Test Catalog

Test ID: HICBL    
Histoplasma/Blastomyces Panel, Spinal Fluid

Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference


Both immunodiffusion (ID) and compliment fixation (CF) tests are used to detect antibodies to Histoplasma capsulatum. For ID, the antigen is a culture filtrate, histoplasmin. H and M precipitin bands are identified. For the CF test, the antigens are histoplasmin and a yeast form of H capsulatum; the latter is more sensitive.(Roberts GD: Fungi. In: Washington II JA, ed. Laboratory Procedures in Clinical Microbiology. 2nd ed. Springer-Verlag, 1985; In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Elsevier; 2020)



The ID test is a qualitative test employed for the detection of precipitating antibodies present in the serum. Soluble antigens of the fungus are placed in wells of an agarose gel-filled Petri dish and the patient's serum and a control (positive) serum are placed in adjoining wells. If present, specific precipitate antibody will form precipitin lines between the wells. Their comparison to the control serum establishes the results. When performing the ID test, only precipitin bands of identity with the reference bands are significant.(Kaufman L, McLaughlin DW, Clark MJ, Blumer S: Specific immunodiffusion test for blastomycosis. Appl Microbiol. 1973;26:244-247, Williams JE, Murphy R, Standard PG, Phan JP: Serologic response in blastomycosis: diagnostic value of double immunodiffusion assay. Am Res Resp Dis. 1981;123:209-212; Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Elsevier; 2020)

PDF Report Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) Performed Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

3 to 6 days

Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

14 days

Performing Laboratory Location Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test