Test Catalog

Test Id : CSPCF

Plasma Cell Proliferative Disorder, Pre-Analysis Cell Sorting, Bone Marrow

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Aiding in the diagnosis of new cases of multiple myeloma or other plasma cell proliferative disorders

 

Sorting plasma cells for fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Only orderable as a reflex. See PCPDS / Plasma Cell Proliferative Disorder, High Risk with Reflex Probes, Diagnostic FISH Evaluation, Bone Marrow

 

Flow Cytometric Cell Selection

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

PCPDS Pre-Analysis Cell Sorting, BM

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Bone Marrow

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Only orderable as a reflex. See PCPDS / Plasma Cell Proliferative Disorder, High Risk with Reflex Probes, Diagnostic FISH Evaluation, Bone Marrow

 

Specimen Type: Bone marrow

Preferred: Yellow top (ACD)

Acceptable: Lavender top (EDTA) or green top (heparin)

Specimen Volume: 4 mL

Collection Instructions: Invert several times to mix bone marrow

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

1 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Other Fully clotted

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Bone Marrow Ambient (preferred) 4 days
Refrigerated 4 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Aiding in the diagnosis of new cases of multiple myeloma or other plasma cell proliferative disorders

 

Sorting plasma cells for fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Multiple myeloma is a hematologic neoplasm that generally originates in the bone marrow and develops from malignant plasma cells. There are four main categories of plasma cell proliferative disorders: monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition diseases (amyloidosis), plasmacytoma, and multiple myeloma. MGUS, which occurs in 3% to 4% of individuals over age 50 years, represents the identification of an asymptomatic monoclonal protein, yet approximately 1% per year will progress to multiple myeloma. Amyloidosis represents a rare group of deposition disorders including primary amyloidosis vs. light chain and heavy chain disease. Plasmacytomas represent isolated collections of bone or extramedullary plasma cells with a risk for development of multiple myeloma. Generalized bone pain, anemia, limb numbness or weakness, symptoms of hypercalcemia, and recurrent infections are all symptoms that may indicate multiple myeloma.

 

As myeloma progresses, the malignant plasma cells interfere with normal blood product formation in the bone marrow resulting in anemia and leukopenia. Myeloma also causes an overstimulation of osteoclasts, causing excessive breakdown of bone tissue without the normal corresponding bone formation. These bone lesions are seen in approximately 66% of myeloma patients. In advanced disease, bone loss may reach a degree where the patient suffers fractures easily.

 

Multiple myeloma is increasingly recognized as a disease characterized by marked cytogenetic, molecular, and proliferative heterogeneity. This heterogeneity is manifested clinically by varying degrees of disease aggressiveness. Multiple myeloma patients with more aggressive disease experience suboptimal responses to some therapeutic approaches; therefore, identifying these patients is critically important for selecting appropriate treatment options.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Only orderable as a reflex. See PCPDS / Plasma Cell Proliferative Disorder, High Risk with Reflex Probes, Diagnostic FISH Evaluation, Bone Marrow

 

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Correlation with clinical, histopathologic and additional laboratory findings is required for final interpretation of these results. The final interpretation of results for clinical management of the patient is the responsibility of the managing physician.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

No significant cautionary statements

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1 Swerdlow S, Campo E, Harris NL, et al: WHO Classification of Tumours of Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues. 4th ed. IARC Press; 2017

2. Kumar SK, Rajkumar SV: The multiple myelomas-current concepts in cytogenetic classification and therapy. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2018;15(7):409-421. doi: 10.1038/s41571-018-0018-y

3. Rajkumar SV, Landgren O, Mateos MV: Smoldering multiple myeloma. Blood. 2015 May 14;125(20):3069-3075. doi: 10.1182/blood-2014-09-568899

4. Muchtar E, Dispenzieri A, Kumar S et al: Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization in untreated AL amyloidosis has an independent prognostic impact by abnormality type and treatment category. Leukemia. 2017 Jul;31(7);1562-1569. doi: 10.1038/leu.2016.369

5. Lakshman A, Paul S, Rajkumar SV et al: Prognostic significance of interphase FISH in monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. Leukemia. 2018 Aug;32(8);1811-1815. doi: 10.1038/s41375-018-0030-3

6. Bochtler T, Hegenbart U, Kunz C, et al: Prognostic impact of cytogenetic aberrations in AL amyloidosis patients after high-dose melphalan: a long-term follow-up study. Blood. 2016 Jul 28;128(4):594-602. doi: 10.1182/blood-2015-10-7

7. Treatment guidelines: multiple myeloma. mSMART 3.0. Accessed January 16, 2020.  Available at www.msmart.org/mm-treatment-guidelines

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Selection of plasma cells using fluorescence activated cell sorting is the most direct and robust method of obtaining relatively pure plasma cell populations for fluorescence in situ hybridization assessment.(Instruction manual: Cell Sorter. Sony Corporation; LE-SH800, 2015)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

1 to 7 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

4 weeks

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

88184-Flow Cytometry; first cell surface, cytoplasmic or nuclear marker

88185 x 5-Flow Cytometry, additional cell surface, cytoplasmic or nuclear marker (each)

LOINC® Information

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.
CSPCF PCPDS Pre-Analysis Cell Sorting, BM No LOINC Needed
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
607684 PCPDS Pre-Analysis Cell Sort No LOINC Needed
607689 Final Diagnosis No LOINC Needed

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Create a PDF

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports