Test Catalog

Test Id : TRPS

Troponin T, 5th Generation, Plasma

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Aiding in the exclusion of the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome in a single plasma specimen

 

Aiding in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome

 

Monitoring acute coronary syndromes and estimating prognosis

 

Possible utility in monitoring patients with nonischemic causes of cardiac injury

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Electrochemiluminescent Immunoassay (ECLIA)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Troponin T, 5th gen, P

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Plasma Li Heparin

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Collection Container/Tube:

Preferred: Light-green top (lithium heparin gel)

Acceptable: Green top (lithium heparin)

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Lithium heparin gel tubes should be centrifuged within 2 hours of collection.

2. Plasma from lithium heparin tubes should be centrifuged and aliquoted into a plastic vial within 2 hours of collection.

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Cardiovascular Test Request Form (T724) with the specimen. 

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

0.5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia OK
Gross icterus OK

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma Li Heparin Frozen (preferred) 365 days
Ambient 24 hours
Refrigerated 24 hours

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Aiding in the exclusion of the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome in a single plasma specimen

 

Aiding in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome

 

Monitoring acute coronary syndromes and estimating prognosis

 

Possible utility in monitoring patients with nonischemic causes of cardiac injury

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Troponin T is a myofibrillar protein found in striated musculature. There are 2 types of myofilament: a thick filament containing myosin and a thin filament consisting of 3 different proteins, namely actin, tropomyosin, and troponin. Troponin is itself a complex of 3 protein subunits, which are termed troponin T, troponin I, and troponin C:

-Troponin T binds the troponin complex to tropomyosin

-Troponin I inhibits actomyosin ATPase in relation to the calcium concentration

-Troponin C has 4 binding sites for calcium and mediates calcium dependency

 

Troponin T is found in free cytosol and structurally bound protein. The unbound pool of troponin T is the source of early protein release in myocardial damage. Troponin T is released from the structural elements at a later stage, corresponding to the degradation of myofibrils that occurs in irreversible myocardial damage. Troponin T becomes elevated 2 to 4 hours after the onset of myocardial necrosis and can remain elevated for up to 14 days, or even longer on occasion.

 

The most common cause of cardiac injury is myocardial ischemia (ie, acute myocardial infarction). These patients are known to have an adverse short- and long-term prognosis compared to patients with unstable angina and no elevation of troponin T. Many of these patients, especially those with troponin T elevations above 30 ng/L, benefit from an aggressive strategy with anticoagulation and an invasive interventional strategy.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Males: < or =15 ng/L

Females: < or =10 ng/L

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Values for healthy adults, based upon available literature and clinical guidelines, are 10 ng/L or less for women and 15 ng/L or less for men.

 

For patients who present with suspected acute coronary syndromes, troponin T values greater than the reference interval with a rising (> or =10 ng/L over 2 hours or > or =12 ng/L over 6 hours) pattern are highly suggestive of acute cardiac injury. Decreasing values are indicative of recent cardiac injury. Serial measurement is highly recommended for the diagnosis or exclusion of acute coronary syndromes.

 

Troponin T values greater than the reference interval are associated with adverse events in patients with ischemic heart disease and many other clinical situations. Clinical judgment is necessary to distinguish patients who have ischemic heart disease from those who do not.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

As with all markers of cardiac injury, elevations of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) do not in and of themselves indicate the presence of an ischemic mechanism. Many other disease states can be associated with elevations of cTnT via mechanisms different from those that cause injury in patients with acute coronary syndromes. These include trauma including contusion, ablation, and pacing; congestive heart failure; pulmonary embolism; kidney failure; and myocarditis.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Sandoval Y, Jaffe AS: Using High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T for Acute Cardiac Care. Am J Med. 2017 Dec;130(12):1358-1365

2. Reichlin T, Cullen L, Parsonage WA, et al: Two-hour algorithm for triage toward rule-out and rule-in of acute myocardial infarction using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T. Am J Med. 2015 Apr;128(4):369-379

3. Gunsolus IL, Jaffe AS, Sexter A, et al: Sex-specific 99th percentiles derived from the AACC Universal Sample Bank for the Roche Gen 5 cTnT assay: Comorbidities and statistical methods influence derivation of reference limits. Clin Biochem. 2017 Dec;50(18):1073-1077

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

The cobas e immunoassay Troponin T Gen 5 method employs 2 monoclonal antibodies specifically directed against human cardiac troponin T. A biotinylated monoclonal antibody and a second monoclonal antibody labeled with a ruthenium complex react with troponin T to form a sandwich complex. After the addition of streptavidin-coated microparticles, the complex becomes bound to the solid phase via interaction of biotin and streptavidin. The reaction mixture is aspirated into the measuring cell where the microparticles are magnetically captured onto the surface of the electrode. Application of a voltage to the electrode then induces chemiluminescent emission which is measured by a photomultiplier.(Package insert: Elecsys Troponin T Gen 5. Roche Diagnostics; V1, 10/2021)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Sunday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

Same day/1 day

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

7 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

84484

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
TRPS Troponin T, 5th gen, P 67151-1
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
TRPS Troponin T, 5th gen, P 67151-1

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports