Test Catalog

Test ID: MMOGA    
Monoclonal Gammopathy Monitoring, Serum

Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference


Serum proteins are separated in an electric field according to their size, shape, and electric charge. The separation is performed on agarose gels. The proteins are visualized by staining with acid blue, and the intensity of staining is quantitated by densitometry (Helen Quick Scan 2000). Multiplying by the serum total protein (Coomasie blue) converts the percentage of protein in each fraction into serum concentration.(Helena SPIFE 3000 Instruction Manual and Helen SPIFE SPE Vis Gel package insert 2001; Kyle RA, Katzmann JA, Lust JA, Dispenzieri, A: Clinical indications and applications of electrophoresis and immunofixation. In Manual of Clinical Laboratory Immunology. Sixth Edition. Edited by NR Rose, et al. Washington DC. ASM Press, 2002 p 71-91)


M-protein Isotype matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS):

M-protein isotype by MALDI-TOF MS is performed with immunoaffinity purification followed by MALDI-TOF MS analysis. For the immunoaffinity purification, patient serum is applied to 5 separate immunoaffinity resins (CaptureSelect, Life Sciences) specific to immunoglobulin G, A, M, K, and L. Unbound protein is washed away and the isolated immunoglobulins are broken down in to their reduced to separate the heavy and light chains subunits to be analyzed via MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The 5 separate spectra from each patient immunopurification are overlaid and investigated for an overabundance of immunoglobulin and immunoglobulin light chain.(Milani P, Murray DL, Barnidge DR, et al: The utility of MASS-FIX to detect and monitor monoclonal proteins in the clinic, Am J Hematol, 2017;92(8):772-779 doi: 10.1002/ajh.24772)

PDF Report Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.


Monday through Friday; 1 p.m.



Monday through Friday; 8 a.m.

Analytic Time Defines the amount of time it takes the laboratory to setup and perform the test. This is defined in number of days. The shortest interval of time expressed is "same day/1 day," which means the results may be available the same day that the sample is received in the testing laboratory. One day means results are available 1 day after the sample is received in the laboratory.

Same day/1 day

Maximum Laboratory Time Defines the maximum time from specimen receipt at Mayo Clinic Laboratories until the release of the test result

3 days

Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

14 days

Performing Laboratory Location Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test