Test Catalog

Test Id : COM

Complement, Total, Serum

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Detection of individuals with an ongoing immune process

 

First-tier screening test for congenital complement deficiencies

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Automated Liposome Lysis Assay

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Complement, Total, S

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

C'H(100)

C'H(50)

CH50

COMPLEMENT, TOTAL (C'H50)

Complement, Total Hemolytic

Connective Tissue Disease Activity Assessment (2 tests)

Immunology Profile (CH50)

Total Complement, Serum

Total Hemolytic Complement-routine

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Serum Red

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Patient Preparation: Fasting preferred.

Supplies: Sarstedt 5 mL Aliquot Tube (T914)

Collection Container/Tube: Red top (serum gel/SST are not acceptable)

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Immediately after specimen collection, place the tube on wet ice.

2. Centrifuge and aliquot serum into plastic vial.

3. Immediately freeze specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

0.5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis OK
Gross lipemia OK
Gross icterus OK

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Red Frozen (preferred) 28 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Detection of individuals with an ongoing immune process

 

First-tier screening test for congenital complement deficiencies

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Complement (C) proteins are components of the innate immune system. There are 3 pathways to complement activation: 1) the classical pathway, 2) the alternative (or properdin) pathway, and 3) the lectin (or mannan-binding lectin) pathway. The classical pathway of the complement system is composed of a series of proteins that are activated in response to the presence of immune complexes. A single IgM molecule or two IgG molecules are sufficient to trigger activation of the recognition complex initiated by C1q. The activation process triggers a cascade that includes an amplification loop. The amplification loop is mediated by C3, with cleavage of a series of proteins, and results in three main end products: 1) anaphylatoxins which promote inflammation (C3a, C5a), 2) opsonization peptides that are chemotactic for neutrophils (C3b) and facilitate phagocytosis, and 3) the membrane attack complex (MAC), which promotes cell lysis.

 

The absence of early components (C1, C2, C3, C4) of the complement cascade results in the inability of immune complexes to activate the cascade. Patients with deficiencies of the early complement proteins are unable to generate the peptides that are necessary to clear immune complexes and to attract neutrophils or to generate lytic activity. These patients have increased susceptibility to infections with encapsulated microorganisms. They may also have symptoms that suggest autoimmune disease; complement deficiency may be an etiologic factor in the development of autoimmune disease.

 

Patients with deficiencies of the late complement proteins (C5, C6, C7, C8, and C9) are unable to form the MAC and may have increased susceptibility to neisserial infections.

 

Undetectable complement levels are found in patients with specific component deficiencies. Decreased complement levels are found in infectious and autoimmune diseases due to fixation and consumption of complement.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

30-75 U/mL

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Low levels of total complement (total hemolytic complement) may occur during infections, disease exacerbation in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, and in patients with immune complex diseases such as glomerulonephritis.

 

Undetectable levels suggest the possibility of a complement component deficiency. Individual complement component assays are useful to identify the specific deficiency.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Because this is a functional assay, the results are dependent on appropriate specimen transport and storage.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Daha MR: Role of complement in innate immunity and infections. Crit Rev Immunol. 2010;30(1):47-52. doi: 10.1615/critrevimmunol.v30.i1.30

2. Prohaszka Z, Varga L, Fust G: The use of ‘real-time’ complement analysis to differentiate atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome from other forms of thrombotic microangiopathies. Br J Haematol. 2012 Aug;158(3):424-425. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2012.09168.x

3. Cataland SR, Holers VM, Geyer S, Yang S, Wu HM: Biomarkers of terminal complement activation confirm the diagnosis of aHUS and differentiate aHUS from TTP. Blood. 2014 Jun;123(24):3733-3738. doi: 10.1182/blood-2013-12-547067

4. Frazer-Abel A, Sepiashvili L, Mbughuni MM, Willrich MA: Overview of laboratory testing and clinical presentations of complement deficiencies and dysregulation. Adv Clin Chem. 2016;77:1-75. doi: 10.1016/bs.acc.2016.06.001

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

An automated method is performed using liposomes as the target for the serum complement system. The dinitrophenyl (DNP)-labeled liposomes are sensitized with antibody to DNP. Serum complement causes lysis and release of entrapped glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase reacts with glucose-6-phosphate and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+). NAD+ is then reduced to NADH and the conversion is measured at 340 nm. The assay correlates with the total complement assay based on sheep red blood cell lysis, has lower variability, and is simpler to perform.(Package insert: Fujifilm Autokit CH50. Fujifilm Wako Pure Chemical Corporation; 04/2018; Yamamoto S, Kubotsu K, Kida M, et al: Automated homogeneous liposome-based assay system for total complement activity. Clin Chem. 1995 Apr;41(4):586-590)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

1 to 2 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

14 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

86162

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
COM Complement, Total, S 4532-8
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
COM Complement, Total, S 4532-8

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports