Test Catalog

Test Id : CARFT

Carbamazepine, Free and Total, Serum

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Monitoring carbamazepine (free and total) therapy in uremic patients

Profile Information
A profile is a group of laboratory tests that are ordered and performed together under a single Mayo Test ID. Profile information lists the test performed, inclusive of the test fee, when a profile is ordered and includes reporting names and individual availability.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
CARTA Carbamazepine, Tot, S Yes Yes
CARF Carbamazepine, Free, S Yes Yes

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

CARF: Ultrafiltration Followed by Homogeneous Microparticle Agglutination Immunoassay

CARTA: Homogeneous Microparticle Agglutination Immunoassay

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Carbamazepine, Free and Total, S

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol)

Carbatrol (Carbamazepine)

Free and Total Carbamazepine

Tegretol, (Carbamazepine)

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Serum Red

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Container/Tube: Red top

Specimen Volume: 2 mL

Collection Instructions: Tubes should be centrifuged and aliquoted within 2 hours of collection.

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Therapeutics Test Request (T831) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

1 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Red Refrigerated (preferred) 7 days
Frozen 28 days
Ambient 48 hours

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Monitoring carbamazepine (free and total) therapy in uremic patients

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Carbamazepine (Tegretol) is an effective treatment for complex partial seizures, with or without generalization to tonic-clonic seizures. It is frequently administered in conjunction with other antiepileptic agents, such as phenytoin and valproic acid.

 

Under normal circumstances, the carbamazepine that circulates in blood is 75% protein bound. In severe uremia, carbamazepine may be displaced from protein, resulting in a higher free (unbound) fraction of the drug circulating in blood. Since neurologic activity and toxicity are directly related to the circulating free fraction of drug, adjustment of dosage based on knowledge of the free carbamazepine level may be useful in patients with severe uremia.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

CARBAMAZEPINE, TOTAL

Therapeutic: 4.0-12.0 mcg/mL

Critical value: > or =15.0 mcg/mL

 

CARBAMAZEPINE, FREE

Therapeutic: 1.0-3.0 mcg/mL

Critical value: > or =4.0 mcg/mL

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

In patients with normal renal function, optimal response is often associated with free (unbound) carbamazepine levels greater than 1.0 mcg/mL, and toxicity may occur when the free carbamazepine is greater than or equal to 4.0 mcg/mL.

 

In uremic patients, the free carbamazepine level may be a more useful guide for dosage adjustments than the total level. In patients with severe uremia, subtherapeutic total carbamazepine levels in the range of 1.0 to 2.0 mcg/mL may be associated with therapeutic free levels. Toxicity may occur in these patients when the free carbamazepine level is greater than or equal to 4.0 mcg/mL (even though the total carbamazepine concentration is <15.0 mcg/mL).

 

As with the serum levels of other anticonvulsant drugs, total and free carbamazepine levels should be correlated with the patient's clinical condition. They are best used as a guide in dose adjustment.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Fresh serum with normal protein content is required for optimal analysis.

 

Specimens subjected to significant heat or other factors that cause protein denaturation demonstrate an artifactually increased free carbamazepine.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Svinarov DA, Pippenger CE: Relationships between carbamazepine-diol, carbamazepine-epoxide, and carbamazepine total and free steady-state concentrations in epileptic patients: the influence of age, sex, and comedication. Ther Drug Monit 1996;18:660-665

2. Bernus I, Dickinson RG, Hooper WD, Eadie MJ: The mechanism of the carbamazepine-valproate interactions in humans. Br J Clin Phamacol 1997;44:21-27

3. Dasgupta A, Volk A: Displacement of valproic acid and carbamazepine from protein binding in normal and uremic sera by tolmetin, ibuprofen, and naproxen: presence of inhibitor in uremic serum that blocks valproic acid-naproxen interactions. Ther Drug Monit 1996;18:284-287

4. Moyer TP: Therapeutic drug monitoring. In Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry. Edited by CA Burtis, ER Ashwood. Fourth edition. Philadelphia, PA. WB Saunders Company 2005 pp 1237-1285

5. Patsalos PN, Berry DJ, Bourgeois BF, et al: Antiepileptic drugs-best practice guidelines for therapeutic drug monitoring: A position paper by the subcommission on therapeutic drug monitoring, ILAE Commission on Therapeutic Strategies. Epilepsia 2008;49(7):1239-1276

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Carbamazepine:

The ONLINE TDM Carbamazepine Gen.4 assay is a homogeneous microparticle agglutination immunoassay. It is a 2-reagent system used for the detection of carbamazepine in serum. Kinetic interaction of microparticles (KIMS) will be measured using automated analyzers. In this technology biotinylated drug hapten attached to streptavidin coated latex beads serves as the binding partner to anticarbamazepine antibody. A competitive reaction to a limited amount of specific anticarbamazepine antibody takes place between the latex bound hapten and free carbamazepine in the serum sample. A decrease in the apparent signal is proportional to the amount of drug present in the sample.(Package insert: Roche Carbamazepine reagent, Roche Diagnostic Corp, Indianapolis, IN 2016-04)

 

Free Carbamazepine:

Free carbamazepine is isolated from serum by ultrafiltration. The ONLINE TDM Carbamazepine Gen.4 assay is a homogeneous microparticle agglutination immunoassay. It is a 2-reagent system used for the detection of carbamazepine in serum. Kinetic interaction of microparticles (KIMS) will be measured using automated analyzers. In this technology biotinylated drug hapten attached to streptavidin coated latex beads serves as the binding partner to anticarbamazepine antibody. A competitive reaction to a limited amount of specific anticarbamazepine antibody takes place between the latex bound hapten and free carbamazepine in the serum sample. A decrease in the apparent signal is proportional to the amount of drug present in the sample.(Package insert: Roche Carbamazepine reagent, Roche Diagnostic Corp, Indianapolis, IN)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Sunday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

Same day/1 day

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

1 week

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been modified from the manufacturer's instructions. Its performance characteristics were determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

80156-Carbamazepine, Total, S

80157-Carbamazepine, Free, S

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
CARFT Carbamazepine, Free and Total, S 34545-4
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
CARTA Carbamazepine, Tot, S 3432-2
CARF Carbamazepine, Free, S 3433-0

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports