Test Catalog

Test ID: PSYGP    
Psychotropic Pharmacogenomics Gene Panel, Varies

Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Genomic DNA is extracted from the sample.


Genotyping for the following genes is performed using a PCR-based 5'-nuclease assay. Fluorescently labeled detection probes anneal to the target DNA: ANKK1, ADRA2, CHRNA3, COMT, CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP3A4, CYP3A5, DRD2, EPHX1, GRIK4, HTR2A, HTR2C, MTHFR, OPRM1, SCN1A, and UGT2B15. PCR is used to amplify the section of DNA that contains the variant. If the detection probe is an exact match to the target DNA, the 5'-nuclease polymerase degrades the probe, the reporter dye is released from the effects of the quencher dye, and a fluorescent signal is detected. Genotypes are assigned based on the allele-specific fluorescent signals that are detected.(Instruction manual: TaqMan SNP Genotyping Assay, Applied Biosystems Revision A.0 January 2014)


Amplification for the HLA-B*15:02 and HLA-A*31:01 alleles and an internal control gene is performed by real-time PCR in the presence of SYBR Green, which fluoresces when bound to double-stranded DNA. A genotype is assigned based on the allele-specific SYBR Green fluorescent signals that are detected.(Unpublished Mayo method)


SLC6A4 is performed utilizing PCR amplification of the region surrounding the polymorphism followed by size separation of the products.(Lesch KP, Bengel D, Heils A, et al: Association of anxiety-related traits with a polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene regulatory region. Science 1996;274:1527-1530)


CYP2D6 Copy Number Assay:

This assay utilizes a duplex real-time PCR, which includes 1 copy number probe and a reference assay per reaction. Each copy number probe detects the genomic sequence of interest and the reference assay detects a sequence that is known to be present in 2 copies in a diploid genome. Relative quantitation is used to determine the relative copy number of the target of interest in a genomic DNA (gDNA) sample normalized to10 ng/mcL for each probe. Each probe is normalized to the known copy number of the reference sequence, and compared to a calibrator sample with known copies of the target sequence included with each run.(Package insert: Taqman Copy Number Assays Revision B, Applied Biosystems, Carlsbad, CA)


2D6 Sequencing Assays (Tier 2, as needed):

The CYP2D6 allele of interest is amplified by PCR. The PCR product is then purified and sequenced in both directions using fluorescent dye-terminator chemistry. Sequencing products are separated on an automated sequencer and trace files analyzed for variations in the exons and intron/exon boundaries of all 9 exons using mutation detection software and visual inspection.(Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.

Monday through Thursday; 8 a.m.

Analytic Time Defines the amount of time it takes the laboratory to setup and perform the test. This is defined in number of days. The shortest interval of time expressed is "same day/1 day," which means the results may be available the same day that the sample is received in the testing laboratory. One day means results are available 1 day after the sample is received in the laboratory.

3 days (not reported Saturday or Sunday)

Maximum Laboratory Time Defines the maximum time from specimen receipt at Mayo Clinic Laboratories until the release of the test result

14 days

Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

Whole Blood/Saliva Swab: 2 weeks; Extracted DNA: 2 months

Performing Laboratory Location Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test