Test Catalog

Test Id : RTSC

Reptilase Time, Plasma

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Evaluation of a prolonged thrombin time (TT): It is mainly used to confirm or exclude the presence of heparin in the specimen or specimen type

 

Evaluating hypofibrinogenemia or dysfibrinogenemia in conjunction with the TT and fibrinogen assay

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Optical Clot-Based

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Reptilase Time, P

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Reptilase Time, Plasma

RT (Reptilase Time)

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Plasma Na Cit

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

See Coagulation Guidelines for Specimen Handling and Processing in Special Instructions.

 

Specimen Type: Platelet-poor plasma

Collection Container/Tube: Light-blue top (citrate)

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions:

1.Centrifuge, remove plasma, and centrifuge plasma again.

2. Freeze plasma immediately (no longer than 4 hours after collection) at -20 degrees C or, ideally < or =-40 degrees C.

Additional Information:

1. Double-centrifuged specimen is critical for accurate results as platelet contamination may cause spurious results.

2. Each coagulation assay requested should have its own vial.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Coagulation Test Request (T753) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

0.5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia Reject
Gross icterus Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma Na Cit Frozen (preferred) 14 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Evaluation of a prolonged thrombin time (TT): It is mainly used to confirm or exclude the presence of heparin in the specimen or specimen type

 

Evaluating hypofibrinogenemia or dysfibrinogenemia in conjunction with the TT and fibrinogen assay

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Prolonged clotting times may be associated with a wide variety of coagulation abnormalities including:

-Deficiency or functional abnormality (congenital or acquired) of any of the coagulation proteins

-Deficiency or functional abnormality of platelets

-Specific factor inhibitors

-Acute disseminated intravascular coagulation

-Exogenous anticoagulants (eg, heparin, warfarin)

 

The prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) are first-order tests for coagulation abnormalities and are prolonged in many bleeding disorders. A battery of coagulation tests is often required to determine the cause of prolonged clotting times. The thrombin time (TT) test is used to identify the cause of prolonged APTT or dilute Russell viper venom time (DRVVT). Reptilase time (RT) test is used to evaluate a prolonged TT.

 

Reptilase is a thrombin-like enzyme isolated from the venom of Bothrops atrox. Thrombin splits small fibrinopeptides A and B from fibrinogen molecules, producing fibrin monomer, which polymerizes to form a clot. Reptilase, however, splits off fibrinopeptide A but not B, which results in fibrin polymerization. In contrast to thrombin and the TT test which are inhibited by heparin, the RT is normal in the presence of heparin. Similar to the TT test, the RT is prolonged in the presence of hypofibrinogenemia and dysfibrinogenemia.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

14.0-23.9 seconds

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

As seen in the following table, reptilase time can help distinguish among the various causes of a prolonged thrombin time (TT).

 

Thrombin Time

Reptilase Time

Causes

Remarks

Prolonged

Prolonged

Hypo- or afibrinogenemia

Ascertain by determination of fibrinogen

Prolonged

Prolonged

Dysfibrinogenemia

Ascertain by specific assay

Prolonged

Normal

Heparin or inhibitor of thrombin

Differentiate by human TT and/or heparin assays

Prolonged

Prolonged

Fibrin(ogen) split products (FSP)

Ascertain by FSP or D-dimer assay

 

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

The reptilase time test has limited diagnostic value when ordered as a stand-alone test.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Greaves M, Preston FE: Approach to the bleeding patient. In Hemostasis and Thrombosis: Basic Principles and Clinical Practice. Fourth edition. Edited by RW Colman, J Hirsh, VJ Marder, et al: Philadelphia, JB Lippincott Company, 2001, pp 783-837

2. Funk C, Gmur J, Herold R, Straub PW: Reptilase-R: A new reagent in blood coagulation. Br J Haematol 1971 July;21(1):43-52

3. Latallo ZS, Teisseyre E: Evaluation of reptilase R and thrombin clotting time in the presence of fibrinogen degradation products and heparin. Scand J Haematol Suppl 1971;13:261-266

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

1 hour to 4 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

7 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been modified from the manufacturer's instructions. Its performance characteristics were determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

85635

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
RTSC Reptilase Time, P 6683-7
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
RTSC Reptilase Time, P 6683-7

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports