Test Catalog

Test Id : FNEU

Neurotransmitter Metabolites (5HIAA, HVA, 3OMD) (CSF)

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

HPLC-Electrochemistry

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Neurotransmitter Metabolites

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Neurotransmitter Metabolites

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

CSF

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Medical Neurogenetics collection kit (MCL Supply T657) required.

Each collection kit contains 5 microcentrifuge tubes.

 

COLLECTION PROTOCOL:

1)     CSF should be collected from the first drop into the tubes in the numbered order. Fill each tube to the marked line with the required volumes

Tube 1: 0.5 mL

Tube 2: 1.0 mL

Tube 3: 1.0 mL (contains antioxidants necessary to protect the sample integrity)

Tube 4: 1.0 mL

Tube 5: 1.0 mL

-       If sample's not blood contaminated, the tubes should be placed on dry ice at bedside

-       If sample's are blood contaminated, the tubes should immediately be centrifuged (prior to freezing) and the clear CSF transferred to new similarly labeled tubes, then frozen

-       Store samples at -80 until they can be shipped

2)     Complete Medical Neurogenetics, LLC request form. Include test required, sample date and date of birth.

3)     Label tubes with patient name and ID number, leaving the tube number viewable.

4)     Place samples inside a specimen transport bag and the Medical Neurogenetics, LLC request form inside the pouch of the transport bag.

5)     Ship samples frozen on dry ice.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

4.5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Specimens other than CSF in special collection kit (MCL supply T657)
Anticoagulants other than NA
Hemolysis NA
Lipemia NA
Icteric NA

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
CSF Frozen (preferred) CSF KIT

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

CSF Neurotransmitter Metabolites (5HIAA, HVA, 3OMD) (NC04) is useful for diagnosis of certain disorders of neurotransmitter metabolism. This testing may also be used for assessment of Variants of Uncertain Significance (VUS) identified during genetic testing (e.g. Next Generation Sequencing or Capillary Sequencing Testing). CLINICAL Monoamine metabolite testing includes homovanillic acid (HVA), 3-O-methyl-Dopa (3-OMD), and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA). This test is useful in diagnosing pediatric neurotransmitter diseases affecting dopamine and serotonin metabolism in the brain. Inborn errors of metabolism and various drugs may lead to severe imbalances and disturbances in these neurotransmitter systems that are reflected by changes in the concentration of monoamines metabolites in CSF. Primary inherited defects involve deficiencies in tyrosine and tryptophan hydroxylase, aromatic amino acid decarboxylase, monoamine oxidase, dopamine beta hydroxylase and the dopamine transwporter. Other defects in the biopterin synthesis pathway may also affect dopamine and serotonin metabolism. These disorders are characterized by a wide range of symptoms that may include developmental delay, mental disability, behavioral disturbances, dystonia, seizures, encephalopathy, athetosis and ptosis.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Age         5HIAA            HVA            3-O-MD

(years)     (nmol/L)         (nmol/L)       (nmol/L)

 

0-0.2        208-1159       337-1299      <300

0.2-0.5     179-711         450-1132      <300

0.5-2.0     129-520         294-1115      <300

2.0-5.0      74-345          233-928        <150

5.0-10       66-338          218-852        <100

10-15        67-189          167-563        <100

Adults       67-140          145-324        <100

 

Interpretation performed by Keith Hyland, Ph.D.

 

Note: If test results are inconsistent with the clinical presentation, please call our laboratory to discuss the case and/or submit a second sample for confirmatory testing.

 

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

Referral

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

10 to 18 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Medical Neurogenetics, LLC

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

82542

83497

83150

LOINC® Information

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
FNEU Neurotransmitter Metabolites Not Provided
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Result LOINC Value Tooltip
Z0852 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid 47544-2
Z0849 Homovanillic acid 40846-8
Z0850 3-O-methyldopa 34596-7
Z0851 Interpretation: 59462-2

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports