Test Catalog

Test Id : CTX

Beta-CrossLaps, Serum

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Monitoring antiresorptive therapies (eg, bisphosphonates and hormone replacement therapy) in postmenopausal women treated for osteoporosis and individuals diagnosed with osteopenia

 

An adjunct in the diagnosis of medical conditions associated with increased bone turnover

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Electrochemiluminescence Immunoassay (ECLIA)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Beta-CrossLaps (B-CTx), S

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

B-CTx

Beta CrossLaps

Beta-CTx

C-Telopeptide

C-terminal collagen crosslinks

Carboxy terminal collagen crosslinks

CTx

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Serum

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Patient Preparation:

1. For 12 hours before specimen collection do not take multivitamins or dietary supplements containing biotin (vitamin B7), which is commonly found in hair, skin, and nail supplements and multivitamins.

2. Patient should be fasting.

Supplies: Aliquot Tube, 5 mL (T465)

Collection Container/Tube:

Preferred: Red top

Acceptable: Serum gel

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial, 5 mL

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Collect specimen prior to 10 a.m.

2. Centrifuge and aliquot serum into plastic vial.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

0.75 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia OK

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Frozen (preferred) 90 days
Refrigerated 72 hours

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Monitoring antiresorptive therapies (eg, bisphosphonates and hormone replacement therapy) in postmenopausal women treated for osteoporosis and individuals diagnosed with osteopenia

 

An adjunct in the diagnosis of medical conditions associated with increased bone turnover

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Human bone is continuously remodeled through a process of bone formation and resorption. Approximately 90% of the organic matrix of bone is type I collagen, a helical protein that is crosslinked at the N- and C-terminal ends of the molecule. During bone resorption, osteoclasts secrete a mixture of acid and neutral proteases that degrade the collagen fibrils into molecular fragments including C-terminal telopeptide (CTx). As bone ages, the alpha form of aspartic acid present in CTx converts to the beta form. Beta-CTx is released into the bloodstream during bone resorption and serves as a specific marker for the degradation of mature type I collagen. Elevated serum concentrations of beta-CTx have been reported in patients with increased bone resorption.

 

Bone turnover markers are physiologically elevated during childhood, growth, and fracture healing. The elevations in bone resorption markers and bone formation markers are typically balanced in these circumstances and are of no diagnostic value. By contrast, bone turnover markers may be useful when the bone remodeling process is unbalanced. Abnormalities in the process of bone remodeling can result in changes in skeletal mass and shape. Many diseases, in particular hyperthyroidism, all forms of hyperparathyroidism, most forms of osteomalacia and rickets (even if not associated with hyperparathyroidism), hypercalcemia of malignancy, Paget disease, multiple myeloma, and bone metastases, as well as various congenital diseases of bone formation and remodeling, can result in accelerated and unbalanced bone turnover. Unbalanced bone turnover is also found in age-related and postmenopausal osteopenia and osteoporosis.

 

Disease-associated bone turnover abnormalities should normalize in response to effective therapeutic interventions, which can be monitored by measurement of serum and urine bone resorption markers.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Males

<5 years: 242-1292 pg/mL

5-9 years: 351-1532 pg/mL

10-15 years: 447-2457 pg/mL

16-17 years: 478-1666 pg/mL

18-30 years: 120-946 pg/mL

31-50 years: 93-630 pg/mL

51-70 years: 35-836 pg/mL

>70 years: not established

 

Females

<5 years: 347-1508 pg/mL

5-9 years: 383-1556 pg/mL

10-15 years: 311-1776 pg/mL

16-17 years: 146-1266 pg/mL

Premenopausal: 25-573 pg/mL

Postmenopausal: 104-1008 pg/mL

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Elevated levels of beta-C-terminal telopeptide (CTx) indicate increased bone resorption. Increased levels are associated with osteoporosis, osteopenia, Paget disease, hyperthyroidism, and hyperparathyroidism.

 

In patients taking antiresorptive agents (bisphosphonates or hormone replacement therapy), a decrease of 25% or more from baseline beta-CTx levels (ie, prior to the start of therapy) 3 to 6 months after initiation of therapy indicates an adequate therapeutic response.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Reduced renal function may lead to reduced urinary excretion of beta-C-terminal telopeptide (CTx) and a consequent increase in the apparent serum beta-CTx concentration.

 

As with all tests containing monoclonal mouse antibodies, erroneous findings may be obtained from specimens taken from patients who have been treated with monoclonal mouse antibodies or have received them for diagnostic purposes.

 

In rare cases, interference due to extremely high titers of antibodies to ruthenium or streptavidin can occur.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Christgau S, Bitsch-Jensen O, Hanover Bjarnason N, et al: Serum CrossLaps for monitoring the response in individuals undergoing antiresorptive therapy. Bone. 2000 May;26(5):505-511

2. Garnero P, Borel O, Delmas PD: Evaluation of a fully automated serum assay for C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen in osteoporosis. Clin Chem. 2001 Apr;47(4):694-702

3. Fraser W: Bone and Mineral Metabolism. In Rifai N, Horvath AR, Wittwer CT, eds. Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. 6th ed. Elsevier;2018;1422-1491

4. Delmas PD, Eastell R, Garnero P, et al: The use of biochemical markers of bone turnover in osteoporosis. Committee of Scientific Advisors of the International Osteoporosis Foundation. Osteoporo Int. 2000;11:S2-S17

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

The Roche Beta-CrossLaps assay is a 2-site immunometric (sandwich) assay using electrochemiluminescence detection. Patient specimen, biotinylated monoclonal beta-CrossLaps-specific antibody, and monoclonal beta-CrossLaps-specific antibody labeled with ruthenium react to form a complex. Streptavidin-coated microparticles act as the solid phase to which the complex binds. Voltage is applied to the electrode, inducing a chemiluminescent emission from the ruthenium, which is then measured against a calibration curve to determine the amount of beta-CrossLaps in the patient specimen. This assay is specific for crosslinked isomerized type I collagen fragments, independent of the nature of the crosslink (eg, pyrrole, pyridinolines). The assay specificity is guaranteed through the use of 2 monoclonal antibodies, each recognizing linear beta-8AA octapeptides (EKAHD-beta-GGR). The assay, therefore, quantifies all type I collagen degradation fragments that contain the isomerized octapeptide beta-8AA twice (beta-CTx).(Package insert: Elecsys Beta-CrossLaps/serum. Roche Diagnostics; V1.0, 05/2017)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

1 to 3 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

3 months

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test has been cleared, approved, or is exempt by the US Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

82523

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
CTX Beta-CrossLaps (B-CTx), S 41171-0
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
CTX Beta-CrossLaps (B-CTx), S 41171-0

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports