Test Catalog

Test Id : AATHI

Thrombophilia Profile Interpretation

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Evaluating patients with thrombosis or hypercoagulability states

 

Detecting a lupus-like anticoagulant; dysfibrinogenemia; disseminated intravascular coagulation/intravascular coagulation and fibrinolysis

 

Detecting a deficiency of antithrombin, protein C, or protein S

 

Detecting activated protein C resistance (and the factor V R506Q [Leiden] mutation if indicated)

 

Detecting the prothrombin G20210A mutation

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Only orderable as part of a profile. For more information see AATHR / Thrombophilia Profile, Plasma.

 

Medical Interpretation

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Thrombophilia Interpretation

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Clotting

Coag

Hypercoagulability

Thrombophilia Profile

Thrombosis

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Plasma Na Cit

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Only orderable as part of a profile. For more information see AATHR / Thrombophilia Profile, Plasma.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

1 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia Reject
Gross icterus Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma Na Cit Frozen (preferred) 14 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Evaluating patients with thrombosis or hypercoagulability states

 

Detecting a lupus-like anticoagulant; dysfibrinogenemia; disseminated intravascular coagulation/intravascular coagulation and fibrinolysis

 

Detecting a deficiency of antithrombin, protein C, or protein S

 

Detecting activated protein C resistance (and the factor V R506Q [Leiden] mutation if indicated)

 

Detecting the prothrombin G20210A mutation

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Thrombophilia is defined as an acquired or familial disorder associated with thrombosis. The clinical presentation of an underlying thrombophilia predominantly includes venous thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, superficial vein thrombosis). Other manifestations that have been linked to thrombophilia include recurrent miscarriage and complications of pregnancy (eg, severe preeclampsia, abruptio placentae, intrauterine growth restriction, stillbirth). The current thrombophilia does not predict for arterial thrombosis. Demographic or environmental exposures that compound the risk of venous thromboembolism among persons with a thrombophilia include increasing age, male gender, obesity, surgery, trauma, hospitalization for medical illness, malignant neoplasm, prolonged immobility during travel (eg, prolonged airplane travel), oral contraceptive use, estrogen therapy (both oral and transdermal), tamoxifen and raloxifene therapy, and infertility drugs. Central venous catheters and transvenous pacemaker wires increase the risk for upper extremity deep vein thrombosis; this risk is unrelated to thrombophilia.

 

Inherited thrombophilias include:

-Deficiency due to reduced plasma protein level or dysfunctional protein of:

  - Antithrombin

  - Protein C

  - Protein S

-Dysfibrinogenemias (rare)

-Activated protein C resistance due to the factor V R506Q (Leiden) mutation

-Prothrombin G20210A mutation

 

Acquired thrombophilias include a lupus-like anticoagulant (antiphospholipid antibodies) and disseminated intravascular coagulation/intravascular coagulation and fibrinolysis (DIC/ICF). DIC/ICF may cause thrombotic as well as hemorrhagic events. Positive tests for DIC/ICF can also occur as consequences of thrombosis.

 

Acquired deficiencies of fibrinogen, protein C, protein S, and antithrombin may be found in conjunction with liver disease (they are produced by the liver) or DIC/ICF and are of uncertain significance with respect to thrombosis risk.

 

Acquired deficiencies of protein C and protein S are also found in patients with liver disease who are being treated with oral anticoagulants (eg, warfarin, Coumadin), since both of these proteins are dependent upon the action of vitamin K for normal function.

 

Acquired protein S deficiency also occurs in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, pregnancy or estrogen therapy, nephrotic syndrome, and sickle cell anemia. In acute illness, the level of acute-phase reactants rise (including C4b binding protein, which binds and inactivates protein S in the plasma) and the portion of bound protein S also rises leaving a lower proportion of free protein S. The significance of acquired protein S deficiency with respect to thrombosis risk is unknown.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Only orderable as part of a profile. For more information see AATHR / Thrombophilia Profile, Plasma.

 

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

An interpretive report will be provided.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

To obtain the most useful information, this testing is best performed in medically-stable patients who are not receiving oral vitamin K inhibitor (eg, warfarin, Coumadin), heparin, low-molecular-weight heparin, hirudin (Refludan), argatroban, fibrinolytic agents (eg, streptokinase, tissue plasminogen activator), or platelet GPIIbIIIa (alpha IIb beta3) inhibitors (abxicimab [ReoPro], tirofiban, aggrastat). However, useful information can be obtained in patients receiving anticoagulation therapy.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Pengo V, Tripodi A, Reber G, et al: Update of the guidelines for lupus anticoagulant detection. Subcommittee on Lupus Anticoagulant/Antiphospholipid Antibody of the Scientific and Standardisation Committee of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis. J Thromb Haemost 2009;7(10):1737-1740

2. Keeling D, Mackie I, Moore GW, et al: Guidelines on the investigation and management of antiphospholipid syndrome. Br J Haemotol 2012;157(1):47-58

3. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Laboratory Testing for the Lupus Anticoagulant; Approved Guideline. CLSI document H60-A. Wayne, PA, Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute, 2014

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

A coagulation expert (clinician or hematopathologist) reviews the laboratory data and an interpretive report is issued.(Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

4 to 7 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

7 days for plasma, 1 month for whole blood

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

Not Applicable

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

85390-26 Special Coagulation Interpretation

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports