Test Catalog

Test ID: PNZIK    
Prenatal Zika Virus IgM Antibody Capture MAC-ELISA, Serum

Useful For Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Screening for the presence of IgM-class antibodies to Zika virus in symptomatic pregnant women with either travel to a Zika virus endemic region or who have had sexual exposure to an individual with Zika virus.


This assay is a screening test for IgM-class antibodies to Zika virus. A presumptive positive result by this assay is not diagnostic for Zika virus infection and requires confirmatory testing by plaque reduction neutralization testing (PRNT) performed at the CDC or a CDC-designated laboratory. Confirmatory testing by a molecular assay for detection of Zika virus RNA may also be considered.


This assay should be used in patients presenting at least 2 weeks postsymptom onset or last possible exposure to Zika virus. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for Zika virus RNA detection should be ordered in patients with less than 2 weeks of symptoms or postexposure.


A single negative result by the Zika IgM ELISA should not be used to rule-out infection as the specimen may have been collected prior to the development of detectable antibodies.


Asymptomatic pregnant women with ongoing exposure to Zika virus (eg, residence in Zika virus endemic region) should not be tested for IgM antibodies to Zika virus, but rather by molecular assays for Zika virus at least 3 times during pregnancy. Due to seropersistence of IgM-class antibodies to Zika virus for months after infection, they cannot be used to reliably distinguish recent from past infection.


Testing of asymptomatic pregnant women without ongoing exposure to Zika virus is no longer routinely recommended. Testing consideration should be made using a shared patient-provider decision-making model, one in which patients and providers work together to make decisions about testing and care plans.

Testing Algorithm Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

Special Instructions Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Method Name A short description of the method used to perform the test

IgM Antibody Capture Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (MAC-ELISA)

NY State Available Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.


Reporting Name Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Prenatal Zika Virus MAC-ELISA,IgM,S

Aliases Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching