Test Catalog

Test Id : B210R

BCR/ABL1, p210, mRNA Detection, Reverse Transcription-PCR (RT-PCR), Quantitative, Reflex, Varies

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Diagnostic workup of patients with a high probability of BCR-ABL1-positive hematopoietic neoplasms, particularly chronic myeloid leukemia and Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-lymphoblastic leukemia), to provide a pretreatment quantitative level of BCR-ABL1 mRNA transcript if the initial diagnostic RT-PCR screen is positive

 

When positive, the reflex test provides a quantitative value for the corresponding e13-a2 or e14-a2 (p210) BCR-ABL1 mRNA fusion variant

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Only orderable as a reflex. See BCRFX / BCR/ABL1 Qualitative Diagnostic Assay with Reflex to BCR/ABL1 p190 Quantitative Assay or BCR/ABL1 p210.

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

BCR/ABL1, p210, Quant, Reflex

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Philadelphia Chromosome Ph1 Bone Marrow/Blood

Philadelphia

BCR/ABL

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)

CML (Chronic myeloid/Myelogenous Leukemia)

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Varies

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Only orderable as a reflex. See BCRFX / BCR/ABL1 Qualitative Diagnostic Assay with Reflex to BCR/ABL1 p190 Quantitative Assay or BCR/ABL1 p210.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

1 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Moderately to severely clotted Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Refrigerated (preferred) 72 hours PURPLE OR PINK TOP/EDTA
Ambient 72 hours PURPLE OR PINK TOP/EDTA

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Diagnostic workup of patients with a high probability of BCR-ABL1-positive hematopoietic neoplasms, particularly chronic myeloid leukemia and Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-lymphoblastic leukemia), to provide a pretreatment quantitative level of BCR-ABL1 mRNA transcript if the initial diagnostic RT-PCR screen is positive

 

When positive, the reflex test provides a quantitative value for the corresponding e13-a2 or e14-a2 (p210) BCR-ABL1 mRNA fusion variant

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

The t(9;22)/BCR-ABL1 abnormality is associated with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and "Philadelphia positive" acute lymphoblastic leukemia of B-cell lineage (Ph ALL). Very rarely, this abnormality has also been identified in cases of acute myeloid leukemia and T-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma. The fusion gene on the derivative chromosome 22q11 produces a chimeric BCR-ABL1 mRNA transcript and corresponding translated oncoprotein. Despite substantial breakpoint heterogeneity at the DNA level, a consistent set of BCR-ABL1 mRNA transcripts are produced that can be readily and sensitively detected by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) technique. In CML, breakpoints in BCR nearly always result in either exons 13 or 14 (e13, e14) joined to exon 2 of ABL1 (a2). The corresponding e13-a2 or e14-a2 BCR-ABL1 mRNAs produce a 210 kD protein (p210). Rare cases of CML are characterized by an e19-a2 type mRNA with a corresponding p230 protein. In Ph ALL, the majority of cases harbor an e1-a2 BCR-ABL1 mRNA transcript, producing a p190 protein, although some ALL patients may alternatively present with the e13/e14-a2 or p210 type fusion. This assay provides information at the time of diagnosis regarding the presence (and specific mRNA type) or absence of the BCR-ABL1 mRNA. If positive, the reflex test will follow to provide an initial quantitative level of the specific BCR-ABL1 transcript. For example, when positive for the e13/e14-a2 (p210) type mRNA, the reflex test provides a corresponding p210 quantitative value. Results from this test are also useful to determine the correct quantitative assay for subsequent monitoring of transcript levels (ie, p190 or p210) during tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Only orderable as a reflex. See BCRFX / BCR/ABL1 Qualitative Diagnostic Assay with Reflex to BCR/ABL1 p190 Quantitative Assay or BCR/ABL1 p210.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

An interpretive report will be provided under the BCRFX / BCR/ABL1 Qualitative Diagnostic Assay with Reflex to BCR/ABL1 p190 Quantitative Assay or BCR/ABL1 p210.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

In general, the results of this assay cannot be directly compared with results generated from other PCR assays, including identical assays performed in other laboratories. Monitoring should be performed using the same method and laboratory for each subsequent specimen.

 

If a rare alternative BCR-ABL1 mRNA transcript (eg, e19-a2/p230, or other) is identified by diagnostic RT-PCR, a reflex test cannot be performed as quantitative testing for these rare transcripts is not currently available.

 

For diagnostic reflex testing to quantitative RT-PCR for the p210 type mRNA, only normalized BCR-ABL1/ABL1 values greater than or equal to 1% (IS) will be numerically reported. The reflex test is intended for use at diagnosis, when relatively high levels of BCR-ABL1 p210 mRNA are present, and to establish the initial baseline prior to tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy. Levels below 1% will be most likely consistent with posttherapy samples and will, therefore, only be reported qualitatively for this assay (eg, "a low level of BCR-ABL1 p210 mRNA is present"). In this case, a recommendation will be provided for submission of a new EDTA anticoagulated peripheral blood or bone marrow specimen to determine and report a more accurate quantitative value using BCRAB / BCR/ABL1, p210, mRNA Detection, Reverse Transcription-PCR (RT-PCR), Quantitative, Monitoring Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML). Given the nature of the reflex test, normalized BCR-ABL1/ABL1 mRNA levels below 1% are not considered reliable and accurate quantification will require submission of a new blood or marrow specimen for the specific BCRAB test.

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

The assay is performed using an automated platform, GeneXpert (Cepheid). All subsequent reactions are performed within the cartridge and the results are processed and calculated by the instrument. Quantitative, reverse transcription PCR is performed with a nested PCR reaction Lot-to-lot variation in the cartridges is corrected using a calibration calculation to reference standard curve data to the IS provided by the manufacturer.(Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

7 to 10 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

81206

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports