TEST CATALOG ORDERING & RESULTS SPECIMEN HANDLING CUSTOMER SERVICE EDUCATION & INSIGHTS
Test Catalog

Test ID: AMLF    
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), FISH, Varies

Testing Algorithm Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test includes a charge for application of the first probe set (2 fluorescence in situ hybridization: FISH probes) and professional interpretation of results. Additional charges will be incurred for all reflex probes performed. Analysis charges will be incurred based on the number of cells analyzed per probe set. If no cells are available for analysis, no analysis charges will be incurred.

 

The following algorithms are available in Special Instructions:

-Acute Leukemias of Ambiguous Lineage Testing Algorithm

-Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Testing Algorithm

-Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia: Guideline to Diagnosis and Follow-up

 

For diagnostic samples, all probes in the initial panel will be performed. The initial panel includes testing for the following abnormalities using the probes listed:

t(8;21), [M2], RUNX1T1/RUNX1

t(15;17), [M3], PML/RARA

11q23 rearrangement, [M0-M7], MLL (KMT2A)

inv(16), [M4, Eos], MYH11/CBFB

Based on the results from the initial panel, reflex testing may be performed to identify the following abnormalities:

t(6;9), [M2,M4], DEK/NUP214

inv(3) or t(3;3), [M1,2,4,6,7], RPN1/MECOM

t(8;16), [M4,M5], MYST3/CREBBP

t(1;22), [M7], RBM15/MKL1*

-5/5q-, D5S630/EGR1

-7/7q-, D7S486/D7Z1

17p-, TP53/D17Z1

t(9;22), BCR/ABL1

 *The RBM15/MKL1 probe set will only be used to test patients with a suspected or confirmed diagnosis of M7 or to confirm a t(1;22) identified by chromosome analysis.

 

-When a MLL (KMT2A) rearrangement is identified, reflex testing will be performed to identify the translocation partner. Probes include identification of t(4;11)(q21;q23) AFF1/MLL, t(6;11)(q27;q23) MLLT4/MLL, t(9;11)(p22;q23) MLLT3/MLL, t(10;11)(p13;q23) MLLT10/MLL, t(11;16)(q23;p13.3) MLL/CREBBP, t(11;19)(q23;p13.1) MLL/ELL, or t(11;19)(q23;p13.3) MLL/MLLT1.

-When 3 copies of MECOM are observed with no fusion with RPN1, reflex testing using the MECOM/RUNX1 probe set will be performed to identify a potential t(3;21)(q26.2;q22) rearrangement.

-When 3 copies of RPN1 are observed with no fusion with MECOM, reflex testing using the PRDM16/RPN1 probe set will be performed to identify a potential t(1;3)(p36;q21).

-When 3 copies of RARA are observed with no fusion with PML, reflex testing using the 5'RARA/3'RARA rearrangement probe set will be performed to identify a potential variant translocation involving RARA; example: t(17;var)( q21;?).

-In the absence of BCR/ABL1 fusion, when an extra signal for ABL1 is identified, reflex testing will be performed using the ABL1 break-apart probe set to evaluate for the presence or absence of an ABL1 rearrangement.

 

If the patient is being treated for known abnormalities, indicate which probes should be used.

 

If this test is ordered and the laboratory is informed that the patient is on a Children's Oncology Group (COG) protocol, this test will be canceled and automatically reordered by the laboratory as COGMF / Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), Children's Oncology Group Enrollment Testing, FISH, Varies.

Specimen Type Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Varies

Advisory Information

This assay detects chromosome abnormalities observed in the blood and bone marrow of patients with acute myeloid leukemia. For testing paraffin-embedded tissue samples from patients with myeloid sarcoma, see MSTF / Myeloid Sarcoma, FISH, Tissue.

Shipping Instructions

Advise Express Mail or equivalent if not on courier service.

Necessary Information

1. Provide a reason for referral with each specimen. The laboratory will not reject testing if this information is not provided, but appropriate testing and interpretation may be compromised or delayed.

2. A pathology and/or flow cytometry report may be requested by the Genomics Laboratory to optimize testing and aid in interpretation of results.

Specimen Required Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Submit only 1 of the following specimens:

 

Specimen Type: Whole blood

Container/Tube: Green top (sodium heparin)

Specimen Volume: 7-10 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix blood.

2. Other anticoagulants are not recommended and are harmful to the viability of the cells.

 

Specimen Type: Bone marrow

Container/Tube: Green top (sodium heparin)

Specimen Volume: 1-2 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix bone marrow.

2. Other anticoagulants are not recommended and are harmful to the viability of the cells.

Special Instructions Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Hematopathology/Cytogenetics Test Request (T726) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

Blood: 2 mL
Bone Marrow: 1 mL

Reject Due To Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

All specimens will be evaluated at Mayo Clinic Laboratories for test suitability.

Specimen Stability Information Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen TypeTemperatureTimeSpecial Container
VariesAmbient (preferred)
 Refrigerated