Test Catalog

Test Id : OAPNS

Ova and Parasite, Microscopy, Varies

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Detection and identification of parasitic protozoa and the eggs and larvae of parasitic helminths

Reflex Tests
Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
BCON Concentrate Exam No, Bill Only No
BDIR Direct Prep Exam No, Bill Only No
BTRI Stain Slide Exam No, Bill Only No
FILB Filaria Bill Only No, Bill Only No

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Reflex testing will be added and performed by the laboratory based on the following criteria:

-Specimen source

-Specimen type: Unpreserved, refrigerate versus preserved

-Indication of parasites suspected

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Microscopic

May include Touch/Tease Preparation, Direct Wet Preparation, Concentrated Wet Preparation, Permanent (Trichrome or Giemsa) Stained Preparation.

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Ova and Parasite, Microscopy, Varies

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Amoeba, Ameba

Egg Cyst

Helminth Echinococcus

O and P (Ova and Parasites)

Ova

Parasites

Parasitic Exam

Protozoa

Trichrome Stain

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Reflex testing will be added and performed by the laboratory based on the following criteria:

-Specimen source

-Specimen type: Unpreserved, refrigerate versus preserved

-Indication of parasites suspected

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Varies

Ordering Guidance

If specimens are suspected of containing tapeworm segments or other adult worms or worm segments, the suspected worm should be placed in 70% alcohol and order PARID / Parasite Identification, Varies.

 

If microsporidia are suspected:

-For non-stool/non-urine specimen, order MTBS / Microsporidia Stain, Varies

-For feces or urine, order LCMSP / Microsporidia species, Molecular Detection, PCR, Varies

 

If pinworm is suspected, order PINW / Pinworm Exam, Perianal. Perianal skin sampling using clear cellophane tape or a SWUBE device is required for this test.

 

Urine specimens should be sent for SHUR / Schistosoma Exam, Random, Urine or TVRNA / Trichomonas vaginalis, Nucleic Acid Amplification, Varies as applicable.

 

If scabies is suspected, submit skin scrapings and order PARID / Parasite Identification, Varies.

 

Duodenal aspirates, small bowel aspirates, or colonic washings should be placed in Ecofix in a ratio of 1:1 and order OAP / Ova and Parasite, Concentrate and Permanent Smear, Microscopy, Feces.

 

For preserved stool analysis, order OAP / Ova and Parasite, Concentrate and Permanent Smear, Microscopy, Feces.

Necessary Information

Specify on the order if a specific parasite is suspected.

 

Indicate source on the label of the specimen.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Specimen Type: Bile

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: Entire collection

 

Specimen Type: Bone marrow

Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA) and/or slides

Specimen Volume: 4 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Bone marrow and/or slides will be accepted for this test.

2. If submitting slides with EDTA tube, label and bag specimens together. Send refrigerate as one collection.

 

Specimen Type: Spinal fluid

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

 

Specimen Type: Fluid, abscess, drainage material

Sources: Abdominal, ascites, brain, cyst, (also specify location of cyst) liver, lymphatic, peritoneal, splenic

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 15 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Place half of collection into preservative (Ecofix or PVA and Formalin) in a ratio of 1:1.

2. Place other half of collection in a sterile container.

3. Label both specimens, bag together, and send refrigerate as one collection.

 

Specimen Type: Respiratory

Source: Bronchial washing, bronchoalveolar lavage, sputum

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: Entire collection

 

Specimen Type: Tissue

Sources: Bladder, brain, colon, intestine, liver, lymph node, lung, muscle, rectal, spleen

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 5-10 mm

Collection Instructions: Place specimen in 1 to 2 drops of sterile saline to keep tissue moist.

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Gastroenterology and Hepatology Client Test Request (T728) with the specimen. 

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

Respiratory specimens, spinal fluid, abscess, or drainage material: 0.5 mL

Tissue: 3 mm

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

All specimens will be evaluated at Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Refrigerated (preferred) 5 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Detection and identification of parasitic protozoa and the eggs and larvae of parasitic helminths

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Reflex testing will be added and performed by the laboratory based on the following criteria:

-Specimen source

-Specimen type: Unpreserved, refrigerate versus preserved

-Indication of parasites suspected

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

A variety of different parasites may be found in specimens other than stool (eg, respiratory specimens, liver cyst aspirates or abscesses, and tissues). These parasites may include protozoa (microscopic unicellular eukaryotes) and helminths (worms). Infection is often asymptomatic but possible signs and symptoms of infection include cough, fever, bloody sputum, skin lesions, and abdominal pain.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Negative

If positive, organism identified

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

A positive result indicates the presence of the parasite but does not necessarily indicate that it is the cause of the patient's symptoms. Some strains of protozoa are nonpathogenic and some helminths cause little or no illness.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

This test is not appropriate for the detection of microfilariae, malaria, trypanosomes, or Trichomonas vaginalis.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Garcia L: Diagnostic Medical Parasitology. 6th ed.ASM Press; 2016

2. Pritt BS: Parasitology Benchtop Reference Guide. 2nd ed. CAP; 2017

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Different specimen sources may potentially harbor different types of parasites. A portion of the submitted specimen, depending on the type of specimen and what organism may be specifically suspected, may be examined by direct wet prep slide, tease or touch prep slides, concentrated for wet prep exam, or stained by trichrome stain, Ecostain, or Giemsa stain.(Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

4 to 5 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

7 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

87015-Concentration (any type), for infectious agents (if applicable)

87209-Smear, primary source with interpretation; complex special stain (eg, trichrome, iron hematoxylin) for ova and parasites (If applicable)

87210-Wet mount for infectious agents (if applicable)

87207-Smear, primary source, with interpretation; special stain for inclusion bodies or intracellular parasites (if applicable)

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports