Test Catalog

Test Id : MPLR

MPL Exon 10 Mutation Detection, Reflex, Varies

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Aiding in the distinction between a reactive cytosis and a chronic myeloproliferative disorder

 

Evaluates for mutations in MPL in an algorithmic process for the MPNR / Myeloproliverative Neoplasm (MPN), JAK2 V617F with reflex to CALR and MPL.

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Only orderable as a reflex. For more information see MPNR / Myeloproliferative Neoplasm (MPN), JAK2 V617F with Reflex to CALR and MPL.

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

MPL Exon 10 Mutation Detection, R

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Varies

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Only orderable as a reflex. For more information see MPNR / Myeloproliferative Neoplasm (MPN), JAK2 V617F with reflex to CALR and MPL.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

Blood and Bone marrow: 0.5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Other Paraffin embedded bone marrow aspirate clot or biopsy blocks Slides Paraffin shavings Moderately to severely clotted

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Varies (preferred) 7 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Aiding in the distinction between a reactive cytosis and a chronic myeloproliferative disorder

 

Evaluates for mutations in MPL in an algorithmic process for the MPNR / Myeloproliverative Neoplasm (MPN), JAK2 V617F with reflex to CALR and MPL.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

The Janus kinase 2 gene (JAK2) codes for a tyrosine kinase (JAK2) that is associated with the cytoplasmic portion of a variety of transmembrane cytokine and growth factor receptors important for signal transduction in hematopoietic cells. Signaling via JAK2 activation causes phosphorylation of downstream signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) proteins (eg, STAT5) ultimately leading to cell growth and differentiation. BCR-ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) frequently harbor an acquired single nucleotide mutation in JAK2 characterized as c.G1849T; p. Val617Phe (V617F). The JAK2 V617F is present in 95% to 98% of polycythemia vera (PV), and 50% to 60% of primary myelofibrosis (PMF) and essential thrombocythemia (ET). It has also been described infrequently in other myeloid neoplasms, including chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. Detection of the JAK2 V617F is useful to help establish the diagnosis of MPN. However, a negative JAK2 V617F result does not indicate the absence of MPN. Other important molecular markers in BCR-ABL1-negative MPN include CALR exon 9 mutation (20%-30% of PMF and ET) and MPL exon 10 mutation (5%-10% of PMF and 3%-5% of ET). Mutations in JAK2, CALR, and MPL are essentially mutually exclusive. A CALR mutation is associated with decreased risk of thrombosis in both ET and PMF, and confers a favorable clinical outcome in PMF patients. A triple negative (JAK2 V617F, CALR, and MPL-negative) genotype is considered a high-risk molecular signature in PMF.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Only orderable as a reflex. For more information see MPNR / Myeloproliferative Neoplasm (MPN), JAK2 V617F with reflex to CALR and MPL.

 

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

An interpretation will be provided under the MPNR / Myeloproliferative Neoplasm (MPN), JAK2 V617F with reflex to CALR and MPL.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

A positive result is not specific for a particular subtype of myeloproliferative neoplasm and clinicopathologic correlation is necessary in all cases.

 

A negative result does not exclude the presence of a myeloproliferative neoplasm or other neoplastic process.

 

In rare cases, a mutation other than the V617F may be present in an area that interferes with primer or probe binding and cause a false-negative result.

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Genomic DNA is extracted from bone marrow and the MPL exon 10 amplified using standard PCR. The entire exon 10 sequence is obtained using Sanger sequencing (BigDye terminator V1.1 cycle sequencing kid from Applied Bioscience) with analysis on an automated genetic analyzer.(Applied Biosystems 3130; Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

7 to 10 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

DNA stored for 3 months

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

81339-MPL (myeloproliferative leukemia virus oncogene, thrombopoietin receptor, TPOR) (eg, myeloproliferative disorder), exon 10 sequence

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
MPLR MPL Exon 10 Mutation Detection, R 62948-5
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
36672 Final Diagnosis 22637-3

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Create a PDF

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports