Test Catalog

Test Id : MALD

M-Protein Isotype, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, Serum

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Aiding in the diagnosis of monoclonal gammopathies, when used in conjunction with free light chain studies

 

This test alone is not considered an adequate screen for monoclonal gammopathies.

Profile Information
A profile is a group of laboratory tests that are ordered and performed together under a single Mayo Test ID. Profile information lists the test performed, inclusive of the test fee, when a profile is ordered and includes reporting names and individual availability.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
MALDO M-Protein Isotype Only, S No Yes
TMAB Therapeutic Antibody Administered? No Yes

Reflex Tests
Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests.

Test Id Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
IFXED Immunofixation Delta and Epsilon, S Yes No

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test includes M-protein isotyping. If a light chain is identified without a corresponding heavy chain during initial testing, immunofixation with IgD and IgE antisera will be performed at an additional charge.

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

M-Protein Isotype Only, S

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Immunofixation

Immunosubtraction

Isotyping

Mass-Fix

miRAMM

Multiple Myeloma

MassFix

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test includes M-protein isotyping. If a light chain is identified without a corresponding heavy chain during initial testing, immunofixation with IgD and IgE antisera will be performed at an additional charge.

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Serum

ORDER QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Question ID Description Answers
TMAB Therapeutic Antibody Administered?

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Patient Preparation: Fasting 12 hours preferred but not required

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send 1 of the following forms with the specimen:

 

 Renal Diagnostics Test Request (T830)

-Hematopathology/Cytogenetics Test Request (T726)

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

See Specimen Required

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis OK
Gross lipemia OK
Gross icterus OK

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 28 days
Frozen 28 days
Ambient 7 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Aiding in the diagnosis of monoclonal gammopathies, when used in conjunction with free light chain studies

 

This test alone is not considered an adequate screen for monoclonal gammopathies.

Testing Algorithm
Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This test includes M-protein isotyping. If a light chain is identified without a corresponding heavy chain during initial testing, immunofixation with IgD and IgE antisera will be performed at an additional charge.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Immunotyping of monoclonal (M-) proteins identifies the monoclonal immunoglobulin heavy chain type (gamma, alpha, mu, delta, or epsilon) and light chain type (kappa or lambda) in serum specimens.

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Negative: No monoclonal protein detected.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

A characteristic monoclonal band (M-spike) is often found on serum protein electrophoresis (SPE) in the gamma globulin region and, more rarely, in the beta or alpha-2 regions. The finding of an M-spike, restricted migration, or hypogammaglobulinemic protein electrophoresis pattern is suggestive of a possible monoclonal protein.

 

Immunoaffinity purification followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is performed to identify the immunoglobulin heavy and light chains.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

No significant cautionary statements

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Mills JR, Kohlhagen MC, Dasari S, et al: Comprehensive assessment of M-proteins using nanobody enrichment coupled to MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Clin Chem. 2016 Oct;62(10):1334-1344

2. Milani P, Murray DL, Barnidge DR, et al: The utility of MASS-FIX to detect and monitor monoclonal proteins in the clinic. Am J Hematol. 2017 Aug;92(8):772-779

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

M-protein isotype by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is performed with immunoaffinity purification followed by MALDI-TOF MS analysis. For the immunoaffinity purification, patient serum is applied to 5 separate immunoaffinity resins specific to immunoglobulin G, A, M, K, and L. Unbound protein is washed away and the isolated immunoglobulins are broken down in to their reduced to separate the heavy and light chains subunits to be analyzed via MALDI-TOF MS. The 5 separate spectra from each patient immunopurification are overlaid and investigated for an overabundance of immunoglobulin and immunoglobulin light chain.(Kohlhagen M, Dasari S, Willrich M, et al: Automation and validation of a MALDI-TOF MS (Mass-Fix) replacement of immunofixation electrophoresis in the clinical lab. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2020 Aug 3;59(1):155-163. doi: 10.1515/cclm-2020-0581)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Friday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

2 to 5 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

14 days

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their Regional Manager. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

0077U

86334 (if appropriate)

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
MALD M-Protein Isotype Only, S 90990-3
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
606982 Flag, M-protein Isotype 94400-9
606590 M-Protein Isotype MALDI-TOF MS 90990-3
TMAB Therapeutic Antibody Administered? 98855-0

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports