Test Catalog

Test Id : IBDGP

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Primary Immunodeficiency (PID) Panel, Varies

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Genetic testing for patients with very early onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), early onset IBD, or IBD refractory to treatment

 

Identifying variants in genes known to be associated with monogenic IBD or IBD-like conditions. Identification may allow for development of a specific treatment and surveillance plan for these patients based on the molecular alteration identified, and predictive testing of at-risk family members.

 

Diagnosis of monogenic IBD or IBD-like conditions among patients with early onset or very-early onset IBD, or who are refractory to conventional therapy

 

Ascertaining carrier status of family members of individuals diagnosed with early onset IBD for genetic counseling purposes. If a family member has already tested positive for a variant in a gene on this panel, order familial variant analysis (FMTT). See Ordering Guidance section (Specimen tab) for more details.

 

This test is not useful for establishing a diagnosis of typical polygenic IBD or for differentiating between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

This test uses next-generation sequencing to test for variants in the ADA, ADAM17, AICDA, BTK, CD3G, CD40LG, CTLA4, CYBA, CYBB, DCLRE1C (Artemis), DKC1, DOCK8, FOXP3, G6PC3, ICOS, IKBKG, IL10, IL10RA, IL10RB, IL21, IL21R, IL2RA, IL2RG, ITGB2, LIG4, LRBA, MEFV, MVK, NCF2, NCF4, NLRC4, PIK3CD, PIK3R1, PLCG2, RAG1, RAG2, RTEL1, SH2D1A, SKIV2L, SLC37A4, STAT1, STAT3, STIM1, STXBP2, TNFAIP3, TTC37, TTC7A, WAS, WIPF1, XIAP and ZAP70 genes.

 

Prior Authorization is available for this assay.

Highlights

Identification of a pathogenic variant may assist with prognosis, clinical management, familial screening, and genetic counseling. This is not a serological test and is not intended to establish a diagnosis of typical polygenic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or to differentiate between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

Reflex Tests
Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
FIBR Fibroblast Culture Yes No
CRYOB Cryopreserve for Biochem Studies No No

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

For skin biopsy or cultured fibroblast specimens, fibroblast culture and cryopreservation testing will be performed at an additional charge. If viable cells are not obtained, the client will be notified.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Custom Sequence Capture and Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing followed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Supplemental Sanger Sequencing

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

IBD PID Gene Panel

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

FOXP3

IL10

IL10RA

IL10RB

IL21

IL21R

IL2RA

Immunodeficiency with multiple intestinal atresias (TTC7A deficiency)

Inflammatory bowel disease

IPEX-like syndromes

LRBA

STAT3

TTC37

TTC7A

X-linked immunodysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, and enteropathy (IPEX)

X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome, colitis, IBD, hepatitis (XIAP)

Primary Immunodeficiency

ADA

ADAM17

AICDA

BTK

CD3G

CD40LG

CTLA4

CYBA

CYBB

DCLRE1C

DKC1

DOCK8

G6PC3

ICOS

IKBKG

IL2RG

IBD

ITGB2

LIG4

MEFV

MVK

NCF2

NCF4

NLRC4

PIK3CD

PIK3R1

PLCG2

RAG1

RAG2

RTEL1

SH2D1A

SKIV2L

SLC37A4

STAT1

STIM1

STXBP2

Trichohepatoenteric syndrome

WAS

WIPF1

XIAP

ZAP70

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

For skin biopsy or cultured fibroblast specimens, fibroblast culture and cryopreservation testing will be performed at an additional charge. If viable cells are not obtained, the client will be notified.

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Varies

Ordering Guidance

This test is not a serological screening test for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and does not differentiate between Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, or other inflammatory bowel conditions. This test should not be used as an adjunct test to establish a diagnosis of IBD. For serology testing to distinguish between ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease, order IBDP2 / Inflammatory Bowel Disease Serology Panel, Serum.

 

This panel has limited utility in patients who present with IBD in adulthood and respond well to conventional therapy.

 

Targeted testing for familial variants (also called site-specific or known mutations testing) is available for the genes on this panel. See FMTT / Familial Mutation, Targeted Testing, Varies.

Necessary Information

1. Primary Immunodeficiency (PID) Panel Prior Authorization Ordering Instructions is required. Submit the required form with the specimen.

2. Primary Immunodeficiencies Patient Information (T791) is strongly recommended, but not required, to be filled out and sent with the specimen. This information aids in providing a more thorough interpretation of test results. Ordering providers are strongly encouraged to complete the form and send it with the specimen.

3. Include physician name and phone number with specimen.

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Patient Preparation: A previous bone marrow transplant from an allogenic donor or a recent (ie, <6 weeks from time of sample collection) heterologous blood transfusion will interfere with testing. Call 800-533-1710 for instructions for testing patients who have received a bone marrow transplant.

 

Submit only 1 of the following specimens:

 

Preferred:

Specimen Type: Whole blood

Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA)

Specimen Volume: 3 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix blood.

2. Send specimen in original tube.

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient (preferred) 4 days/Refrigerated 14 days

 

Acceptable:

Specimen Type: Blood spot

Supplies: Card-Blood Spot Collection Filter Paper (T493)

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Collection card (Whatman Protein Saver 903 Paper)

Acceptable: Whatman FTA Classic paper, PerkinElmer 226 (formerly Ahlstrom 226) filter paper, or Blood Spot Collection Card

Specimen Volume: 2 to 5 Blood spots on collection card

Collection Instructions:

1. An alternative blood collection option for a patient older than1 year of age is finger stick.

2. Let blood dry on the filter paper at ambient temperature in a horizontal position for 3 hours.

3. Do not expose specimen to heat or direct sunlight.

4. Do not stack wet specimens.

5. Keep specimen dry.

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient (preferred)/Refrigerated

Additional Information:

1. For collection instructions, see Blood Spot Collection Instructions.

2. For collection instructions in Spanish, see Blood Spot Collection Card-Spanish Instructions (T777).

3. For collection instructions in Chinese, see Blood Spot Collection Card-Chinese Instructions (T800).

 

Specimen Type: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)

Container/Tube: Cell pellet

Collection Instructions: Send as a suspension in freezing medium or cell pellet frozen on dry ice.

Specimen Stability Information: Frozen

 

Specimen Type: Cultured fibroblasts

Container/Tube: T-75 or T-25 flask

Specimen Volume: 1 Full T-75 or 2 full T-25 flasks

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient (preferred)/Refrigerated <24 hours

Additional Information: Indicate the tests to be performed on the fibroblast culture cells. A separate culture charge will be assessed under FIBR / Fibroblast Culture. Tissue. An additional 3 weeks is required to culture fibroblasts before genetic testing can occur.

 

Specimen Type: Skin biopsy

Supplies: Fibroblast Biopsy Transport Media (T115)

Container/Tube: Sterile container with any standard cell culture media (eg, minimal essential media, RPMI 1640). The solution should be supplemented with 1% penicillin and streptomycin.

Specimen Volume: 4-mm punch

Specimen Stability Information: Refrigerated (preferred)/Ambient

Additional Information: A separate culture charge will be assessed under FIBR / Fibroblast Culture, Tissue. An additional 4 weeks is required to culture fibroblasts before genetic testing can occur.

 

Specimen Type: Extracted DNA

Container/Tube: 2 mL screw top tube

Specimen Volume: 100 mcL (microliters)

Collection Instructions:

1. The preferred volume is 100 mcL at a concentration of 250 ng/mcL

2. Include concentration and volume on tube.

Specimen Stability Information: Frozen (preferred)/Ambient/Refrigerated

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

1. New York Clients-Informed consent is required. Document on the request form or electronic order that a copy is on file. The following documents are available:

-Informed Consent for Genetic Testing (T576)

-Informed Consent for Genetic Testing-Spanish (T826)

2. Primary Immunodeficiency (PID) Panel Prior Authorization Ordering Instructions is required

3. Primary Immunodeficiencies Patient Information  (T791)

 

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send Gastroenterology and Hepatology Client Test Request (T728) with the specimen

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

Whole blood: 1 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

All specimens will be evaluated at Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Varies (preferred)

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Genetic testing for patients with very early onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), early onset IBD, or IBD refractory to treatment

 

Identifying variants in genes known to be associated with monogenic IBD or IBD-like conditions. Identification may allow for development of a specific treatment and surveillance plan for these patients based on the molecular alteration identified, and predictive testing of at-risk family members.

 

Diagnosis of monogenic IBD or IBD-like conditions among patients with early onset or very-early onset IBD, or who are refractory to conventional therapy

 

Ascertaining carrier status of family members of individuals diagnosed with early onset IBD for genetic counseling purposes. If a family member has already tested positive for a variant in a gene on this panel, order familial variant analysis (FMTT). See Ordering Guidance section (Specimen tab) for more details.

 

This test is not useful for establishing a diagnosis of typical polygenic IBD or for differentiating between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

This test uses next-generation sequencing to test for variants in the ADA, ADAM17, AICDA, BTK, CD3G, CD40LG, CTLA4, CYBA, CYBB, DCLRE1C (Artemis), DKC1, DOCK8, FOXP3, G6PC3, ICOS, IKBKG, IL10, IL10RA, IL10RB, IL21, IL21R, IL2RA, IL2RG, ITGB2, LIG4, LRBA, MEFV, MVK, NCF2, NCF4, NLRC4, PIK3CD, PIK3R1, PLCG2, RAG1, RAG2, RTEL1, SH2D1A, SKIV2L, SLC37A4, STAT1, STAT3, STIM1, STXBP2, TNFAIP3, TTC37, TTC7A, WAS, WIPF1, XIAP and ZAP70 genes.

 

Prior Authorization is available for this assay.

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

For skin biopsy or cultured fibroblast specimens, fibroblast culture and cryopreservation testing will be performed at an additional charge. If viable cells are not obtained, the client will be notified.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term used to encompass disorders involving chronic intestinal inflammation. These conditions are typically classified as either Crohn disease or ulcerative colitis based on clinical features, colonoscopy findings, histologic changes, and the anatomical distribution of disease; however, in some cases, overlapping features are noted. Over the past few decades, the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease has been rapidly increasing in both children and adults. Common symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, and unintentional weight loss. The majority of IBD is thought to be either polygenic or multifactorial. In these susceptible individuals, an environmental component appears to trigger disease manifestation. However, in rare cases, IBD or IBD-like intestinal inflammation can be attributed to disease-causing variants in a single gene (monogenic inheritance) which results in a highly penetrant condition.

 

Monogenic IBD typically presents at a very young age (often <6 years of age at onset of symptoms) compared to polygenic IBD (peak at 20-40 years of age), although the incidence of polygenic IBD in young patients is increasing and conversely some patients with milder forms of monogenic IBD may not present until later. Individuals with polygenic or monogenic IBD may also have other family members affected with IBD (a positive family history). In many cases, patients with a monogenic form of IBD may not respond well to conventional treatment modalities and may have a related primary immunodeficiency. Identification of the genetic cause of disease in these individuals is important as it may change the treatment plan for these individuals. Depending on the genetic cause, targeted therapies or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be beneficial. Therefore, identification of these conditions is important as it can guide treatment, including medical therapy, surgery, or stem cell transplant, and may reduce the high morbidity and mortality associated with these conditions.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Evaluation and categorization of variants is performed using the most recent published American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) recommendations as a guideline. Variants are classified based on known, predicted, or possible pathogenicity and reported with interpretive comments detailing their potential or known significance.

 

Multiple in silico evaluation tools may be used to assist in the interpretation of these results. The accuracy of predictions made by in silico evaluation tools is highly dependent upon the data available for a given gene, and predictions made by these tools may change over time. Results from in silico evaluation tools should be interpreted with caution and professional clinical judgment.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Clinical Correlations:

Some individuals who have involvement of 1 or more of the genes on the panel may have a variant that is not identified by the methods performed (eg, promoter variants, deep intronic variants). The absence of a variant, therefore, does not eliminate the possibility of disease.

 

Test results should be interpreted in context of clinical findings, family history, and other laboratory data. Misinterpretation of results may occur if the information provided is inaccurate or incomplete.

 

For predictive testing of asymptomatic individuals, it is often useful to first test an affected family member. Identification of a pathogenic variant in an affected individual allows for more informative testing of at-risk individuals.

 

Technical Limitations:

Next-generation sequencing may not detect all types of genetic variants. The variant detection software has lower detection efficiency for insertion/deletion variants as compared to single nucleotide variants. Therefore, small deletions and insertions greater than 8 nucleotides in length may not be detected by this test. Copy number variations (CNV) are not currently reported for any of the genes on this panel. Additionally, rare variants may be present that could lead to false-negative or false-positive results. In some cases, DNA variants of undetermined significance may be identified. If results do not match clinical findings, consider alternative methods for analyzing these genes, such as Sanger sequencing or large deletion/duplication analysis.

 

Reclassification of Variants-Policy:

At this time, it is not standard practice for the laboratory to systematically review likely deleterious alterations or variants of uncertain significance that are detected and reported. The laboratory encourages health care providers to contact the laboratory at any time to learn how the status of a particular variant may have changed over time. Consultation with a healthcare provider, or team of healthcare providers, with expertise in genetics and primary immunodeficiencies, is recommended for interpretation of this result.

 

Contact the laboratory if additional information is required regarding the transcript or human genome assembly used for the analysis of this patient's results.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Uhlig HH, Schwerd T, Koletzko S, et al: The diagnostic approach to monogenic very early onset inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 2014 Nov;147(5):990-1007

2. Uhlig HH, Schwerd T: From Genes to Mechanisms: The expanding spectrum of monogenic disorders associated with inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 Jan;22(1):202-212

3. Kelsen JR, Baldassano RN, Artis D, Sonnenberg GF: Maintaining intestinal health: the genetics and immunology of very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015 Sep 1;1(5):462-476

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is performed using an Illumina instrument with paired-end reads. The DNA is prepared for NGS using a custom Agilent SureSelect Target Enrichment System. Data is analyzed with a bioinformatics software pipeline for sequence variants. Supplemental Sanger sequencing may be performed occasionally in regions where NGS is insufficient for data capture or not specific enough to correctly identify a variant. Sanger sequencing may also be used for confirmatory testing.(Unpublished Mayo method)

 

Genes analyzed: ADA, ADAM17, AICDA, BTK, CD3G, CD40LG, CTLA4, CYBA, CYBB, DCLRE1C, DKC1, DOCK8, FOXP3, G6PC3, ICOS, IKBKG, IL10, IL10RA, IL10RB, IL21, IL21R, IL2RA, IL2RG, ITGB2, LIG4, LRBA, MEFV, MVK, NCF2, NCF4, NLRC4, PIK3CD, PIK3R1, PLCG2, RAG1, RAG2, RTEL1, SH2D1A, SKIV2L, SLC37A4, STAT1, STAT3, STIM1, STXBP2, TNFAIP3, TTC37, TTC7A, WAS, WIPF1, XIAP and ZAP70 genes.

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

2 to 8 weeks

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Extracted DNA: 2 months

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

81443

Prior Authorization
Prior Authorization may be required by your insurance carrier.

Insurance preauthorization is available for this testing; forms are available.

 

Patient financial assistance may be available to those who qualify. Patients who receive a bill from Mayo Clinic Laboratories will receive information on eligibility and how to apply.

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
IBDGP IBD PID Gene Panel In Process
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
BA3894 Gene(s) Evaluated 48018-6
BA3895 Result Summary 50397-9
BA3896 Result Details 82939-0
BA3897 Interpretation 69047-9
BA3898 Additional Information 48767-8
BA3899 Method 85069-3
BA3900 Disclaimer 62364-5
BA3901 Reviewed by 18771-6

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports