Test Catalog

Test Id : HEPTP

Heparin Anti-Xa, Plasma

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Measuring heparin concentration:

-In patients treated with low-molecular-weight heparin preparations

-In the presence of prolonged baseline activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) (eg, lupus anticoagulant, "contact factor" deficiency, etc)

-When unfractionated heparin dose needed to achieve desired APTT prolongation is unexpectedly higher (>50%) than expected

 

This test is not useful for monitoring therapy with the heparinoid "danaparoid."

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Chromogenic Method

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Heparin Anti-Xa, P

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Anti-10a

Anti-Xa

Fragmin (Dalteparin)

Heparin Anti-Xa Assay, Plasma

Lovenox (Enoxaparin)

Low-Molecular Weight Heparin Assay

Unfractionated Heparin Assay

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Plasma Na Cit

Ordering Guidance

To test for the presence of inhibitors directed against factor X (FX), order F10IS / Coagulation Factor X Inhibitor Screen, Plasma.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Specimen Type: Platelet-poor plasma

Collection Container/Tube: Light-blue top (3.2% sodium citrate)

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Centrifuge, aliquot plasma, and centrifuge plasma again.

2. Aliquot plasma into plastic vial leaving 0.25 mL in the bottom of centrifuged vial.

Additional Information: Double-centrifuged specimen is critical for accurate results as platelet contamination may cause spurious results.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

0.5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia OK
Gross icterus OK

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma Na Cit Frozen (preferred) 14 days
Ambient 2 hours

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Measuring heparin concentration:

-In patients treated with low-molecular-weight heparin preparations

-In the presence of prolonged baseline activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) (eg, lupus anticoagulant, "contact factor" deficiency, etc)

-When unfractionated heparin dose needed to achieve desired APTT prolongation is unexpectedly higher (>50%) than expected

 

This test is not useful for monitoring therapy with the heparinoid "danaparoid."

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Heparins are sulphated glycosaminoglycans that inactivate thrombin, factor Xa, and several other coagulation factors; act by enhancing activity of the plasma coagulation inhibitor, antithrombin III (AT III); and prolong the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT). The anti-Xa assay is the preferred method for monitoring low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) therapy because of reduced sensitivity of APTT. Heparin is absent in normal plasma. The heparin level obtained has to be analyzed taking into account the treatment given to the patient (type of heparin, dosage, administration mode, time of sampling, etc) and the desired therapeutic effect. It is clinically recommended that platelet counts be monitored frequently in patients receiving unfractionated heparin (UFH) or LMWH in order to detect heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT).

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Adult Therapeutic Range

UFH therapeutic range: 0.30-0.70 IU/mL

(6 hours following initiation or dose adjustment)

LMWH therapeutic range: 0.50-1.00 IU/mL for twice daily dosing*

LMWH therapeutic range: 1.00-2.00 IU/mL for once daily dosing*

LMWH prophylactic range: 0.10-0.30 IU/mL

(*sample obtained 4-6 hours following subcutaneous injection)

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Results above the therapeutic range may be supratherapeutic suggesting that the heparin dose may need to be decreased.

 

Results below the therapeutic range may be subtherapeutic suggesting that the heparin dose may need to be increased.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Plasma specimen must be depleted of platelets by repeat centrifugation before freezing.

 

In order to reduce the influence from heparin antagonists, such as platelet factor 4 (PF4), dextran sulfate is included in the reaction mixture.

 

Very low endogenous antithrombin III (AT III) levels might result in spuriously-low results.  

 

Antibodies to bovine factor X or AT III can interfere with assay (very rare).

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Marci CD, Prager D: A review of the clinical indications for the plasma heparin assay. Am J Clin Pathol 1993;99:546-550

2. Houbouyan L, Boutiere B, Contant G, et al: Validation of analytical hemostasis systems: measurement of anti-Xa activity of low-molecular-weight-heparins. Clin Chem 1996;42:1223-1230

3. Jeske W, Messmore HL Jr, Fareed J: Pharmacology of heparin and oral anticoagulants. In Thrombosis and Hemorrhage. Second edition. Edited by J Loscalzo, AI Schafer. Baltimore, MA, Williams and Wilkins, 1998, pp 1193-1204

4. Monagle P, Michelson AD, Bovill E, Andrew M: Antithrombotic therapy in children. Chest 2001;119:344-370

5. Fraser G, McKenna J: Monitoring low molecular weight heparins with antiXa activity: house of cards or firm foundation? Hospital Pharmacy 2003;38:202-211

6. Nutescu EA, Spinler SA, Wittkowsky A, Dager WE: Low-molecular-weight heparins in renal impairment and obesity: available evidence and clinical practice recommendations across medical and surgical settings. Ann Pharmacother 2009;43:1064:1083

7. Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice. Seventh Edition. Edited by R Hoffman, EJ Benz Jr, LE Silberstein, et al. Elsevier, 2018

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

The Liquid Anti-Xa kit (ACL TOP) is a 1-stage chromogenic assay based on a synthetic chromogenic substrate and on factor Xa inactivation.(Package insert: HemosIL Liquid Anti-Xa, Instrument Laboratory. Bedford, MA. R5. 06/2017)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Sunday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

Same day/1 day

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

1 day

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

85520

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
HEPTP Heparin Anti-Xa, P 3274-8
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
HEPTP Heparin Anti-Xa, P 3274-8

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports