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Test Catalog

Test ID: FUROC    
UroVysion for Detection of Bladder Cancer, Urine

Useful For Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Monitoring for tumor recurrence in patients with a history of urothelial carcinoma involving the bladder or upper urinary tract

 

Assessing patients with hematuria for urothelial carcinoma

Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Cystoscopy and urine cytology have been the primary methods for detecting urothelial carcinoma (UC). Unfortunately urine cytology has relatively poor sensitivity for the detection of recurrent UC. This is problematic because patients who have undetected recurrent tumors may have tumor progression that places them at increased risk of developing metastatic UC.

 

The UroVysion assay is a FISH assay for the detection of recurrent UC. The UroVysion probe set contains probes to the centromeres of chromosomes 3, 7, and 17, and a locus-specific probe to the 9p21 band (site of the P16 tumor suppressor gene). The UroVysion assay detects cells with chromosomal abnormalities that are consistent with a diagnosis of UC. Studies have shown that the assay has higher sensitivity than urine cytology but similar specificity for the detection of recurrent UC. The UroVysion assay also demonstrates higher specificity than the BTA-stat assay for recurrent UC.

Reference Values Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Lower Tract Samples:

Abnormal: any specimen satisfying 1 of the following criteria:

-Four or more cells with gains of 2 or more chromosomes

-Ten or more cells with a gain of a single chromosome or 10 or more cells with tetrasomic signal patterns (ie, 4 copies for each of the 4 probes)

-Homozygous deletion of the 9p21 locus in 20% or more of the cells analyzed

 

For cases that are abnormal, the percentage of abnormal cells and type of chromosomal abnormality (ie, polysomy, trisomy, tetrasomy, or homozygous 9p21 deletion) are indicated in the test report.

 

Negative:

-Fewer than 4 cells with gains of 2 or more chromosomes

-Fewer than 10 cells with gain of a single chromosome or tetrasomy

-Less than 20% of cells with homozygous 9p21 deletion

 

Upper Tract Samples:

Abnormal: any upper tract specimen satisfying 1 of the following criteria:

-Four or more hypertetrasomy cells with at least 5 copies of 2 or more chromosomes

-Ten or more cells with a gain of a single chromosome or 10% or more cells with tetrasomic or near-tetrasomic signal patterns (ie, 4 copies for each of the 4 probes)

-Homozygous deletion of the 9p21 locus in 20% or more of the cells analyzed

 

Negative:

-Fewer than 4 cells with hypertetrasomy with at least 5 copies of 2 or more chromosomes

-Fewer than 10% of cells with tetrasomy

-Less than 20% of cells with homozygous 9p21 deletion

Cautions Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Significant cell populations with chromosomal gains or homozygous 9p21 deletion indicate that the patient has a genitourinary malignancy, which is most frequently bladder cancer, or (much less likely) a metastatic involvement of the genitourinary tract. However, the patient may have another genitourinary malignancy (eg, renal pelvic or ureteral transitional cell carcinoma, prostatic carcinoma with urethral invasion, renal cell carcinoma, or metastatic cancer involving the genitourinary tract).

 

This assay is intended for detecting tumor and does not provide information on tumor stage.

 

Biopsy may help clarify the diagnosis and tumor stage.

Clinical Reference Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Halling KC, Kipp BR: Bladder Cancer Detection Using FISH (UroVysion Assay). Adv Anat Pathol 2008:15(5):279-286

2. Gayed BA, Seideman C, Lotan Y: Cost-effectiveness of fluorescence in situ hybridization in patients with atypical cytology for the detection of urothelial carcinoma. J Urol. 2013 Oct;190(4):1181-1186

Special Instructions Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test