Test Catalog

Test Id : MANN

Alpha-Mannosidase, Leukocytes

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Diagnosis of alpha-mannosidosis

 

This test is not useful for establishing carrier status for alpha-mannosidosis.

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

Alpha-mannosidosis is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by reduced or absent acid alpha-mannosidase enzyme activity.

 

Determining enzymatic activity is the next step of the diagnostic workup for an individual clinically suspicious for an oligosaccharidosis with a positive screening result suggestive of alpha-mannosidosis.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Fluorometric

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Alpha-Mannosidase, Leukocytes

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Alpha-Mannosidase (WBC)

Alpha-Mannosidosis

Mannosidosis, Alpha

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Whole Blood ACD

Ordering Guidance

If clinically suspicious of an oligosaccharidosis, a screening test is available. Order OLIGU / Oligosaccharide Screen, Random, Urine.

Shipping Instructions

For optimal isolation of leukocytes, it is recommended the specimen arrive refrigerate within 6 days of collection to be stabilized. Collect specimen Monday through Thursday only and not the day before a holiday. Specimen should be collected and packaged as close to shipping time as possible.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Yellow top (ACD solution B)

Acceptable: Yellow top (ACD solution A)

Specimen Volume: 6 mL

Collection Instructions: Send specimen in original tube. Do not aliquot.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

1. New York Clients-Informed consent is required. Document on the request form or electronic order that a copy is on file. The following documents are available:

-Informed Consent for Genetic Testing (T576)

-Informed Consent for Genetic Testing-Spanish (T826)

2. Biochemical Genetics Patient Information (T602)

3. If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Biochemical Genetics Test Request (T798) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Whole Blood ACD Refrigerated (preferred) 6 days YELLOW TOP/ACD
Ambient 6 days YELLOW TOP/ACD

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Diagnosis of alpha-mannosidosis

 

This test is not useful for establishing carrier status for alpha-mannosidosis.

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

Alpha-mannosidosis is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by reduced or absent acid alpha-mannosidase enzyme activity.

 

Determining enzymatic activity is the next step of the diagnostic workup for an individual clinically suspicious for an oligosaccharidosis with a positive screening result suggestive of alpha-mannosidosis.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Alpha-mannosidosis is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by reduced or absent acid alpha-mannosidase enzyme activity. This enzyme is involved in glycoprotein catabolism, with absent or reduced activity resulting in the accumulation of undigested mannose-containing complex oligosaccharides in the lysosomes, disrupting the normal functioning of cells.

 

Clinical features and severity of symptoms are widely variable within alpha-mannosidosis but, in general, the disorder is characterized by skeletal abnormalities, immune deficiency, hearing impairment, and intellectual disability. Three clinical subtypes of the disorder have been described and vary with respect to age of onset and clinical presentation. Type 1 is generally classified by a mild presentation and slow progression with onset after 10 years of age and absence of skeletal abnormalities. Type 2 is generally a more moderate form with slow progression and onset prior to 10 years of age with skeletal abnormalities and myopathy. Type 3 is the most severe form with onset in early infancy, skeletal abnormalities such as dysostosis multiplex, and severe central nervous system involvement. Although treatment is mostly supportive and aimed at preventing complications, hematopoietic stem cell transplant has been reported to be a feasible therapeutic option. The incidence of alpha-mannosidosis is estimated at 1 in 500,000 live births.

 

An initial diagnostic workup may include a screening assay for several oligosaccharides in urine, OLIGU / Oligosaccharide Screen, Random, Urine. If the urine oligosaccharide screening assay is suggestive of alpha-mannosidosis, enzyme analysis of acid alpha-mannosidase can confirm the diagnosis. Molecular analysis of the MAN2B1 gene allows for detection of a disease-causing variant in affected individuals and subsequent carrier detection in relatives (see CGPH / Custom Gene Panel, Hereditary, Next-Generation Sequencing; specify MAN2B1 gene list ID: IEMCP-MUMNLV).

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

> or =0.54 nmol/min/mg protein

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Values below 0.54 nmol/min/mg protein are consistent with a diagnosis of alpha-mannosidosis.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

No significant cautionary statements

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Malm D, Nilssen O: Alpha-mannosidosis. In: Adam MP, Ardinger HH, Pagon RA, et al, eds. GeneReviews [Internet]. University of Washington, Seattle. 2001. Updated July 18, 2019. Accessed February 18, 2022. Available at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1396/

2. Thomas GH: Disorders of glycoprotein degradation: alpha-mannosidosis, beta-mannosidosis, fucosidosis, and sialidosis. In: Valle DL, Antonarakis S, Ballabio A, Beaudet AL, Mitchell GA eds. The Online Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease. McGraw-Hill; 2019. Accessed February 18, 2022. Available at https://ommbid.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?sectionid=225545029

3. Mynarek M, Tolar J, Albert MH, et al: Allogeneic hematopoietic SCT for alpha-mannosidosis: an analysis of 17 patients. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2012 Mar;47(3):352-359. doi: 10.1038/bmt.2011.99

4. Guffon N, Tylki-Szymanska AT, Borgwardt L, et al: Recognition of alpha-mannosidosis in paediatric and adult patients: Presentation of a diagnostic algorithm from an international working group. Mol Genet Metab. 2019 Apr;126(4):470.474. doi: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2019.01.024

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

The deficiency of alpha-D-mannosidase is demonstrable using the artificial substrate 4-methylumberiferal alpha-D-mannopoyranoside.(Gehler J, Cantz M, Tolksdorf M, Spranger J, Gilbert E, Drube H: Mucopolysaccharidosis. VII. Beta-glucuronidase deficiency. Humangenetik. 1974 Jul;23[2]:149-158. doi: 10.1007/BF00282212; Cowan T, Pasquali M: Laboratory investigations of inborn errors of metabolism. In: Sarafoglou K, Hoffman GF, Roth KS, eds. Pediatric Endocrinology and Inborn Errors of Metabolism. 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill; 2017:1139-1158)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Preanalytical processing: Monday through Saturday

Assay performed: Once per month

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

30 to 45 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

WBC homogenate 1 month

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

82657

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
MANN Alpha-Mannosidase, Leukocytes 24053-1
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
35639 Alpha-Mannosidase, Leukocytes 24053-1
35640 Interpretation (MANN) 59462-2
35641 Reviewed By 18771-6

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Create a PDF

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports