Test Catalog

Test Id : VWAG

von Willebrand Factor Antigen, Plasma

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Diagnosis of von Willebrand disease (VWD) and differentiation of VWD subtype (in conjunction with von Willebrand factor ristocetin cofactor activity and factor VIII coagulant activity)

 

Differentiation of VWD from hemophilia A (in conjunction with factor VIII coagulant assay)

 

Monitoring therapeutic efficacy of treatment with DDAVP (desmopressin) or von Willebrand factor concentrates in patients with VWD

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Latex Immunoassay (LIA)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

von Willebrand Factor Ag, P

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

VON WILLEBRAND ANTIGEN

VWF Ag

Von Willebrand Ag

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Plasma Na Cit

Ordering Guidance

For optimum clinical utility and diagnostic efficiency, this test's results generally must be used together with the results of the von Willebrand factor ristocetin cofactor activity and factor VIII coagulant activity tests. The diagnosis of von Willebrand disease requires a combination of clinical and laboratory information. For a streamlined approach to testing, a panel of tests with reflexive testing and interpretive reporting is recommended. See AVWPR / von Willebrand Disease Profile, Plasma.

Additional Testing Requirements

VWACT / von Willebrand Factor Activity, Plasma and F8A / Coagulation Factor VIII Activity Assay, Plasma are recommended in conjunction with this test (von Willebrand antigen).

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Specimen Type: Platelet-poor plasma

Collection Container/Tube: Light-blue top (3.2% sodium citrate)

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. For complete instructions, see Coagulation Guidelines for Specimen Handling and Processing.

2. Centrifuge, transfer all plasma into a plastic vial, and centrifuge plasma again.

3. Aliquot plasma into a plastic vial, leaving 0.25 mL in the bottom of centrifuged vial.

4. Freeze plasma immediately (no longer than 4 hours after collection) at -20 degrees C or, ideally, less than or equal to -40 degrees C.

Additional Information:

1. Double-centrifuged specimen is critical for accurate results as platelet contamination may cause spurious results.

2. Each coagulation assay requested should have its own vial.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Coagulation Test Request (T753) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

0.5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia Reject
Gross icterus Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma Na Cit Frozen (preferred) 14 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Diagnosis of von Willebrand disease (VWD) and differentiation of VWD subtype (in conjunction with von Willebrand factor ristocetin cofactor activity and factor VIII coagulant activity)

 

Differentiation of VWD from hemophilia A (in conjunction with factor VIII coagulant assay)

 

Monitoring therapeutic efficacy of treatment with DDAVP (desmopressin) or von Willebrand factor concentrates in patients with VWD

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

The von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a multimeric adhesive glycoprotein that is important for platelet-platelet and platelet-vessel hemostatic interactions. In addition, plasma VWF serves as a carrier protein for coagulation factor VIII, stabilizing its procoagulant activity. VWF circulates in the blood in 2 distinct compartments; plasma VWF mainly reflects VWF synthesis and release from vascular endothelial cells, and platelet VWF (about 10% of the blood VWF) reflects VWF synthesis by bone marrow megakaryocytes with storage primarily in the alpha granules of circulating platelets. VWF antigen measurement assesses the mass of plasma VWF protein but does not reflect VWF functions or platelet VWF. The major function of VWF (mediating platelet-platelet or platelet-vessel interaction) is most commonly assessed by measurement of plasma ristocetin cofactor activity.

 

Decreased VWF antigen may be seen in:

-Congenital von Willebrand disease

-Acquired von Willebrand disease that may be associated with monoclonal gammopathies, lymphoproliferative disorders, autoimmune disorders, and hypothyroidism

 

Increased VWF antigen may be seen in association with:

-Pregnancy and/or estrogen use

-Inflammation (acute-phase reactant)

-Exercise or stress

-Liver disease

-Vasculitis

-Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura/hemolytic uremic syndrome

 

von Willebrand factor antigen measurement is most effective when it is combined with measurement of VWF ristocetin cofactor activity and factor VIII coagulant activity, preferably as a panel of tests with reflexive testing and interpretive reporting. Within this context, VWF antigen measurement can be useful for:

-Diagnosis of VWD and differentiation of VWD subtype

-Differentiation of VWD from hemophilia A (in conjunction with factor VIII coagulant assay)

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

55-200%

Note: Individuals of blood group "O" may have lower plasma von Willebrand factor (VWF) antigen than those of other ABO blood groups, such that apparently normal individuals of blood group "O" may have plasma VWF antigen as low as 40% to 50%, whereas the lower limit of the reference range for individuals of other blood groups may be 60% to 70%.

Children: Neonates, infants, and children have normal or mildly increased plasma VWF antigen, with respect to the adult reference range.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Patients with congenital severe type III von Willebrand disease (VWD) have a markedly decreased or undetectable level of von Willebrand factor (VWF) antigen in the plasma (and in the platelets), in addition to a plasma ristocetin cofactor activity that is either very low or not detectable.

 

Patients with types IIA and IIB variants of VWF (with abnormal plasma VWF function and multimeric structure) may have normal or decreased plasma VWF antigen. However, they typically have decreased plasma ristocetin cofactor activity, along with decreased higher molecular-weight VWF multimers in the plasma.

 

Patients with types IIM or IIN VWD have normal levels of VWF antigen. In spite of this, they either have decreased vWF ristocetin cofactor activity, not caused by absence of higher molecular weight vWF multimers (type IIM VWD), or decreased factor VIII coagulant activity (type IIN VWD)

 

Patients with type I VWD (with decreased but normally functioning plasma VWF) have concordantly decreased plasma VWF antigen and ristocetin cofactor activity.

 

Patients with acquired VWD may have either normal or decreased plasma VWF antigen.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Lipemic specimens may lead to an underestimation of the von Willebrand factor (VWF) level.

 

The presence of rheumatoid factor may lead to an overestimation of the VWF level.

 

VWF is an acute-phase reactant and may be elevated above baseline in association with a variety of conditions including inflammation, stress, exercise, liver disease, pregnancy, or estrogen therapy. Baseline VWF levels also increase with aging. These conditions may obscure diagnosis of the milder forms of von Willebrand disease (VWD). Repeat testing may be indicated.

 

Low normal levels of VWF antigen do not exclude possible diagnosis of VWD.

 

Borderline low or slightly decreased levels of VWF antigen may be observed in clinically normal individuals of blood group "O."

Supportive Data

Mayo studies demonstrate excellent concordance between the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and this automated latex immunoassay (LIA) (r[2]=0.95) in about 80 patient specimens (with von Willebrand factor: VWF antigen ranging from 3% to 800%), and satisfactory concordance between VWF antigen by LIA and ristocetin cofactor activity (r[2]=0.88).

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Sadler JE, Lillicrap DL: von Willebrand disease: Diagnosis, classification, and treatment. In: Marder VJ, Aird WC, Bennett JS, Schulman S, White II GC, eds. Hemostasis and Thrombosis: Basic Principles and Clinical Practice. 6th ed. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2013:670-683

2. Rodeghiero F, Castaman G, Tosetto A: Von Willebrand factor antigen is less sensitive then ristocetin cofactor for the diagnosis of type K von Willebrand disease - Results based on an epidemiological investigation. Thromb Haemost. 1990 Nov;64(3):349-352

3. Triplett DA: Laboratory diagnosis of von Willebrand's disease. Mayo Clin Proc. 1991 Aug;66(12):832-840

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

This assay is performed using the HemosIL von Willebrand Factor Antigen kit on the Instrumentation Laboratory ACL TOP. This is a latex immunoassay method using microlatex particles coated with specific rabbit-polyclonal antibody directed against von Willebrand factor (VWF). In the presence of VWF antigen, antibody-coated latex particles agglutinate to form aggregates of diameters greater than the wavelength of the light passing through the sample and more light is absorbed as aggregation increases. The increase in absorption is proportional to the concentration of VWF antigen present in the sample.(Veyradier A, Fressinaud E, Sigaud M, et al: A new automated method for von Willebrand factor antigen measurement using latex particles. Thromb Haemost 1999;81:320-321)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Saturday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

1 to 3 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

7 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been modified from the manufacturer's instructions. Its performance characteristics were determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

85246

LOINC® Information

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.
VWAG von Willebrand Factor Ag, P 27816-8
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
VWAG von Willebrand Factor Ag, P 27816-8

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Create a PDF

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports