Test Catalog

Test ID: MYOGL    
Myoglobin Immunostain, Technical Component Only

Useful For Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Marker of skeletal and cardiac muscle

Testing Algorithm Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Myoglobin is found in skeletal and cardiac muscle, but not in smooth muscle, and functions as an oxygen transporting pigment. Antibodies to myoglobin may be useful in the diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcomas, but the proportion of positive cells may be small, and they may be distributed unevenly in the section. Staining for myoglobin is not seen in carcinomas or in other sarcomas.

Interpretation Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

This test does not include pathologist interpretation, only technical performance of the stain. If interpretation is required, order PATHC / Pathology Consultation for a full diagnostic evaluation or second opinion of the case.


The positive and negative controls are verified as showing appropriate immunoreactivity and documentation is retained at Mayo Clinic Rochester. If a control tissue is not included on the slide, a scanned image of the relevant quality control tissue is available upon request, call 855-516-8404.


Interpretation of this test should be performed in the context of the patient's clinical history and other diagnostic tests by a qualified pathologist.

Cautions Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Clinical Reference Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Brooks JJ: Immunohistochemistry of soft tissue tumors. Myoglobin as a tumor marker for rhabdomyosarcoma. Cancer. 1982;50:1757-1763

2. Furlong MA, Mentzel T, Fanburg-Smith JC: Pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma in adults: a clinicopathologic study of 38 cases with emphasis on morphologic variants and recent skeletal muscle-specific markers. Mod Pathol. 2001;14(6):595-603

3. Kagawa N, Sano T, Inaba H, Mori K, Hizawa K: Immunohistochemistry of myoglobin in rhabdomyosarcomas. Acta Pathol Jpn. 1983;33(3):515-522