Test Catalog

Test Id : EWSF

Ewing Sarcoma, 22q12 (EWSR1) Rearrangement, FISH, Tissue

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Supporting the diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma (EWS)/primitive neuroectodermal tumor, myxoid chondrosarcoma, desmoplastic small, round cell tumor, clear cell sarcoma, and myxoid liposarcoma when used in conjunction with an anatomic pathology consultation

 

An aid in the diagnosis of EWS when reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction results are equivocal or do not support the clinical picture

Reflex Tests
Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
_PBCT Probe, +2 No, (Bill Only) No
_PADD Probe, +1 No, (Bill Only) No
_PB02 Probe, +2 No, (Bill Only) No
_PB03 Probe, +3 No, (Bill Only) No
_IL25 Interphases, <25 No, (Bill Only) No
_I099 Interphases, 25-99 No, (Bill Only) No
_I300 Interphases, >=100 No, (Bill Only) No

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test does not include a pathology consult. If a pathology consultation is requested, PATHC / Pathology Consultation should be ordered and the appropriate fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test will be ordered and performed at an additional charge.

 

This test includes a charge for application of the first probe set (2 FISH probes) and professional interpretation of results. Additional charges will be incurred for all reflex probes performed. Analysis charges will be incurred based on the number of cells analyzed per probe set. If no cells are available for analysis, no analysis charges will be incurred.

 

See the Method Description for specific details.

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

EWSR1 (22q12), FISH, Ts

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test does not include a pathology consult. If a pathology consultation is requested, PATHC / Pathology Consultation should be ordered and the appropriate fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test will be ordered and performed at an additional charge.

 

This test includes a charge for application of the first probe set (2 FISH probes) and professional interpretation of results. Additional charges will be incurred for all reflex probes performed. Analysis charges will be incurred based on the number of cells analyzed per probe set. If no cells are available for analysis, no analysis charges will be incurred.

 

See the Method Description for specific details.

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Tissue

Shipping Instructions

Advise Express Mail or equivalent if not on courier service.

Necessary Information

1. A pathology report is required for testing to be performed. Acceptable pathology reports include working drafts, preliminary pathology or surgical pathology reports.

2. A reason for testing must be provided. If this information is not provided, an appropriate indication for testing may be entered by Mayo Clinic Laboratories.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Submit only 1 of the following specimens:

 

Specimen Type: Tissue

Preferred: Tissue block

Collection Instructions: Submit a formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue block. Blocks prepared with alternative fixation methods may be acceptable; provide fixation method used.

 

Acceptable: Slides

Collection Instructions: Four consecutive, unstained, 5 micron-thick sections placed on positively charged slides, and 1 hematoxylin and eosin-stained slide.

Forms

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

Two consecutive, unstained, 5 micron-thick sections placed on positively charged slides and 1 hematoxylin and eosin-stained slide

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

All specimens will be evaluated at Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Tissue Ambient (preferred)
Refrigerated

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Supporting the diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma (EWS)/primitive neuroectodermal tumor, myxoid chondrosarcoma, desmoplastic small, round cell tumor, clear cell sarcoma, and myxoid liposarcoma when used in conjunction with an anatomic pathology consultation

 

An aid in the diagnosis of EWS when reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction results are equivocal or do not support the clinical picture

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test does not include a pathology consult. If a pathology consultation is requested, PATHC / Pathology Consultation should be ordered and the appropriate fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test will be ordered and performed at an additional charge.

 

This test includes a charge for application of the first probe set (2 FISH probes) and professional interpretation of results. Additional charges will be incurred for all reflex probes performed. Analysis charges will be incurred based on the number of cells analyzed per probe set. If no cells are available for analysis, no analysis charges will be incurred.

 

See the Method Description for specific details.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumors are members of the small, round cell group of tumors that are thought to originate in cells of primitive neuroectodermal origin with variable degrees of differentiation. The small, round cell group of tumors also includes rhabdomyosarcomas, desmoplastic small, round cell tumors, and poorly differentiated synovial sarcomas. Although immunohistochemical markers can be helpful in the correct diagnosis of these tumors, recent molecular studies have shown the specificity of molecular markers in differentiating specific subtypes of small, round blue-cell tumors. Accurate diagnosis of each tumor type is important for appropriate clinical management of patients.

 

Ewing tumors are characterized cytogenetically by rearrangements of the EWSR1 gene at 22q12 with FLI1 at 11q24 (t[11;22]) or ERG at 21q22 (t[21;22]) in 85% and 5% to 10% of Ewing tumors, respectively. Less than 1% of cases may have other fusion partners such as ETV1 at 7p22, E1AF at 17q12, or FEV at 2q33.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

A neoplastic clone is detected when the percent of cells with an abnormality exceeds the normal cutoff for the EWSR1 FISH probe set.

 

A positive result is consistent with a diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma (EWS)/primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET).

 

A negative result suggests that a EWSR1 rearrangement is not present but does not exclude the diagnosis of EWS/PNET.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

This test is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is best used as an adjunct to existing clinical and pathologic information.

 

Fixatives other than formalin (eg, Prefer, Bouin's) may not be successful for fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assays, however non-formalin fixed samples will not be rejected. 

 

Paraffin-embedded tissues that have been decalcified are generally unsuccessful for FISH analysis. The pathologist reviewing the hematoxylin and eosin-stained slide may find it necessary to cancel testing.

Supportive Data

Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was performed on 38 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples, including 16 tumors, and 22 noncancerous control specimens. The normal controls were used to generate a normal cutoff for this assay. Rearrangement of EWSR1 was identified in 14 tumor specimens and 2 yielded no results due to poor hybridization.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Fletcher CDM, Unni KK, Mertens F, eds. World Health Organization Classification of Tumors. Pathology and Genetics Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone.  IARC Press; 2002:298-300

2. Burchill SA: Ewing's sarcoma: diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications of molecular abnormalities. J Clin Pathol. 2003 February;56(2):96-102. doi: 10.1136/jcp.56.2.96

3. Riley RD, Burchill SA, Abrams KR, et al: A systematic review of molecular and biological markers in tumors of the Ewing's sarcoma family. Eur J Cancer. 2003 January;39:19-30. doi: 10.1016/s0959-8049(02)00500-2

4. Romeo S, Dei Tos AP: Soft tissue tumors associated with EWSR1 translocation. Virchows Arch. 2010 Feb;456(2):219-34. doi: 10.1007/s00428-009-0854-3

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

This test is performed using a commercially available EWSR1 dual-color, break-apart strategy probe (BAP). Formalin fixed paraffin-embedded tissues are cut at 5 microns and mounted on positively charged glass slides. The selection of tissue and the identification of target areas on the hematoxylin and eosin (H and E)-stained slide is performed by a pathologist. Using the H and E-stained slide as a reference, target areas are etched with a diamond tipped etcher on the back of the unstained slide to be assayed. The probe set is hybridized to the appropriate target areas and 2 technologists each analyze 50 interphase nuclei (100 total) with the results expressed as the percent of abnormal nuclei.(Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

7 to 10 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Slides and H and E used for analysis are retained by the laboratory in accordance to CAP and NYS requirements. Client provided paraffin blocks and extra unstained slides (if provided) will be returned after testing is complete.

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed using an analyte specific reagent. Its performance characteristics were determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

88271x2 88291 - DNA probe, each (first probe set), Interpretation and report

88271x2 - DNA probe, each; each additional probe set (if appropriate)

88271x1 - DNA probe, each; coverage for sets containing 3 probes (if appropriate)

88271x2 - DNA probe, each; coverage for sets containing 4 probes (if appropriate)

88271x3 - DNA probe, each; coverage for sets containing 5 probes (if appropriate)

88274 w/modifier 52 - Interphase in situ hybridization, <25 cells, each probe set (if appropriate)

88274 - Interphase in situ hybridization, 25 to 99 cells, each probe set (if appropriate)      

88275 - Interphase in situ hybridization, 100 to 300 cells, each probe set (if appropriate)

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
EWSF EWSR1 (22q12), FISH, Ts 93806-8
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
52187 Result Summary 50397-9
52189 Interpretation 69965-2
54589 Result 62356-1
CG749 Reason for Referral 42349-1
52190 Specimen 31208-2
52191 Source 31208-2
52192 Tissue ID 80398-1
52193 Method 85069-3
55030 Additional Information 48767-8
52194 Released By 18771-6
53827 Disclaimer 62364-5

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Create a PDF

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports