Test Catalog

Test ID: NUT1F    
NUTM1 (15q14) Rearrangement, FISH, Tissue

Useful For Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Identifying NUTM1 gene rearrangements in patients with nuclear protein in testis midline carcinoma to aid in confirming or excluding the diagnosis

Testing Algorithm Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test does not include a pathology consult. If a pathology consultation is requested, PATHC / Pathology Consultation should be ordered and the appropriate fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test will be ordered and performed at an additional charge. This test includes a charge for application of the first probe set (2 FISH probes) and professional interpretation of results. Additional charges will be incurred for all reflex probes performed. Analysis charges will be incurred based on the number of cells analyzed per probe set. If no cells are available for analysis, no analysis charges will be incurred.

Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Nuclear protein in testis (NUT) midline carcinomas (NMC) are rare aggressive tumors with rapid onset. Although NMC has been described in several anatomic sites, it is commonly observed in the head, neck, or thorax. These tumors are poorly differentiated and defined by rearrangement of the NUTM1 gene on chromosome 15q14. In the majority of cases, NUTM1 is rearranged in an apparently balanced translocation with the BRD4 gene on chromosome 19p13.1; however, other partners for NUTM1 rearrangement have been reported. NUTM1 rearrangement has not been identified in other midline malignancies. Therefore, a separation of NUTM1, in the proper clinical and histologic context, is diagnostic for NMC and can be confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization with NUT break-apart probes.

Reference Values Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

The presence of NUTM1 rearrangement confirms the diagnosis of nuclear protein in testis midline carcinomas (NMC) in the proper clinical and histologic context.


The absence of NUTM1 rearrangement rules out the diagnosis of NMC in the proper clinical and histologic context.


A positive result is detected when the percent of cells with an abnormality exceeds the normal cutoff for the probe set.


A positive result suggests rearrangement of the NUTM1 locus which, in conjunction with the proper clinical and histologic features, is diagnostic of NMC. A negative result suggests no rearrangement of the NUTM1 gene region at 15q14. A confirmed diagnosis of NMC results in specific clinical management that may be distinct from the management of other carcinomas.

Cautions Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

This test is not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, and it is best used as an adjunct to existing clinical and pathologic information.


This test is only intended to be used in the diagnosis of nuclear protein in testis midline carcinomas (NMC). The results of this test are intended to be interpreted in association with the pathologic and clinical findings.


Fixatives other than formalin (eg, Prefer, Bouin) may not be successful for fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assays, however non-formalin fixed samples will not be rejected.


Paraffin-embedded tissues that have been decalcified are generally unsuccessful for FISH analysis. The pathologist reviewing the hematoxylin and eosin-stained slide may find it necessary to cancel testing.

Supportive Data

Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was performed on 26 paraffin-embedded tissue samples and 25 noncancerous lymph node control specimens. Rearrangement of NUTM1 was verified in 4 samples previously identified as nuclear protein in testis midline carcinomas (NMC) by a pathologist. The normal controls were used to generate a normal cutoff for this assay.

Clinical Reference Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

11. Bauer DE, Mitchell CM, Strait KM, et al: Clinicopathologic features and long-term outcomes of NUT midline carcinoma. Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Oct;18(20):5773-5779

2. Ziai J, French CA, Zambrano E: NUT gene rearrangement in a poorly-differentiated carcinoma of the submandibular gland. Head Neck Pathol. 2010 June;4(2):163-168

3. Herbert H, Johnson LA, Fry CJ, et al: Diagnosis of NUT midline carcinoma using a NUT-specific monoclonal antibody. Am J Surg Pathol. 2009 July;33(7):984-991

4. Stelow EB, Bellizzi AM, Taneja K, et al: NUT rearrangement in undifferentiated carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract. Am J Surg Pathol. 2008 Jun;32(6):828-834

5. French CA: NUT midline carcinoma. NatRev Cancer. 2014 Jan;14:149-150