Test Catalog

Test Id : APTTP

Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time, Plasma

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Monitoring heparin therapy (unfractionated heparin)

 

Screening for certain coagulation factor deficiencies

 

Detection of coagulation inhibitors such as lupus anticoagulant, specific factor inhibitors, and nonspecific inhibitors

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Coagulometric (Turbidimetric)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Activated Partial Thrombopl Time, P

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT)

APTT (Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time)

Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT)

Partial Thromboplastin Time, Activated

PTT (Partial Thromboplastin Time)

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Plasma Na Cit

Ordering Guidance

The primary method for therapeutic heparin monitoring is the heparin anti-Xa assay. Order  HEPTP / Heparin Anti-Xa Assay, Plasma.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Specimen Type: Platelet-poor plasma

Collection Container/Tube: Light-blue top (3.2% sodium citrate)

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Centrifuge, remove plasma and centrifuge plasma again.

2. Aliquot plasma into plastic vial leaving 0.25 mL in the bottom of centrifuged vial.

Additional Information: Double-centrifuged specimen is critical for accurate results as platelet contamination may cause spurious results.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

0.5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia OK
Gross icterus OK

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma Na Cit Frozen (preferred) 30 days
Ambient 4 hours

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Monitoring heparin therapy (unfractionated heparin)

 

Screening for certain coagulation factor deficiencies

 

Detection of coagulation inhibitors such as lupus anticoagulant, specific factor inhibitors, and nonspecific inhibitors

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

The activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) assay is used as a screening test to evaluate the overall integrity of the intrinsic/common coagulation pathway and to monitor patients on heparin therapy.

 

This test reflects the activities of most of the coagulation factors in the intrinsic and common procoagulant pathway, but not the extrinsic procoagulant pathway, which includes factor VII and tissue factor, nor the activity of factor XIII (fibrin stabilizing factor).

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

25-37 seconds

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Prolongation of the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) can occur as a result of deficiency of one or more coagulation factors (acquired or congenital in origin), or the presence of an inhibitor of coagulation such as heparin, a lupus anticoagulant, a nonspecific inhibitor such as a monoclonal immunoglobulin, or a specific coagulation factor inhibitor. Prolonged clotting times may also be observed in cases of fibrinogen deficiency, liver disease, and vitamin K deficiency.

 

Shortening of the APTT usually reflects either elevation of factor VIII activity in vivo that most often occurs in association with acute or chronic illness or inflammation, or spurious results associated with either difficult venipuncture and specimen collection or suboptimal specimen processing.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) results may be affected by many commonly administered drugs and should be considered as a potential source of unexpected abnormal results.

 

APTT testing will not detect all lupus anticoagulants, antiphospholipid antibodies, or coagulation inhibitors. SynthASil reagent is reportedly sensitive to decreased concentration of intrinsic factors resulting in an abnormal APTT value when factors VIII, IX, XI, and XII levels were in the 35% to 60% range.

 

Mixing studies may be indicated to further evaluate specimens with an unexplained prolonged APTT.

Supportive Data

The activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) reference interval of 25 to 37 seconds was determined by verifying the IL package insert.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). One-stage PT and APTT test; Approved Guideline Second Edition. H47-A2, 2008

2. Greaves M, Preston FE: Approach to the bleeding patient. In Hemostasis and Thrombosis: Basic Principles and Clinical Practice. Fourth edition. Edited by RW Colman, J Hirsh, VJ Marder, et al. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott Co, 2001, pp 1197-1234

3. Boender J, Kruip MJ, Leebeek FW: A Diagnostic Approach to Mild Bleeding Disorders. J Thromb Haemost 2016;Aug;14(8):1507-1516. doi: 10.1111/jth.13368

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Coagulometric (turbidimetric) clot detection is based on the principle that light passing through a medium in which fibrinogen is converted to fibrin is absorbed by the fibrin strands. Light at 671 nm is transmitted through a sample onto a photodetector, which is positioned 180 degrees to the source. Light absorption increases as fibrin clot formation progresses. Consequently, light transmittance through the sample continuously decreases and is measured by the photodetector. The corresponding electrical signal output from the photodetector changes according to the detected light. The signal output is processed via software through a series of algorithms to determine the clot point.

 

In this test, the incubation of plasma sample with an optimal quantity of phospholipid, a negatively charged contact activator, and buffer initiates the activation of the intrinsic coagulation pathway. After incubation at 37 degrees C, calcium is added to trigger the coagulation process and the time required for clot formation is measured. The activated partial thromboplastin included in the SynthASil kit is a liquid buffered reagent that contains synthetic phospholipid for optimal platelet-like activity and highly defined nonsettling colloidal silica for optimal activation of the contact phase of coagulation.(Package insert: HemosIL SynthASil; IL ACL TOP Operator's Manual. Instrumentation Laboratory, Bedford, MA. R11. 06/2017)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Sunday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

Same day/1 day

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

24 hours

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

85730

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
APTTP Activated Partial Thrombopl Time, P 14979-9
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
APTTP Activated Partial Thrombopl Time, P 14979-9

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Create a PDF

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports