Test Catalog

Test Id : GBM

Glomerular Basement Membrane Antibodies, IgG, Serum

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Evaluating patients with rapid onset renal failure or pulmonary hemorrhage, as an aid in the diagnosis of Goodpasture syndrome

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Multiplex Flow Immunoassay

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.


Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Glomerular Basement Membrane IgG Ab

Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Anti-GBM (Glomerular Basement Membrane)

Anti-GBM (Glomerular Basement Membrane) Performed at Mayo New England Antiglomerular Basement Membrane Antibody-IgG Performed at Mayo New England Basement Membrane Antibody Basement Membrane, Glomerular Antibody Performed a

Antiglomerular Basement Membrane Antibody-IgG

Basement Membrane Antibody

Basement Membrane, Glomerular Antibody

GBM (Glomerular Basement Membrane) Antibody

GBM Antibody

Glomerular Anti-Basement Membrane

Goodpastures Syndrome

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing


Ordering Guidance

If patient is being evaluated for autoimmune skin disease, order CIFS / Cutaneous Immunofluorescence Antibodies (IgG), Serum for evaluation of anti-intercellular substance (ICS) and antibasement membrane zone (BMZ) antibodies.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing


Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Specimen Volume: 0.5 mL


If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Renal Diagnostics Test Request (T830) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

0.35 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia Reject
Gross icterus OK

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 21 days
Frozen 21 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Evaluating patients with rapid onset renal failure or pulmonary hemorrhage, as an aid in the diagnosis of Goodpasture syndrome

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Antibodies to glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antigens cause glomerulonephritis, Goodpasture syndrome (glomerulonephritis, often with rapid onset renal failure, and pulmonary hemorrhage), and, less commonly, pulmonary hemosiderosis.(1) Nephrogenic GBM antigens are associated with the noncollagenous carboxyl extension of type IV procollagen. The immunologic stimuli that elicit production of GBM antibodies are not known. There is some evidence of a genetic association with HLA-DR2.


GBM antibody-mediated glomerulonephritis and Goodpasture syndrome occur with a bimodal age distribution primarily in males ages 20 to 40 and in patients older than age 50. Glomerulonephritis without pulmonary involvement is more common in the older age group, and shows a female predominance.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

<1.0 U (negative)                     

> or =1.0 U (positive)

Reference values apply to all ages.

Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Positive results are consistent with Goodpasture syndrome. Glomerular basement membrane antibodies detected by immunoassay have been reported to be highly specific for Goodpasture syndrome. The sensitivity of this test approaches 87% in untreated patients with systemic disease.(1)

Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

A positive test for glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies cannot be relied upon exclusively to establish the diagnosis of a disease mediated by GBM antibodies. Weakly-positive test results may occur in other immune-mediated diseases, and renal or lung biopsy is often required to establish the diagnosis.


If patient is being evaluated for autoimmune skin disease, order CIFS / Cutaneous Immunofluorescence Antibodies (IgG), Serum for evaluation of anti-intercellular substance (ICS) and antibasement membrane zone (BMZ) antibodies.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Pusey CD: Anti-glomerular basement membrane disease. Kidney Int 2003;64:1535-1550

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antigen is covalently coupled to polystyrene microspheres that are impregnated with fluorescent dyes to create a unique fluorescent signature. GBM antibodies, if present in diluted serum, bind to the GBM antigen on the microspheres. The microspheres are washed to remove extraneous serum proteins. Phycoerythrin (PE)-conjugated antihuman-IgG antibody is then added to detect IgG anti-GBM bound to the microspheres. The microspheres are washed to remove unbound conjugate, and bound conjugate is detected by laser photometry. A primary laser reveals the fluorescent signature of each microsphere to distinguish it from microspheres that are labeled with other antigens. A secondary laser reveals the level of PE fluorescence associated with each microsphere. Results are calculated by comparing the median fluorescence response for GBM microspheres to a 4-point calibration curve.(Package insert: Bio-Plex 2200 Vasculitis. Bio-Rad Laboratories, Hercules, CA 4/2012)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

Same day/1 to 3 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

14 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test


Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.


Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports