Test Catalog

Test Id : IGD

Immunoglobulin D (IgD), Serum

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Providing information on the humoral immune status


Identifying an IgD monoclonal gammopathy

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test


NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.


Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Immunoglobulin D (IgD), S

Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

IgD (Immunoglobulin D)

Immune Competence

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing


Ordering Guidance

To distinguish between polyclonal and monoclonal IgD, order PEISO / Protein Electrophoresis and Isotype, Serum.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Supplies: Sarstedt 5 mL Aliquot Tube (T914)

Patient Preparation: Fasting preferred but not required

Collection Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions: Centrifuge and aliquot serum into plastic vial.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

0.5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis OK
Gross lipemia Reject
Gross icterus OK
Heat-activated specimen Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 28 days
Frozen 28 days
Ambient 21 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Providing information on the humoral immune status


Identifying an IgD monoclonal gammopathy

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Antibodies or immunoglobulins are formed by plasma cells as a humoral immune response to antigens. The first antibodies formed after antigen stimulation are of the IgM class, followed later by IgG and IgA antibodies. IgD normally occurs in serum in trace amounts.


Increased serum immunoglobulin concentrations occur due to polyclonal or oligoclonal immunoglobulin proliferation in hepatic diseases (chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis), acute and chronic infections, autoimmune diseases, as well as in the cord blood of neonates with intrauterine and perinatal infections. Increases in serum immunoglobulin concentration are seen in monoclonal gammopathies such as multiple myeloma, Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, primary amyloidosis, and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance.


Decreased serum immunoglobulin concentrations occur in primary immunodeficiency conditions as well as in secondary immune insufficiencies including advanced monoclonal gammopathies, lymphatic leukemia, and advanced malignant tumors.


Changes in IgD concentration are used as a marker of changes in the size of the clone of monoclonal IgD plasma cells.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

< or =10 mg/dL

Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

The physiologic significance of serum IgD concentration is unclear and in many normal persons serum IgD is undetectable.


Increased concentrations may be due to polyclonal (reactive) or monoclonal plasma cell proliferative processes.


A monoclonal IgD protein is present in 1% of patients with myeloma. Monoclonal IgD proteins are often in low concentrations and do not have a quantifiable monoclonal protein on serum protein electrophoresis. However, the presence of an IgD monoclonal protein is almost always indicative of a malignant plasma cell disorder such as multiple myeloma or primary amyloidosis.

Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

An elevated IgD cannot be taken as evidence for a monoclonal IgD protein. PEISO / Protein Electrophoresis and Isotype, Serum should be performed to distinguish between a polyclonal and monoclonal IgD.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Blade J, Lust JA, Kyle RA: Immunoglobulin D multiple myeloma: Presenting features, response to therapy, and survival in a series of 53 cases. J Clin Oncol. 1994;12(11):2398-2404. doi: 10.1200/JCO.1994.12.11.2398

2. Kyle RA, Katzmann JA: Immunochemical characterization of immunoglobulins. In: Rose NR, de Macario EC, Folds JD, et al: eds. Manual of Clinical Laboratory Immunology. 5th ed. ASM Press; 1997:156-176

3. Rifai N, Horvath AR, Wittwer C. eds. Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. 6th ed. Elsevier; 2018:1888

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

The determination of the soluble antigen concentration by turbidimetric methods involves the reaction with specific anti-serum to form insoluble complexes. When light is passed through the suspension formed a portion of the light is transmitted and focused onto a photodiode by an optical lens system. The amount of transmitted light is indirectly proportional to the specific protein concentration in the test sample. Concentrations are automatically calculated by reference to a calibrations curve stored within the instrument.(Package insert: Optilite IgD Kit. The Binding Site Group, Ltd; 08/2018)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

2 to 4 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

14 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test


Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their account representative. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.


LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
IGD Immunoglobulin D (IgD), S 2460-4
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
IGD Immunoglobulin D (IgD), S 2460-4

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports

Test Update Resources

Change Type Effective Date
Test Status - Test Resumed 2022-05-23
Test Status - Test Down 2021-12-06