Test Catalog

Test ID: FAO    
Fatty Acid Oxidation Probe Assay, Fibroblast Culture

Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Skin fibroblasts are incubated with cell medium enriched with palmitic acid (C16:0 fatty acid), L-carnitine, and isotopically labeled L-valine ([13]C-Val) and L-isoleucine ([13]C-Ile). Cell lines deficient of one of the enzymes involved in fatty acid oxidation and branched chain amino acid metabolism fail to metabolize acyl-CoA species, which accumulate in the cell medium as acylcarnitines. The medium is separated from the cells following the incubation. The cell pellet is used for protein determination and the medium will be spotted and dried on filter paper. An acylcarnitine analysis is performed by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) using a 1/4" filter paper punch, following the addition of isotopically labeled acylcarnitines as internal standards, extraction and derivatization to methyl esters. The assay is performed in triplicate.(Matern D: Acylcarnitines, incl. in vitro loading tests. In: Blau N, Duran M, Gibson KM, eds. Laboratory Guide to the Methods in Biochemical Genetics. Springer-Verlag; 2008; Cowan T, Pasquali M: Laboratory Investigations of Inborn Errors of Metabolism. In: Sarafoglou K, Hoffman GF, Roth KS, eds. Pediatric Endocrinology and Inborn Errors of Metabolism. 2nd ed. 2017:1139-1158)

PDF Report Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.


Analytic Time Defines the amount of time it takes the laboratory to setup and perform the test. This is defined in number of days. The shortest interval of time expressed is "same day/1 day," which means the results may be available the same day that the sample is received in the testing laboratory. One day means results are available 1 day after the sample is received in the laboratory.

15 to 71 days depending on rapidity of growth

Maximum Laboratory Time Defines the maximum time from specimen receipt at Mayo Clinic Laboratories until the release of the test result

71 days

Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

3 years-Check with the lab for availability

Performing Laboratory Location Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test