Test Catalog

Test Id : RAT10

Citrate/Creatinine Ratio, Urine

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Calculating the citrate concentration per creatinine

 

Diagnosing risk factors for patients with calcium kidney stones

 

Monitoring results of therapy in patients with calcium stones or renal tubular acidosis

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Only orderable as part of a profile. For more information see CITRA / Citrate Excretion, Random, Urine.

 

Calculation

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Citrate/Creatinine Ratio

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Citric Acid, Urine

Urinary Citrate Excretion

RAT10

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Urine

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Only orderable as part of a profile. For more information see CITRA / Citrate Excretion, Random, Urine.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

1 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

All specimens will be evaluated at Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Urine Refrigerated (preferred) 14 days
Frozen 14 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Calculating the citrate concentration per creatinine

 

Diagnosing risk factors for patients with calcium kidney stones

 

Monitoring results of therapy in patients with calcium stones or renal tubular acidosis

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Urinary citrate is a major inhibitor of kidney stone formation due in part to binding of calcium in urine. Low urine citrate levels are considered a risk for kidney stone formation. Several metabolic disorders are associated with low urine citrate. Any condition that lowers renal tubular pH or intracellular pH may decrease citrate (eg, metabolic acidosis, increased acid ingestion, hypokalemia, or hypomagnesemia).

 

Low urinary citrate is subject to therapy by correcting acidosis, hypokalemia, or hypomagnesemia by altering diet or using drugs such as citrate and potassium.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Only orderable as part of a profile. For more information see CITRA / Citrate Excretion, Random, Urine.

 

No established reference values

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

A low citrate value represents a potential risk for kidney stone formation/growth. Patients with low urinary citrate and new or growing stone formation may benefit from adjustments in therapy known to increase urinary citrate excretion.

 

Very low citrate levels suggest investigation for the possible diagnosis of metabolic acidosis (eg, renal tubular acidosis).

 

For children ages 5 to 18, a ratio of less than 0.176 mg citrate/ mg creatinine is below the 5% reference range and considered low.(1)

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Drugs that lower systemic pH, potassium, and/or magnesium also lower urine citrate and are to be avoided in patients with tendency to form calcium stones. Conversely, drugs that raise systemic pH, potassium, and/or magnesium may raise urine citrate and should be considered when treating patients or interpreting results.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Srivastava T, Winston MJ, Auron A et al: Urine calcium/citrate ratio in children with hypercalciuric stones. Pediatr Res. 2009;66:85-90

2. Hosking DH, Wilson JW, Liedtke RR, et al: The urinary excretion of citrate in normal persons and patients with idiopathic calcium urolithiasis (abstract). Urol Res. 1984;12:26

3. Lieske JC, Wang X: Heritable traits that contribute to nephrolithiasis. Urolithiasis. 2019 Feb;47(1):5-10

4. Lieske JC, Turner ST, Edeh SN, Smith JA, Kardia SLR: Heritability of urinary traits that contribute to nephrolithiasis. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2014 May;9(5):943-950. doi: 10.2215/CJN.08210813

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

This test calculates the citrate concentration per creatinine. This calculation is performed in the Laboratory Information system, SCC Soft.

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Saturday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

Same day/1 day

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

7 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

Not Applicable

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

82507

LOINC® Information

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
RAT10 Citrate/Creatinine Ratio 13722-4
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Result LOINC Value Tooltip
RAT10 Citrate/Creatinine Ratio 13722-4

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports