Test Catalog

Test Id : ESTUF

Endometrial Stromal Tumors (EST), 7p15 (JAZF1), 6p21.32 (PHF1), 17p13.3 (YWHAE) Rearrangement, FISH, Tissue

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Supporting the diagnosis of endometrial stromal tumors when used in conjunction with an anatomic pathology consultation

Reflex Tests
Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
_PBCT Probe, +2 No, (Bill Only) No
_PADD Probe, +1 No, (Bill Only) No
_PB02 Probe, +2 No, (Bill Only) No
_PB03 Probe, +3 No, (Bill Only) No
_IL25 Interphases, <25 No, (Bill Only) No
_I099 Interphases, 25-99 No, (Bill Only) No
_I300 Interphases, >=100 No, (Bill Only) No

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test does not include a pathology consultation. If a pathology consultation is requested, PATHC / Pathology Consultation should be ordered and the appropriate FISH test will be ordered and performed at an additional charge.

 

This test includes a charge for application of the first probe set (2 FISH probes) and professional interpretation of results. Additional charges will be incurred for all reflex probes performed. Analysis charges will be incurred based on the number of cells analyzed per probe set. If no cells are available for analysis, no analysis charges will be incurred.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, JAZF1 FISH testing will be performed:

-If a JAZF1 rearrangement is not identified by FISH, reflex testing for PHF1 and YWHAE rearrangement will be performed.

-If JAZF1 FISH testing was previously performed, reflex testing for PHF1 or YWHAE may be ordered separately.

-If testing was not performed at Mayo Clinic, provide a copy of the JAZF1 FISH report.

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Endometrial Stromal Tumor, FISH, Ts

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Cellular leiomyoma

Endometrial stromal nodule (ESN)

Endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS)

Undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma (UES)

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test does not include a pathology consultation. If a pathology consultation is requested, PATHC / Pathology Consultation should be ordered and the appropriate FISH test will be ordered and performed at an additional charge.

 

This test includes a charge for application of the first probe set (2 FISH probes) and professional interpretation of results. Additional charges will be incurred for all reflex probes performed. Analysis charges will be incurred based on the number of cells analyzed per probe set. If no cells are available for analysis, no analysis charges will be incurred.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, JAZF1 FISH testing will be performed:

-If a JAZF1 rearrangement is not identified by FISH, reflex testing for PHF1 and YWHAE rearrangement will be performed.

-If JAZF1 FISH testing was previously performed, reflex testing for PHF1 or YWHAE may be ordered separately.

-If testing was not performed at Mayo Clinic, provide a copy of the JAZF1 FISH report.

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Tissue

Shipping Instructions

Advise Express Mail or equivalent if not on courier service.

Necessary Information

1. A pathology report is required in order for testing to be performed. Acceptable pathology reports include working drafts, preliminary pathology or surgical pathology reports.

2. A reason for testing must be provided. If this information is not provided, an appropriate indication for testing may be entered by Mayo Clinic Laboratories.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Submit only 1 of the following specimens:

 

Specimen Type: Tissue

Preferred: Tissue block

Collection Instructions: Submit a formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue block. Blocks prepared with alternative fixation methods may be acceptable; provide fixation method used.

 

Acceptable: Slides

Collection Instructions: Six consecutive, unstained, 5 micron-thick sections placed on positively charged slides, and 1 hematoxylin and eosin-stained slide.

Forms

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

Three consecutive, unstained, 5 micron-thick sections placed on positively charged slides and 1 hematoxylin and eosin-stained slide

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

All specimens will be evaluated by Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Tissue Ambient (preferred)
Refrigerated

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Supporting the diagnosis of endometrial stromal tumors when used in conjunction with an anatomic pathology consultation

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test does not include a pathology consultation. If a pathology consultation is requested, PATHC / Pathology Consultation should be ordered and the appropriate FISH test will be ordered and performed at an additional charge.

 

This test includes a charge for application of the first probe set (2 FISH probes) and professional interpretation of results. Additional charges will be incurred for all reflex probes performed. Analysis charges will be incurred based on the number of cells analyzed per probe set. If no cells are available for analysis, no analysis charges will be incurred.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, JAZF1 FISH testing will be performed:

-If a JAZF1 rearrangement is not identified by FISH, reflex testing for PHF1 and YWHAE rearrangement will be performed.

-If JAZF1 FISH testing was previously performed, reflex testing for PHF1 or YWHAE may be ordered separately.

-If testing was not performed at Mayo Clinic, provide a copy of the JAZF1 FISH report.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Endometrial stromal tumors (EST) arise from the uterus and include the benign endometrial stromal nodule (ESN) and infiltrative endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS). These tumors are characterized by a translocation that fuses JAZF1 at 7p15 to JJAZ1 at 17q21 or a variant 6;7 translocation involving JAZF1 and PHF1. Published literature employing FISH and reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) suggests rearrangement of JAZF1 occurs in approximately 76% of ESN and approximately 58% of ESS. JAZF1 is not generally considered to be involved in the genetic mechanism of the high-grade undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma (UES), although rarely some cases of UES are positive for JAZF1, which may reflect the presence of an ESS component.

 

For PHF1 disruption, a study of 94 EST demonstrated the following:

-PHF1/JAZF1 fusion in 4 primary ESS

-PHF1/EPC1 fusion in 2 primary ESS and 1 extrauterine ESS

-PHF1 rearrangement without a known partner in 6 primary or metastatic ESS and 1 extrauterine ESS

 

JAZF1/JJAZ1, PHF1/JAZF1 and PHF1/EPC1 fusions were mutually exclusive in individual patients.(4) No rearrangement of PHF1 was found in ESN, UES, or non-EST tumors in the differential diagnosis. These results indicate that PHF1 can rearrange with both known and unknown partners in addition to JAZF1 and is potentially specific for ESS.

 

In high-grade ESS, a recurrent t(10;17)(q22;p13) resulting in fusion of YWHAE (also called 14-3-3epsilon at 17p13.3 with either FAM22A or FAM22B was identified. In contrast, JAZF1 rearrangements are typically observed in low-grade ESS. JAZF1 and YWHAE rearrangements are mutually exclusive and have distinct gene expression profiles. YWHAE rearrangement is potentially specific for high-grade ESS as no YWHAE disruption has been reported in other uterine or nonuterine mesenchymal tumors.

 

The clinical utility of identifying JAZF1 rearrangement is mainly to address the differential diagnostic dilemma that occurs when ESS are present as metastatic lesions or exhibit variant morphology. In JAZF1-negative EST cases, reflex genetic analysis to identify PHF1 or YWHAE rearrangement increases the diagnostic sensitivity for EST. In addition, confirmation of YWHAE rearrangement may have prognostic implications as YWHAE defines a distinct, clinically more aggressive and histologically higher grade subgroup of ESS compared to those with JAZF1 rearrangements.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

A neoplastic clone is detected when the percent of cells with an abnormality exceeds the normal cutoff for any given probe.

 

Detection of an abnormal clone likely indicates a diagnosis of an endometrial stromal tumor of various subtypes.

 

The absence of an abnormal clone does not rule out the presence of a neoplastic disorder.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

This test is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is best used as an adjunct to existing clinical and pathologic information.

 

Fixatives other than formalin (eg, Prefer, Bouin's) may not be successful for FISH assays, however non-formalin fixed samples will not be rejected.

 

Paraffin-embedded tissues that have been decalcified are generally unsuccessful for FISH analysis. The pathologist reviewing the hematoxylin and eosin-stained slide may find it necessary to cancel testing.

Supportive Data

JAZF1:

FISH analysis was performed on 101 formalin fixed paraffin-embedded tissue specimens. These included 37 endometrial stromal tumors (EST) (8 endometrial stromal nodule [ESN], 20 primary or metastatic endometrial stromal sarcoma [ESS], and 9 primary or metastatic undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma [UES]), 38 histologic mimics of EST including cellular leiomyoma and 26 noncancerous control specimens. The normal controls were used to generate a normal cutoff for this assay. No rearrangements of JAZF1 were identified in the 26 normal controls or 37 of the histologic mimics. A single histologic mimic was positive with a complex pattern. Rearrangement of JAZF1 was identified in 17 of 37 (46%) EST specimens (3 ESN, 13 ESS, and 1 UES).

 

PHF1 and YWHAE:

FISH analysis was performed on 91 formalin fixed paraffin-embedded tissue specimens, including 20 EST (5 ESN, 7 primary or metastatic ESS, and 8 primary or metastatic UES), 35 histologic mimics of EST and 26 non-cancerous control specimens. Also included were 6 known JAZF1-positive cases and 4 clinical cases that were negative for JAZF1 rearrangement. The normal controls were used to generate a normal cutoff for this assay. No rearrangements of PHF1 or YWHAE were identified in the 26 normal controls or 35 of the histologic mimics. One primary UES failed to hybridize and yielded no results for either probe. Rearrangement of PHF1 was identified in 1 of 19 (5%) of EST specimens (primary ESS) and in 1 of 6 (17%) of known JAZF1-positive cases (metastatic ESS). Rearrangement of YWHAE was identified in 2 of 19 (11%) of EST specimens (primary ESS and metastatic UES).

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Koontz J, Soreng AL, Nucci M, et al: Frequent fusion of the JAZF1 and JJAZ1 genes in endometrial stromal tumors. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2001;98(11):6348-6353

2. Nucci R, Harburger D, Koontz J, et al: Molecular analysis of the JAZF1-JJAZ1 gene fusion by RT-PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization in endometrial stromal neoplasms. Am J Surg Pathol 2007;31(1):65-70

3. Huang HY, Ladanyi M, Soslow RA: Molecular detection of JAZF1-JJAZ1 gene fusion in endometrial stromal neoplasms with classic and variant histology-evidence for genetic heterogeneity. Am J Surg Pathol 2004;28(2):224-232

4. Chiang S, Ali R, Melnyk N, et al: Frequency of known gene rearrangements in endometrial stromal tumors. Am J Surg Pathol 2011;35(9):1364-1372

5. Lee CH, Marino-Enriquez A, Ou W, et al: The clinicopathologic features of YWHAE-FAM22 endometrial stromal sarcomas: A histologically high-grade and clinically aggressive tumor. Am J Surg Pathol 2012;36(5):641-653

6. Panagopoulos I, Mertens F, Griffin CA, et al: An endometrial stromal sarcoma cell line with the JAZF1/PHF1 chimera. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 2008 Sep;185(2):74-77

7. Lee CH, Ou WB, Marino-Enriquez A, et al: 14-3-3 fusion oncogenes in high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2012;109(3):929-934

8. Micci F, Panagopoulos I, Bjerkehagen B, et al: Consistent rearrangement of chromosomal band 6p21 with generation of fusion genes JAZF1/PHF1 and EPC1/PHF1 in endometrial stromal sarcoma. Cancer Res 2006;66(1):107-112

9. Gebre-Medhin S, Nord KH, Moller E, et al: Recurrent rearrangement of the PHF1 gene in ossifying fibromyxoid tumors. Am J Pathol 2012;181(3):1069-1077

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

The test is performed using laboratory-developed dual-color break-apart strategy probes (BAP) for JAZF1, PHF1, and YWHAE. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues are cut at 5 microns and mounted on positively charged glass slides. The selection of tissue and the target areas on the hematoxylin and eosin (H and E)-stained slide are performed by a pathologist. Using the H and E-stained slide as a reference, target areas are etched with a diamond-tipped etcher on the back of the unstained slide to be assayed. The probe set is hybridized to the appropriate target areas and 2 technologists each analyze 50 interphase nuclei (100 total for each probe set) with the results expressed as the percent abnormal nuclei.(Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

7 to 10 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Slides and H&E used for analysis are retained by the laboratory in accordance to CAP and NYS requirements. Client provided paraffin blocks and extra unstained slides (if provided) will be returned after testing is complete.

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

88271x2, 88291-DNA probe, each (first probe set), Interpretation and report

88271x2-DNA probe, each; each additional probe set (if appropriate)

88271x1-DNA probe, each; coverage for sets containing 3 probes (if appropriate)

88271x2-DNA probe, each; coverage for sets containing 4 probes (if appropriate)

88271x3-DNA probe, each; coverage for sets containing 5 probes (if appropriate)

88274 w/modifier 52-Interphase in situ hybridization, <25 cells, each probe set (if appropriate)

88274-Interphase in situ hybridization, 25 to 99 cells, each probe set (if appropriate)        

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
ESTUF Endometrial Stromal Tumor, FISH, Ts In Process
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
52147 Result Summary 50397-9
52149 Interpretation 69965-2
54584 Result 62356-1
CG744 Reason for Referral 42349-1
52150 Specimen 31208-2
52151 Source 31208-2
52152 Tissue ID 80398-1
52153 Method 85069-3
55026 Additional Information 48767-8
52154 Released By 18771-6
53831 Disclaimer 62364-5

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Create a PDF

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports