Test Catalog

Test ID: VIRNR    
Viral Culture, Non-Respiratory, Varies

Useful For Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Diagnosing viral infections in nonrespiratory specimens


This test is not useful for viruses that cannot be detected in cell culture including Epstein-Barr virus, rubella virus (order serology), West Nile virus, human papillomavirus, Norwalk virus or norovirus.

Reflex Tests Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests.

Test IDReporting NameAvailable SeparatelyAlways Performed
TISSRTissue ProcessingNo, (Bill Only)No
VID2Additional Testing Virus IdentNo, (Bill Only)No
SVIRViral Smear, Shell VialNo, (Bill Only)No

Testing Algorithm Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

All routine viral cultures are inoculated into cell culture tubes for viral detection. The most common specimens received for routine testing include body fluid, rectal, spinal fluid, and feces. A rapid (16-hour incubation) shell vial cell culture assay will be inoculated when specimens are designated for herpes simplex virus (HSV), adenovirus (AD) or cytomegalovirus (CMV) detection, or as appropriate for source indicated, and will be charged separately for each virus tested.


Information pertaining to specific sources:

Acceptable sources:

-Dermal specimens for enterovirus only (clearly indicate "Enterovirus" on test request)

-Feces- rectal swab (preferred); random fecal specimen (acceptable)

-Brain tissue

-Liver tissue (for CMV and herpes) refrigerated in saline or phosphate buffered saline

-Esophageal tissue, swabs, or brushings


Sources not recommended or not acceptable:

-Blood, lymph node tissue, and bone marrow/bone tissue specimens are frequently toxic to cell culture lines. Most molecular methods are appropriate for these specimen types (exception: bone tissue).

-Ocular fluids (vitreous and aqueous): viral culture is not recommended due to usually inadequate volumes. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing is recommended

-Genital, synovial fluid, wound swab or tissue (includes pus, drainage, or abscess fluid)


See Ordering Guidance for recommended testing on these specimen types.

Special Instructions Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name A short description of the method used to perform the test

Cell Culture

Shell Vial Assay for Herpes Simplex Virus or Cytomegalovirus

NY State Available Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.


Reporting Name Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Viral Culture, Non Respiratory

Aliases Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Culture for Virus, Routine
Culture, Coxsackie Virus/Echovirus
Herpes 1 and 2 (Culture)
Viral Isolation
Virus (CSF)
Coxsackie Virus (CSF and Rectal Swab)
Herpes or Herpes Simplex Virus Culture
Virus, Stool Culture
Enterovirus (Hand foot mouth disease)