed consent is required. Document on the request form or electronic order that a copy is on file. The following documents are available in Special Instructions:

-Informed Consent for Genetic Testing (T576)

-Informed Consent for Genetic Testing-Spanish (T826)

2. If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Coagulation Test Request (T753) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

1 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis OK
Gross lipemia OK

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Whole blood Ambient (preferred) 7 days
Frozen 7 days
Refrigerated 7 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

First-tier molecular testing for males affected with severe hemophilia A, when a familial intron 1 inversion has been previously identified

 

Determining hemophilia A carrier status for at-risk females, ie, individuals with a family history of severe hemophilia A due to F8 intron 1 inversion

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

Detects the intron 1 inversion in the F8 gene. The intron 1 inversion mutation accounts for approximately 5% of mutations associated with severe hemophilia A.

 

Intron 1 inversion known mutation analysis can only be performed for individuals when an intron 1 inversion has already been identified in the family. If a mutation has not already been identified in the family, order F8INV / Hemophilia A F8 Gene, Intron 1 and 22 Inversion Mutation Analysis, Whole Blood.

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Maternal cell contamination testing will be performed for all cord blood specimens. A maternal whole blood sample with an order for MATCC / Maternal Cell Contamination, Molecular Analysis, Blood is also required to perform this test. (See Specimen Required for more details.)

 

The following algorithms are available in Special Instructions:

-Hemophilia Carrier Testing Algorithm

-Hemophilia Testing Algorithm

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Hemophilia A (HA) is caused by a deficiency of clotting factor VIII (FVIII). HA is an X-linked recessive bleeding disorder that affects approximately 1 in 5000 males. Males are typically affected with bleeding symptoms, whereas carrier females generally do not have bleeding symptoms but are at risk of having affected sons. Rarely, approximately 10% of carrier females have FVIII activity levels below 35% and are at risk for bleeding.

 

Bleeding, the most common clinical symptom in individuals with HA, correlates with FVIII activity levels. FVIII activity levels below 1% are associated with severe disease, 1% to 5% activity with moderate disease, and 5% to 40% with mild disease. In males with severe deficiency, spontaneous bleeding may occur. In individuals with mild HA, bleeding may occur only after surgery or trauma.

 

FVIII is encoded by the factor VIII (F8) gene. Approximately 98% of patients with a diagnosis of HA are found to have a mutation in F8 (ie, intron 1 and 22 inversions, point mutations, insertions, and deletions). The intron 1 inversion mutation accounts for approximately 5% of mutations associated with severe HA. These inversions are typically not identified in patients with mild or moderate HA.

 

Intron 1 inversion known mutation analysis is only recommended for individuals when an intron 1 inversion has already been identified in the family.

 

If a familial mutation has not been identified in a severely affected HA patient the F8 gene intron 1 and 22 inversion analysis (F8INV / Hemophilia A F8 Gene, Intron 1 and 22 Inversion Mutation Analysis, Whole Blood) should be ordered.

 

If the intron 1 inversion analysis is negative, the tested individual has not inherited the familial mutation.

 

It is recommended that the F8 mutation be confirmed in the affected male or obligate carrier female prior to testing at-risk individuals. Affected males are identified by FVIII activity (F8A / Coagulation Factor VIII Activity Assay, Plasma) and clinical evaluation, while obligate carrier females are identified by family history assessment. If the intron inversion assays do not detect an inversion in these individuals, additional analysis (ie, F8 sequencing) may be able to identify the familial mutation. Of note, not all females with an affected son are germline carriers of a F8 mutation, as de novo mutations in F8 do occur. Approximately 20% of mothers of isolated cases do not have an identifiable germline F8 mutation. Importantly, there is a small risk for recurrence even when the familial F8 mutation is not identified in the mother of the affected patient due to the possibility of germline mosaicism.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

The interpretive report will include assay information, background information, and conclusions based on the test results.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Obtaining a medical genetics or hematology (coagulation) consultation prior to ordering is advisable. Consultations with the Mayo Clinic Special Coagulation Clinic, Molecular Hematopathology Laboratory, or Thrombophilia Center are available for DNA diagnosis cases. This may be especially helpful in complex cases or in situations where the diagnosis is atypical or uncertain.

 

Intron 1 inversion known mutation analysis is only recommended for individuals when an intron 1 inversion has already been identified in the family.

 

This assay detects only the F8 intron 1 inversion mutation. Thus, a negative result does not exclude the presence of other mutations in F8.

 

The intron 1 inversion mutation targeted by this assay is found in approximately 5% of individuals with severe hemophilia A; if an intron 1 inversion has not been already identified in the family, the assay may be uninformative.

 

Test results should be interpreted in the context of clinical findings, family history, and other laboratory data. Errors in our interpretation of results may occur if information given is inaccurate or incomplete.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Antonarakis SE, Rossiter JP, Young M, et al: Factor VIII gene inversions in severe hemophilia A: results of an international consortium study. Blood 1995;86(6):2206-2212

2. Rossiter JP, Young M, Kimberland ML, et al: Factor VIII gene inversions causing severe hemophilia A originate almost exclusively in male germ cells. Hum Mol Genet 1994;3(7):1035-1039

3. Castaldo G, D'Argenio V, Nardiello P, et al: Haemophilia A: molecular insights. Clin Chem Lab Med 2007;45(4):450-461

4. Johnsen JM, Fletcher SN, Huston H, et al: Novel approach to genetic analysis and results in 3000 hemophilia patients enrolled in the My Life, Our Future initiative. Blood Adv 2017 May;1(13):824-834. doi:10.1182/bloodadvances.2016002923

5. Pruthi RK: Hemophilia: A Practical Approach to Genetic Testing. Mayo Clin Proc 2005;80:1485-1499

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Genomic DNA from whole blood or cord blood is amplified by PCR with primers specific for the F8 intron 1 inversion mutation.(Bagnall RD, Waseem N, Green PM, Giannelli F: Recurrent inversion breaking intron 1 of the factor VIII gene is a frequent cause of severe hemophilia A. Blood 2002;99(1):168-174; Meijer P, Verbruggen, Spannagi M: Clotting factors and inhibitors: Assays and Interpretation. Chapter 33. In Laboratory Hematology Practice. Edited by K Kottke-Marchant. Wiley Blackwell Publishing. 2012, pp 435-446)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Performed weekly

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

14 to 21 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Whole Blood: 2 weeks; DNA: Indefinitely

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

81403

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports