Test Catalog

Test Id : ANCA2

Cytoplasmic Neutrophil Antibodies, Inflammatory Bowel Disease Panel, Serum

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Measurement of antineutrophil cytoplastic antibodies as a part of a profile to aid in distinguishing between ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease in patients for whom the specific diagnosis is unclear based on endoscopic, pathologic, and imaging evaluations

 

This test is not useful for determining the extent of disease in patients with inflammatory bowel disease or determining the response to disease-specific therapy including surgical resection of diseased intestine.

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Only orderable as part of a profile. For more information see IBDP2 / Inflammatory Bowel Disease Serology Panel, Serum.

 

Indirect Immunofluorescent Assay (IFA)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Cytoplasmic Neutrophilic Ab IBD, S

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Serum

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Only orderable as part of a profile. For more information see IBDP2 / Inflammatory Bowel Disease Serology Panel, Serum.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

0.4 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia Reject
Gross icterus OK
Heat-treated specimen Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 21 days
Frozen 21 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Measurement of antineutrophil cytoplastic antibodies as a part of a profile to aid in distinguishing between ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease in patients for whom the specific diagnosis is unclear based on endoscopic, pathologic, and imaging evaluations

 

This test is not useful for determining the extent of disease in patients with inflammatory bowel disease or determining the response to disease-specific therapy including surgical resection of diseased intestine.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to 2 diseases-ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn disease (CD), both of which result from chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.(1) CD is characterized by chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fatigue.(2) In comparison, UC frequently presents with bloody diarrhea that is of an urgent nature.(3) Inflammation in UC most frequently affects the rectum and proximal colon, and presents with continue mucosal involvement. In CD, inflammation can affect almost any area of the GI tract and is usually evidenced as patchy, transmural lesions. 

 

Diagnosis of IBD is primarily based on clinical evaluation, endoscopy with biopsy, and imaging studies.(4) Because CD and UC are characterized by GI inflammation, fecal calprotectin can be used to differentiate IBD from noninflammatory conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Fecal calprotectin is useful in excluding IBD as a diagnosis and avoiding unnecessary endoscopic or imaging procedures.

 

CD and UC are associated with the presence of various antimicrobial and autoantibodies.(5) Patients with UC often have measurable antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), which react with as yet uncharacterized target antigens in human neutrophils; in contrast, patients with CD often have measurable IgA and/or IgG antibodies, which react with cell wall mannan of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Despite these associations, current guidelines indicate that testing for these antibodies is not sufficiently sensitive for use in the diagnosis of IBD.(2,3) Rather, these antibodies should be limited to distinguishing between CD and UC in cases where the specific diagnosis is unclear from pathologic and imaging studies.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Only orderable as part of a profile. For more information see IBDP2 / Inflammatory Bowel Disease Serology Panel, Serum.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

The presence of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) in the absence of IgA and IgG anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA) is consistent with the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis (UC); the presence of IgA and IgG ASCA in the absence of ANCA is consistent with Crohn disease (CD).

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Results from this test should not be exclusively relied upon to establish the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn disease (CD) or to distinguish between these 2 diseases. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) are most useful for distinguishing between UC and CD when assessed in conjunction with Saccharomyces cerevisiae IgA and IgG antibodies (ASCA).

 

Some patients with CD have detectable ANCA, and some patients with UC have detectable IgA and/or IgG ASCA.

 

ANCA results may be reported as indeterminate if interfering antinuclear antibodies (ANA) are present.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Rose NR, Mackay IR, eds. Inflammatory bowel diseases. In: The Autoimmune Diseases. Elsevier; 2008

2. Lichtenstein GR, Loftus EV, Isaacs KL, Regueiro MD, Gerson LB, Sands BE: ACG Clinical Guideline: Management of Crohn’s disease in adults. Am J Gastroenterol. 2018;113:481-517

3. Rubin DT, Ananthakrishnan AN, Siegel CA, Sauer BG, Long MD: ACG Clinical Guideline: Ulcerative colitis in adults. Am J Gastroenterol. 2019;114:384-413

4. Clark C, Turner J: Diagnostic modalities for inflammatory bowel disease: Serologic markers and endoscopy. Surg Clin North Am. 2015;95:1123-1141

5. Zhou G, Song Y, Yang W, et al: ASCA, ANCA, ALCA and many more: Are they useful in the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease? Dig Dis. 2016;34:90-97

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) are detected qualitatively using an in-house developed method with a substrate of ethanol-fixed, human neutrophils and fluorescein conjugated, antihuman IgG antibody as a detection protein. Results of the test for ANCA are reported as positive, negative, or indeterminate.(Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

14 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

86255

LOINC® Information

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
ANCA2 Cytoplasmic Neutrophilic Ab IBD, S 17355-9
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Result LOINC Value Tooltip
610030 Cytoplasmic Neutrophilic Ab IBD, S 17355-9
614542 ANCA2 Interpretation 49308-0

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports