Test Catalog

Test Id : TCGRV

T-Cell Receptor Gene Rearrangement, PCR, Varies

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Determining whether a T-cell population is polyclonal or monoclonal using body fluid or tissue specimens

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

T Cell Receptor Gene Rearrange, V

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Lymphoma vs Benign Process

Reactive Lymphocytic Process

T-Cell Gene Rearrangement

TCGRV

T Cell Gene Rearrangement

T Cell Clonality

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Varies

Shipping Instructions

Body fluid or spinal fluid specimens must arrive within 4 days (96 hours) of collection.

ORDER QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Question ID Description Answers
MP016 Specimen:

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Submit only 1 of the following specimens:

 

Specimen Type: Body fluid

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: At least 5 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. If the volume is large, pellet cells prior to sending.

2. Send less volume at ambient temperature or as a frozen cell pellet.

Specimen Stability Information:

Body fluid: Ambient/Refrigerated/Frozen

Cell pellet: Frozen

 

Specimen Type: Paraffin-embedded bone marrow aspirate clot

Container/Tube: Paraffin block

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient

 

Specimen Type: Frozen tissue

Container/Tube: Plastic container

Specimen Volume: 100 mg

Collection Instructions: Freeze tissue within 1 hour of collection.

Specimen Stability Information: Frozen

 

Specimen Type: Paraffin-embedded tissue

Container/Tube: Paraffin block

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient

 

Specimen Type: Tissue slides

Container/Tube: Unstained tissue slides

Specimen Volume: 10 slides

Specimen Stability: Ambient

 

Specimen Type: Spinal fluid

Container/Tube: Sterile vial

Specimen Volume: 5 to 10 mL

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient/Refrigerated

 

Specimen Type: Extracted DNA

Container/Tube: 1.5- to 2-mL tube with indication of volume and concentration of DNA

Specimen Volume: Entire specimen

Collection Instructions:

1. Label specimen as extracted DNA and source of specimen

2. Indicate volume and concentration of DNA on label

Specimen Stability Information: Refrigerated/Ambient

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

1. Hematopathology Patient Information (T676) in Special Instructions

2. If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Hematopathology/Cytogenetics Test Request (T726) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

Body fluid or Spinal fluid: 1 mL

Tissue: 50 mg

Extracted DNA: 50 microliters at 20 ng/mcL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Bone marrow core biopsies
Paraffin shavings
Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Varies (preferred)

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Determining whether a T-cell population is polyclonal or monoclonal using body fluid or tissue specimens

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

The T-cell receptor (TCR) genes (alpha, beta, delta, and gamma) are comprised of numerous, discontinuous coding segments that somatically rearrange to produce heterodimeric cell surface TCR, either alpha/beta (90%-95% of T cells) or gamma/delta (5%-10% of T cells). With rare exceptions (eg, some neoplastic B-lymphoid proliferations), other cell types retain the germline configuration of the TCR genes without rearrangement.

 

The marked diversity of somatic TCR-gene rearrangements is important for normal immune functions but also serves as a valuable marker to distinguish abnormal T-cell proliferations from reactive processes. A monoclonal expansion of a T-cell population will result in the predominance of a single TCR-gene rearrangement pattern. In contrast, reactive T-cell expansions are polyclonal (or multiclonal), with no single clonotypic population predominating in the population of T cells. These distributive differences in both TCR sequence and genomic rearrangement fragment sizes can be detected by molecular techniques (ie, polymerase chain reaction) and used to determine if a population of T cells shows monoclonal or polyclonal features.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Positive, negative, or indeterminate for a clonal T-cell population

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

An interpretive report will be provided.

 

Results will be characterized as positive, negative, or indeterminate for a clonal T-cell population.

 

In the appropriate clinicopathologic setting, a monoclonal result is associated with a neoplastic proliferation of T cells (see Cautions).

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

To determine the significance of the result, it must always be interpreted in the context of other clinicopathologic information.

 

The interpretation of the presence or absence of a predominant T-cell receptor (TCR)-gene rearrangement profile is sometimes subjective.

 

The detection of a clonal TCR-gene rearrangement by this test is not necessarily synonymous with the presence of a T-cell neoplasm. False-positive results can occur because of the sensitivity of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique and the problem of nonuniform (skewed) amplification of target T-cell gene rearrangements. The latter problem can occur when the total T-cell number in a sample is limited, or because of physiologic skewing of the T-cell repertoire as seen with aging, posttransplantation, or T-cell reactions in autoimmune or (nonlymphoid) malignancies. False-negative results can occur for many reasons, including tissue sampling, poor amplification, or failure to detect a small minority of T-cell gene segment rearrangements with the use of consensus PCR primers. In some cases, an indeterminate or equivocal result will occur because the pattern of gene rearrangements is abnormal (compared to typical polyclonal T-cell processes), but not definitive, for a monoclonal T-cell population. In these situations, distinction of a small monoclonal subpopulation from an over-represented, but reactive, population may not be possible.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Liu H, Bench AJ, Bacon CM, et al: A practical strategy for the routine use of BIOMED-2 PCR assays for detection of B- and T-cell clonality in diagnostic haematopathology. Br J Haematol. 2007 Jul;138(1):31-43

2. van Krieken JHJM, Langerak AW, Macintyre EA, et al: Improved reliability of lymphoma diagnostics via PCR-based clonality testing: report of the BIOMED-2 Concerted Action BHM4-CT98-3936. Leukemia. 2007 Feb;21(2):201-206

3. Bruggermann M, White H, Gaulard P, et al: Powerful strategy for polymerase chain reaction-based clonality assessment in T-cell malignancies Report of the BIOMED-2 Concerted Action BHM4 CT98-3936. Leukemia. 2007 Feb;21(2):215-221

4. Langerak AW, Groenen PJTA, Bruggemann M, et al: EuroClonality/BIOMED-2 guidelines for interpretation and reporting of Ig/TCR clonality testing in suspected lymphoproliferations. Leukemia. 2012 Oct;26(10):2159-2171. doi: 10.1038/leu.2012.246

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Genomic DNA is extracted from the tissue source. T-cell receptor beta (TCRB) and T-cell receptor gamma (TCRG) loci (official designations TRB and TRG, respectfully) are amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using a multiplex primer method based on the BIOMED-2 strategy. Specific primers are labeled with fluorochrome dyes, permitting precise fragment sizing of PCR products by capillary gel electrophoresis using a genetic analyzer. Each amplified locus is assessed for gene rearrangement patterns and an overall interpretation of the assay is made with regards to the presence or absence of a monoclonal population.(Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

7 to 14 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

DNA: 3 months

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed using an analyte specific reagent. Its performance characteristics were determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

81340-TCB (T cell antigen receptor, beta) (eg, leukemia and lymphoma), gene rearrangement analysis to detect abnormal clonal population(s), using amplification methodology (eg, PCR)

81342-TCG (T cell receptor, gamma) (eg, leukemia and lymphoma), gene rearrangement analysis, evaluation to detect abnormal clonal population(s)

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
TCGRV T Cell Receptor Gene Rearrange, V In Process
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
MP016 Specimen: 31208-2
19936 Final Diagnosis: 22637-3
608953 Signing Pathologist 19139-5

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports