Test Catalog

Test Id : THIO

Thiopurine Metabolites, Whole Blood

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Aids physicians in dose adjustments, minimizing dose-dependent toxicity, and monitoring compliance of thiopurine drug therapy

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Red blood cell (RBC) count is first performed and then the thiopurine metabolites' values are determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Values are utilized to calculate and report a final result (unit of measure: pmol/8 x 10[8] RBC) for 6-thioguanine nucleotides and 6-methylmercaptopurine derivative analyte.

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Thiopurine Metabolites, B

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Thiopurine

Purinethol

Mercaptopurine

6-MP

6MP

6-Thioguanine

Thioguanine

6-TGN

6-TG

6TGN

6TG

6-Methylmercaptopurine

Methylmercaptopurine

6-MMP

6-MMPN

6MMPN

6MMP

Purine antimetabolites

THIO

TPRBC

Thiopurine Metabolites

6-Mercaptopurine

FPMET

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Red blood cell (RBC) count is first performed and then the thiopurine metabolites' values are determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Values are utilized to calculate and report a final result (unit of measure: pmol/8 x 10[8] RBC) for 6-thioguanine nucleotides and 6-methylmercaptopurine derivative analyte.

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Whole Blood EDTA

Shipping Instructions

Specimen must be shipped refrigerated.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA)

Specimen Volume: 3 mL

Collection Instructions: Send specimen in original tube. Do not aliquot, centrifuge, or freeze.

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send Gastroenterology and Hepatology Client Test Request (T728) with the specimen

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

1.5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Moderate hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia Reject
Gross icterus Reject
Clotted Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Whole Blood EDTA Refrigerated (preferred) 8 days
Ambient 24 hours

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Aids physicians in dose adjustments, minimizing dose-dependent toxicity, and monitoring compliance of thiopurine drug therapy

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Red blood cell (RBC) count is first performed and then the thiopurine metabolites' values are determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Values are utilized to calculate and report a final result (unit of measure: pmol/8 x 10[8] RBC) for 6-thioguanine nucleotides and 6-methylmercaptopurine derivative analyte.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

This test is primarily used to verify compliance, optimize therapy, and identify elevated metabolite concentrations that may result in toxicity after initiation of thiopurine drug therapy for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Recommended time points for monitoring include: 4 weeks after starting treatment to verify patient compliance and look for early risk of toxicity; 12 to 16 weeks after starting therapy when 6-thioguanine nucleotides have reached steady-state; and annually.(1) It may also be ordered in patients who do not respond to therapy as expected or as needed for dose changes, flare-ups, signs of toxicity, or suspicion of noncompliance. The test will measure 6-methylmercaptopurine (6-MMP) and 6-thioguanine nucleotides (6-TGN) in erythrocytes.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

6-Thioguanine Nucleotides (6-TGN): 235-450 pmol/8x10(8) RBC

6-Methylmercaptopurine (6-MMP): Less than or equal to 5700 pmol/8x10(8) RBC

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Target 6-thioguanine (6-TGN) concentrations are 235 to 450 pmol/8x10(8) RBC with lower levels suggesting suboptimal dosing and higher levels associated with increased risk of myelotoxicity and leukopenia. High 6-methylmercaptopurine (6-MMP) levels (greater than 5700 pmol/8x10[8] RBC) suggest an increased risk for hepatotoxicity and potentially "thiopurine hypermethylation."

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

This test cannot be used to predict optimal starting dose. It is sensitive to hemolysis and transport conditions. This test does not replace monitoring of patients using other laboratory tests (ie, CBC, liver function tests).

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Goel RM, Blaker P, Mentzer A, et al: Optimizing the use of thiopurines in inflammatory bowel disease. Ther Adv Chronic Dis. 2015;6(3):138-146

2. Shipkova M, Armstrong V, Wieland E, Oellerich M. Differences in Nucleotide Hydrolysis Contribute to the Differences between Erythrocyte 6-Thioguanine Nucleotide Concentrations Determined by Two Widely Used Methods. Clin Chem. 2003:49(2):260-268

3. Boulieu R, Dervieux T: High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of methyl 6-mercaptopurine nucleotides (Me6-MPN) in red blood cells: analysis of Me6-MPN per se or Me6-MPN derivative? J Chromatogr B. 1999:730:273-274

4. Kirchherr H, Shipkova M, Ahsen N: Improved Method for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of 6-Thioguanine Nucleotides and 6-Methylmercaptopurine in Whole-Blood by LC/MSMS Using Isotope-Labeled Internal Standards. Ther Drug Monit. 2013:35(3):313-321

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Red blood cell (RBC) count is first performed and then the thiopurine metabolites values are determined by mass spectrometry.(Unpublished Mayo Method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

2 to 4 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

14 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

80299

LOINC® Information

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
THIO Thiopurine Metabolites, B 82869-9
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Result LOINC Value Tooltip
49580 6-Thioguanine Nucleotides 32660-3
49581 6-Methylmercaptopurine 32654-6

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports