Test Catalog

Test ID: NMS1    
Necrotizing Myopathy Evaluation, Serum

Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Signal recognition protein (SRP) Indirect Immunofluorescence Assay (IFA):

The patient’s sample is tested by a standardized IFA that uses composite frozen sections of mouse cerebellum, kidney, and gut tissues. After incubation with patient sample and washing, fluorescein-conjugated goat antihuman IgG is applied. SRP-specific autoantibodies are identified by their characteristic fluorescence staining patterns. Samples that are scored positive are titrated to an endpoint. Interference by coexisting non-neuron-specific autoantibodies is eliminated or lessened by serologic absorption. This method does not distinguish between antibodies against different SRP proteins.(Package insert: EUROLINE Autoimmune Inflammatory Myopathies 16 Ag (IgG) test instruction. EUROIMMUN Medizinische Labordiagnostika AG, Lübeck, Germany. Version: 20/03/2018)



IgG antibodies to 3-Hydroxy-3- Methylglutaryl Coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) are detected by a chemiluminescent assay using the Inova BIO-FLASH instrument. HMGCR antigen is coated on to paramagnetic beads, which are stored in the reagent cartridge lyophilized. When the assay cartridge is ready to be used for the first time, a buffer solution is added to the tube containing the beads, and the beads are resuspended with the buffer. The reagent cartridge is then loaded onto the BIO-FLASH instrument. A patient serum sample is diluted 1:17 by the instrument in a disposable plastic cuvette. An aliquot of the diluted patient serum, HMGCR-coupled beads, and assay buffer are combined into a second cuvette, and mixed. This cuvette is incubated at 37 degrees C. The beads are then magnetized and washed several times. Isoluminol conjugated anti-human IgG antibody is then added to the cuvette, and incubated at 37 degrees C. Again, the beads are magnetized and washed repeatedly. The isoluminol conjugate produces a luminescent reaction when "Trigger" reagents are added to the cuvette. The light produced from this reaction is measured as Relative Light Units (RLU) by the BIO-FLASH optical system. RLU values are proportional to the amount of bound isoluminol conjugate, which in turn is proportional to the amount of anti-HMGCR antibodies bound to the antigen on the beads. The QUANTA Flash HMGCR assay utilizes a predefined lot specific Master Curve that is uploaded into the instrument through the reagent cartridge barcode. Based on the results obtained by running two calibrators, an instrument specific Working Curve is created, which is used by the software to calculate chemiluminescent units (CU) from the RLU value obtained for each sample.(Package insert: QUANTA Flash HMGCR 701333 Inova Diagnostics, Inc, San Diego ,CA) v04, 09/2018


SRP Immunoblot:

The assay is performed using the EUROBlotOne instrument. All reagents required are supplied in the kit. Samples are diluted 1:100 (15 mcL in 1.5 mL sample buffer) and added to the strips placed in incubation trays. The sample and test strips are incubated for 30 minutes at room temperature. Unbound antibodies are removed from trays by washing steps using wash buffer. Bound patient IgG antibodies are detected by adding antihuman-IgG antibodies coupled to horse radish peroxidase followed by incubation at room temperature for 30 minutes. The strips are washed again to remove excess antihuman-IgG antibodies. The substrate is added for 10 minutes (room temperature) and the reaction is subsequently stopped. The strip is scanned and band intensities are digitized. The digital image is converted to band signal intensities by the EUROLineScan software and these are normalized to an internal standard. Bands corresponding to SRP with signal intensities of 15 U (arbitrary) or greater are reported as positive. The SRP antigen used is recombinant SRP 54. Positive immunoblot results confirm that a patient’s serum contains antibodies directed against the SRP 54 subunit. Negative immunoblot results do exclude the presence of SRP antibodies.(Package insert: EUROLINE Autoimmune Inflammatory Myopathies 16 Ag (IgG) test instruction. EUROIMMUN Medizinische Labordiagnostika AG, Lübeck, Germany. Version: 20/03/2018)

PDF Report Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.

Signal Recognition Particle Antibody:

Tuesday, Thursday; 2 p.m.


Signal Recognition Particle Antibody Screen:

Tuesday, Thursday, Sunday; 6 a.m.


Signal Recognition Particle Antibody, Titer:

Tuesday, Thursday, Sunday; 6 a.m.


3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl Coenzyme-A (HMG-CoA) Reductase:

Monday through Friday; 6 p.m.

Analytic Time Defines the amount of time it takes the laboratory to setup and perform the test. This is defined in number of days. The shortest interval of time expressed is "same day/1 day," which means the results may be available the same day that the sample is received in the testing laboratory. One day means results are available 1 day after the sample is received in the laboratory.

10 days

Maximum Laboratory Time Defines the maximum time from specimen receipt at Mayo Clinic Laboratories until the release of the test result

14 days

Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

28 days

Performing Laboratory Location Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test