Test Catalog

Test Id : CHAGS

Trypanosoma cruzi Total Antibody, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Serum

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Diagnosis of chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection (Chagas disease)

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.


Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

T. cruzi Total Ab, EIA, S

Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching


American trypanosomiasis


Chagas disease

Kissing bug


T. cruzi




Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing


Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Collection Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 0.7 mL

Collection Instructions: Centrifuge and aliquot serum into a plastic vial.


If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send Infectious Disease Serology Test Request (T916) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the testing laboratory. The minimum volume is sufficient for one attempt at testing.

0.6 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Frozen 14 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Diagnosis of chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection (Chagas disease)

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis) is an acute and chronic infection caused by the protozoan hemoflagellate Trypanosoma cruzi. T cruzi is endemic in many areas of South and Central America. The parasite is usually transmitted by the bite of reduviid (or "kissing") bugs of the genus Triatoma but may also be transmitted by blood transfusion, organ transplantation, food ingestion, and vertically from mother to fetus. The acute febrile infection is frequently undiagnosed and often resolves spontaneously. Diagnosis of acute T cruzi infection is most frequently confirmed by microscopic identification of trypomastigotes in fresh preparations of anticoagulated blood or buffy coat or by molecular detection. Parasitemia decreases and is undetectable within approximately 90 days of infection.


Chronic T cruzi infections are often asymptomatic but may progress to produce disabling and life-threatening cardiac (cardiomegaly, conduction defects) and gastrointestinal (megaesophagus and megacolon) disease. These damaged tissues contain the intracellular amastigote of T cruzi. The parasite is not seen in the blood during the chronic phase. Diagnosis of chronic T cruzi infection relies on serologic detection of antibodies to this organism. However, no single serologic assay is sensitive and specific enough to be relied upon alone. Therefore, per current guidelines and the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, serologic confirmation of chronic T cruzi infection requires positivity on 2 tests utilizing 2 different methodologies or 2 different T cruzi antigen preparations. When results are discordant, testing by a third assay is recommended to resolve the initial results or, alternatively, repeat testing on a new sample may be required.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.


Reference values apply to all ages.

Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

False-positive results may occur in patients infected with Leishmania or other Trypanosoma species, including Trypanosoma rangeli.


Diagnosis of chronic Chagas disease requires both clinical evaluation (including exposure history) and laboratory testing. Chagas disease should not be diagnosed based on a single serologic result alone.


A single negative result does not exclude the diagnosis of Chagas disease as antibodies to the pathogen may not yet be detectable. Sensitivity of the assay may be decreased in significantly immunosuppressed patients.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Bern C, Montgomery SP, Herwaldt BL, et al: Evaluation and treatment of Chagas disease in the United States: A Systematic Review. JAMA. 2007 Nov 14;298(18):2171-2181

2. Bern C, Messenger LA, Whitman JD, Maguire JH: Chagas disease in the United States: a public health approach. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2019 Nov 27;33(1):e00023-19. doi: 10.1128/CMR.00023-19

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.


Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

Same day/1 to 8 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

14 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test


Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

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  • Prospective clients should contact their account representative. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.


LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
CHAGS T. cruzi Total Ab, EIA, S 57320-4
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
CHAGS T. cruzi Total Ab, EIA, S 57320-4

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports