Test Catalog

Test ID: BGABS    
Beta-Galactosidase, Blood Spot

Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Whole blood collected in ACD or EDTA anticoagulant tubes is spotted onto filter paper. A 1/8-inch (3-mm) disk is punched out of the dried blood spot (DBS) into a 96-well, round-bottom plate containing 40 microliters of 50 mM cit-phos buffer as elution liquid and 20 microliters of 0.8 mM 4-methylumbelliferyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside in water as the substrate (60 microliters total volume + DBS). A blank is prepared using only elution liquid, substrate, and filter paper punches containing no blood (60 microliters total volume + blank punches). All patients, controls, and blank are set up in duplicate (2 punches total, 1 punch per well). After the incubation period (3 hours at 37 degrees C), all of the liquid from the plate is manually transferred to a 96-well, flat-bottom black plate. A calibration curve is prepared and analyzed on every plate to calculate enzyme activity results, based on fluorescence units in patient wells vs. calibrators. The calibration is derived from 4-methylumbelliferone (4-MU) that is serially diluted manually in the plate with the highest calibrator being equivalent to an enzyme activity of 10.4 nmol/hour/mL. Two hundred microliters of stop buffer (150 mM EDTA, pH 11.4) is added to all wells (patients, QC, blanks, calibrators). The plate is then read on the spectrofluorometer. Fluorescence readings for duplicate wells are averaged, and the average fluorescence is used to calculate the enzyme activity result.(Civallero G, Michelin K, de Mari J, et al: Twelve different enzyme assays on dried-blood filter paper samples for detection of patients with selected inherited lysosomal storage diseases. Clin Chim Acta 2006;372:98-102)

PDF Report Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.


Analytic Time Defines the amount of time it takes the laboratory to setup and perform the test. This is defined in number of days. The shortest interval of time expressed is "same day/1 day," which means the results may be available the same day that the sample is received in the testing laboratory. One day means results are available 1 day after the sample is received in the laboratory.

8 days

Maximum Laboratory Time Defines the maximum time from specimen receipt at Mayo Clinic Laboratories until the release of the test result

15 days

Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

1 year

Performing Laboratory Location Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test