Test Catalog

Test Id : FGFR2

FGFR2 (10q26.1) Rearrangement, FISH, Tissue

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Providing prognostic information and guiding treatment for patients with cholangiocarcinomas and other tumor types including bladder, thyroid, oral cavity, and brain

Reflex Tests
Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
_PBCT Probe, +2 No, Bill Only No
_PADD Probe, +1 No, Bill Only No
_PB02 Probe, +2 No, Bill Only No
_PB03 Probe, +3 No, Bill Only No
_IL25 Interphases, <25 No, Bill Only No
_I099 Interphases, 25-99 No, Bill Only No
_I300 Interphases, >=100 No, Bill Only No

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test does not include a pathology consult. If a pathology consultation is requested, PATHC / Pathology Consultation should be ordered and the appropriate FISH test will be ordered and performed at an additional charge.

 

This test includes a charge for application of the first probe set (2 FISH probes) and professional interpretation of results. Additional charges will be incurred for all reflex probes performed. Analysis charges will be incurred based on the number of cells analyzed per probe set. If no cells are available for analysis, no analysis charges will be incurred.

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

FGFR2 (10q26.1), FISH, Ts

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Cholangiocarcinoma

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test does not include a pathology consult. If a pathology consultation is requested, PATHC / Pathology Consultation should be ordered and the appropriate FISH test will be ordered and performed at an additional charge.

 

This test includes a charge for application of the first probe set (2 FISH probes) and professional interpretation of results. Additional charges will be incurred for all reflex probes performed. Analysis charges will be incurred based on the number of cells analyzed per probe set. If no cells are available for analysis, no analysis charges will be incurred.

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Tissue

Necessary Information

1. A pathology report is required in order for testing to be performed. Acceptable pathology reports include working drafts, preliminary pathology or surgical pathology reports.

2. A reason for testing must be provided. If this information is not provided, an appropriate indication for testing may be entered by Mayo Clinic Laboratories.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Submit only 1 of the following specimens:

 

Specimen Type: Tissue

Container/Tube: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor tissue block

 

Specimen Type: Slides

Specimen Volume: Four consecutive, unstained, 5-micron thick sections placed on positively charged slides and 1 hematoxylin and eosin-stained slide

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send an Oncology Test Request (T729) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

Two consecutive, unstained, 5- micron- thick sections placed on positively charged slides, and 1 hematoxylin and eosin-stained slide.

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

All specimens will be evaluated at Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Tissue Ambient (preferred)
Refrigerated

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Providing prognostic information and guiding treatment for patients with cholangiocarcinomas and other tumor types including bladder, thyroid, oral cavity, and brain

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test does not include a pathology consult. If a pathology consultation is requested, PATHC / Pathology Consultation should be ordered and the appropriate FISH test will be ordered and performed at an additional charge.

 

This test includes a charge for application of the first probe set (2 FISH probes) and professional interpretation of results. Additional charges will be incurred for all reflex probes performed. Analysis charges will be incurred based on the number of cells analyzed per probe set. If no cells are available for analysis, no analysis charges will be incurred.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Cholangiocarcinoma is a malignancy arising from the biliary tract epithelium. These tumors are often clinically advanced at the time of presentation and the prognosis is very poor with a short overall survival. Treatment is generally limited to surgical resection, which is associated with a high degree of morbidity, and palliative chemotherapy regimens. Therefore, additional treatment options are eagerly sought.

 

Rearrangement of the FGFR2 gene region has been identified in a subset of cholangiocarcinomas. These rearrangements result in overexpression of FGFR2, which offers the possibility of using targeted FGFR2-inhibitor therapy for treatment. FGFR2 rearrangement has been identified in a number of other cancers including those of the bladder, thyroid, oral cavity, and brain. In the future, it is likely that the presence of FGFR2 rearrangements will be exploited in the treatment of these cancers as well.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

A positive result is detected when the percent of cells with an abnormality exceeds the normal cutoff for the probe set.

 

A positive result suggests rearrangement of the FGFR2 locus and a tumor that may be responsive to targeted FGFR2-inhibitor therapy.

 

A negative result suggests no rearrangement of the FGFR2 gene region at 10q26.1.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

This test is not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, and it is best used as an adjunct to existing clinical and pathologic information.

Fixatives other than formalin (eg, Prefer, Bouin) may not be successful for FISH assays; however, nonformalin fixed samples will not be rejected.

Paraffin-embedded tissues that have been decalcified are generally unsuccessful for FISH analysis. The pathologist reviewing the hematoxylin and eosin-stained slide may find it necessary to cancel testing.

Supportive Data

FISH analysis was performed on 38 paraffin-embedded tissue samples and 25 noncancerous lymph node control specimens. Rearrangement of FGFR2 was identified in 13 cholangiocarcinoma tumors. The normal controls were used to generate a normal cutoff for this assay.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Mitesh BJ, Champion MD, Egan JB, et al: Integrated Genomic Characterization Reveals Novel, Therapeutically Relevant Drug Targets in FGFR and EGFR Pathways in Sporadic Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma. PLOS Genetics 2014 Feb;10(2):e1004135

2. Graham RP, Barr Fritcher EG, Pestova E, et al: Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 translocations in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Hum Pathol 2014 Aug;45(8):1630-1638

3. Arai Y, Totoki Y, Hosoda F, et al: Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 tyrosine kinase fusions define a unique molecular subtype of cholangiocarcinoma. Hepatology 2014;59:1427-1434

4. Wu YM, Su F, Kalyana-Sundaram S, et al: Identification of targetable FGFR gene fusions in diverse cancers. Cancer Discov June 2013;3(6):636-647

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

The test is performed using a laboratory-developed FGFR2 (10q26.1) dual-color break-apart strategy probe (BAP). Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues are cut at 5 microns and mounted on positively charged glass slides. The selection of tissue and the identification of target areas on the hematoxylin and eosin (H and E)-stained slide is performed by a pathologist. Using the H and E-stained slide as a reference, target areas are etched with a diamond-tipped etcher on the back of the unstained slide to be assayed. The probe set is hybridized to the appropriate target areas and 2 technologists each analyze 50 interphase nuclei (100 total) with the results expressed as the percent of abnormal nuclei.(Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

7 to 10 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Slides and H&E used for analysis are retained by the laboratory in accordance to CAP and NYS requirements. Client provided paraffin blocks and extra unstained slides (if provided) will be returned after testing is complete.

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

88271x2, 88291 - DNA probe, each (first probe set), Interpretation and report

88271x2 - DNA probe, each; each additional probe set (if appropriate)

88271x1 - DNA probe, each; coverage for sets containing 3 probes (if appropriate)

88271x2 - DNA probe, each; coverage for sets containing 4 probes (if appropriate)

88271x3 - DNA probe, each; coverage for sets containing 5 probes (if appropriate)

88274 w/modifier 52 - Interphase in situ hybridization, <25 cells, each probe set (if appropriate)

88274 - Interphase in situ hybridization, 25 to 99 cells, each probe set (if appropriate)      

88275 - Interphase in situ hybridization, 100 to 300 cells, each probe set (if appropriate)

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports