Test Catalog

Test Id : WASQR

Alpha-Globin Gene Sequencing, Blood

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Testing for nondeletional alpha thalassemia in a symptomatic individual

 

Follow-up testing to an abnormal hemoglobin electrophoresis that identified an alpha-globin chain variant

 

Evaluating for nondeletional alpha thalassemias in an algorithmic process for:

-HAEV1 / Hemolytic Anemia Evaluation, Blood

-HBEL1 / Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Evaluation, Blood

-MEV1 / Methemoglobinemia Evaluation, Blood

-REVE1 / Erythrocytosis Evaluation, Whole Blood

THEV1 / Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Evaluation, Blood and Serum

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Only orderable as a reflex. For more information see:

-HAEV1 / Hemolytic Anemia Evaluation, Blood

-HBEL1 / Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Evaluation, Blood

-MEV1 / Methemoglobinemia Evaluation, Blood

-REVE1 / Erythrocytosis Evaluation, Whole Blood

-THEV1 / Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Evaluation, Blood and Serum

 

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)/Sanger Sequencing

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Alpha Globin Gene Sequencing, B

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Whole Blood EDTA

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Only orderable as a reflex. For more information see:

-HAEV1 / Hemolytic Anemia Evaluation, Blood

-HBEL1 / Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Evaluation, Blood

-MEV1 / Methemoglobinemia Evaluation, Blood

-REVE1 / Erythrocytosis Evaluation, Whole Blood

-THEV1 / Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Evaluation, Blood and Serum

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

1 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis OK
Moderately to severely clotted Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Whole Blood EDTA Refrigerated (preferred) 14 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Testing for nondeletional alpha thalassemia in a symptomatic individual

 

Follow-up testing to an abnormal hemoglobin electrophoresis that identified an alpha-globin chain variant

 

Evaluating for nondeletional alpha thalassemias in an algorithmic process for:

-HAEV1 / Hemolytic Anemia Evaluation, Blood

-HBEL1 / Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Evaluation, Blood

-MEV1 / Methemoglobinemia Evaluation, Blood

-REVE1 / Erythrocytosis Evaluation, Whole Blood

THEV1 / Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Evaluation, Blood and Serum

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Alpha-globin gene sequencing detects alpha-globin variants and nondeletional alpha-thalassemia variants.

 

Alpha thalassemia is the most common monogenic condition in the world. It is estimated that up to 5% of the world's population carries at least one alpha-thalassemia variant and, in the United States, approximately 30% of African Americans are thought to carry an alpha thalassemia variant. Alpha thalassemia variants are most common in individuals of Southeastern Asian, African, Mediterranean, Indian, and Middle Eastern descent, but they can be found in persons from any ethnic group.

 

Four alpha-globin genes are normally present, 2 copies on each chromosome 16. Alpha-thalassemia variants result in decreased alpha-globin chain production. In general, alpha thalassemia is characterized by hypochromic, microcytic anemia and varies clinically from asymptomatic (alpha-thalassemia silent carrier and alpha-thalassemia trait) to lethal hemolytic anemia (hemoglobin [Hb] Barts hydrops fetalis).

 

Large deletions of the alpha-globin genes account for approximately 90% of alpha-thalassemia alterations, and these will not be detected by alpha-globin gene sequencing. Other alterations, such as point alterations or small deletions within the alpha-globin genes, account for most of the remaining 10% of alpha-thalassemia variants. These nondeletional subtypes can be detected by alpha-globin gene sequencing. The most common nondeletional alpha-thalassemia variant is Hb Constant Spring.

 

The majority of alpha-globin chain variants are clinically and hematologically benign; however, some cause erythrocytosis and chronic hemolytic anemia. Hemoglobin electrophoresis may not be able to confirm their identity. In these instances, alpha-globin gene sequencing can be useful.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Only orderable as a reflex. For more information see:

-HAEV1 / Hemolytic Anemia Evaluation, Blood

-HBEL1 / Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Evaluation, Blood

-MEV1 / Methemoglobinemia Evaluation, Blood

-REVE1 / Erythrocytosis Evaluation, Whole Blood

-THEV1 / Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Evaluation, Blood and Serum

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

A summary interpretation will be provided as a part of the HAEV1 / Hemolytic Anemia Evaluation, Blood; HBEL1 / Hemoglobin Electrophoresis Evaluation, Blood; MEV1 / Methemoglobinemia Evaluation, Blood; REVE1 / Erythrocytosis Evaluation, Whole Blood; THEV1 / Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Evaluation, Blood and Serum.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Harteveld CL, Higgs DR: Alpha-thalassemia. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2010;5:13

2. Hoyer JD, Hoffman DR: The Thalassemia and hemoglobinopathy syndromes. In: McClatchey KD, ed. Clinical Laboratory Medicine. 2nd ed. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2002:866-895

3. Farashi S, Harteveld CL: Molecular basis of a-thalassemia. Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2018 May;70:43-53. doi: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2017.09.004

4. Henderson SJ, Timbs AT, McCarthy J, ed al: Ten years of routine a- and B-globin gene sequencing in UK hemoglobinopathy referrals reveals 60 novel mutations. Hemoglobin. 2016;40(2):75-84. doi: 10.3109/03630269.2015.1113990

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Genomic DNA is extracted from whole blood. The HBA1 and HBA2 genes are amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The PCR product is then purified and sequenced in both directions using fluorescent dye-terminator chemistry. Sequencing products are separated on an automated sequencer, and the trace files analyzed for variations in all exons, introns, and the polyadenylation site. Results are correlated with routine studies to identify unusual alpha-globin variants.(Reddy PL, Bowie LJ: Sequence-based diagnosis of hemoglobinopathies in the clinical laboratory. Clin Lab Med. 1997;17[1]:85-96; Traeger-Synodinos J, Harteveld CL: Advances in technologies for screening and diagnosis of hemoglobinopathies. Biomarkers Med. 2014;8[1]:119-131)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

10 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Blood: 2 weeks; DNA: 3 months

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

81259-HBA1/HBA2; full sequence

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
WASQR Alpha Globin Gene Sequencing, B 87730-8
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
47952 Alpha Globin Gene Sequencing Result 50397-9
47953 Interpretation 59466-3

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports